Shankhacuda, Śaṅkhacūḍa: 5 definitions

Introduction

Shankhacuda means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Śaṅkhacūḍa can be transliterated into English as Sankhacuda or Shankhacuda, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

Alternative spellings of this word include Shankhachuda.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shankhacuda in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Śaṅkhacūḍa (शङ्खचूड).—An Asura. Sudāmā became this asura as the result of a curse. (For details see under Tulasī, Para 5).

2) Śaṅkhacūḍa (शङ्खचूड).—A slave of Kubera. While Kṛṣṇa and Balabhadra were enjoying pleasures with naked Gopastrīs at Vṛndāvana Śaṅkhacūḍa, attracted by the Gopī women, went there. He abducted the women and in the fight that ensued was killed by Kṛṣṇa, who gave to Balabhadra the precious stone taken from his (Śaṅkhacūḍa's) head. (Bhāgavata, 10th Skandha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Śaṅkhacūḍa (शङ्खचूड).—A chief Nāga of pātāla.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 24. 31; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa IV. 33. 36.

1b) A follower of Kubera. He seized certain gopis whom Kṛṣṇa recovered. He was pursued and his head cut off. His cūḍāmaṇi was presented to Balarāma.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa X. 34. 25-32.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shankhacuda in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Śaṅkhacūḍa (शङ्खचूड) is the name of a Nāga that was to be offered to Garuḍa, when Jīmūtavāhana interfered and offered to take his place instead, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 22. Garuḍa is the “king of the birds”, and mentioned as the son of Vinatā (one of the two wives of Kaśyapa),

Śaṅkhacūḍa (शङ्खचूड) is also mentioned in the sixteenth story of the Vetālapañcaviṃśati in the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 90. Accordingly, Jīmūtavāhana reflected: “... I see this is an unhappy snake, of the name of Śaṅkhacūḍa, who has now been sent by King Vāsuki, to serve as food for Garuḍa...”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Śaṅkhacūḍa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Shodhganga: A critical appreciation of soddhalas udayasundarikatha

Śaṅkhacūḍa (शङ्खचूड).—Son of Śaṅkhapāla, a nāga mentioned by Soḍḍhala.—According to Śaṅkhacūḍa, the fame of his family was as white as a conch-shell which was a popular standard of comparision for witeness.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (S) next»] — Shankhacuda in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Śaṅkhacūḍa (शङ्खचूड):—[=śaṅkha-cūḍa] [from śaṅkha] m. Name of an Asura, [Pañcarātra]

2) [v.s. ...] of a Gandharva, [Catalogue(s)]

3) [v.s. ...] of one of Kubera’s attendants, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] of a serpent-demon, [Nāgānanda] (also ḍaka, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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