Saudharmakalpa, Saudharma-kalpa: 2 definitions

Introduction:

Saudharmakalpa means something in Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Saudharmakalpa in Jainism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Jainism

Saudharmakalpa (सौधर्मकल्प) is synonymous for Saudharma, referring to a heavenly abode (kalpa) inhabited by Kalpopapanna gods, according to Jain cosmological texts in both the Śvetāmbara and Digambara tradition. The Kalpopapannas (‘those born in the heavens’) represent a sub-species of the Vaimānika gods, which in turn represents the fourth main classification of devas (gods). In the Saudharma-kalpa, bodily coition is still performed and the associated leśyā is fiery. There are ten such kalpas being ruled over by sixty-four Indras (heavenly kings).

In Jain iconography, the associated animal symbol of the Saudharmakalpa is an antelope (prakrit: miya, sanskrit: mṛga). These animals are depicted in a cosmological text of the Śvetāmbara tradition known as the Saṃgrahaṇīratna (“jewel of the compilation”), also known as the Trailokyadīpikā (“illumination of the triple world”), written by Śrīcandra in the 12th century.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Saudharmakalpa in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saudharmakalpa (ಸೌಧರ್ಮಕಲ್ಪ):—[noun] = ಸೌಧರ್ಮ [saudharma].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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