Saugandhika, Saugandhikā, Saugamdhika: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Saugandhika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Saugandhika in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Saugandhika (सौगन्धिक) or Saugandhikavana is the name of a sacred place near Kailāsa, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.40.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada:—“[...] on seeing this mountain named Kailāsa, a great favourite of Śiva, Viṣṇu and other devas were surprised along with the excellent sages. [...] Near [Alakā] they saw the sylvan park Saugandhika which contained all kinds of trees. The sound originating from it was surprisingly divine. Outskirting it are the two holy rivers Nandā and Alakanandā that quelled sins by their mere sight”.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Saugandhika (सौगन्धिक).—A flower-garden of Kubera. It is assumed that Vāyu (the wind-god) carried fragrance from this garden and remained in the palace of Kubera, praising him. This garden was full of sweet-scented lotus (Saugandhika-flower). (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter, 10).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Saugandhika (सौगन्धिक).—A forest in Kailāsa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 6. 23 and 28.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Saugandhika in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Saugandhika (सौगंधिका): A plant that produced a very beautiful and fragrant flower that Bhima went to get for Draupadi.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Saugandhika in Jainism glossary
Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)

1) Saugandhikā (सौगन्धिका) refers to “sulphur”: a mineral that was typically mined, extracted and used (both domestic and industrial) in ancient India. Mining was an important industry at that time as well. It can also be spelled as Sugandhika. The Jaina canonical texts mention about the extraction of various kinds of minerals, metals and precious stones. The term ‘āgara’ occurring intire texts denotes the mines which provided many kinds of mineral products (e.g., saugandhika). The references in the texts of various professions and trade in metallic commodities clearly show a highly developed industry of mining and metallurgy in that period.

2) Saugandhikā (सौगन्धिका) refers to “ruby”, and is the name of a type of precious stone (gem or jewel) typically used in ancient India. Both the king (rājan) and the people used to keep previous stones as a part of their wealth and affluence. The king’s mansion was studded with precious stones of various kinds. The rich people possessed them in large quantity and used them in ornaments and for other purposes. The courtesans (gaṇiya) possessed costly jewels and their chambers were adorned with precious jewels. The palanquins of the kings, nobles and rich persons (śreṣṭhins) were inlaid with costly gems.

There were persons expert in the field of gem and jewels (e.g., saugandhikā) called maṇikāras (jewellers). There is a reference of maṇikāra-śreṣṭhin in Rājagṛha who had abundant gems and jewels. Various ornaments of pearls and jewels are mentioned in the texts viz. Kaṇagāvali (necklace of gold and gems), rayaṇāvali (necklace of jewels), muttāvali (necklace of pearls), etc. The above description of the various agricultural, agro-based, mining or forestry occupations clearly depicts the high level of perfection achieved in the respective fields.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Saugandhika.—cf. Prakrit Sagandhaka (EI 18); a dealer in scents or superintendent of the perfumery. Note: saugandhika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Saugandhika in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saugandhika (सौगन्धिक).—a. (- or - f.) Sweet-scented, fragrant.

-kaḥ 1 A dealear in perfumes, perfumer.

2) Sulphur.

3) A sexually weak man (who is stimulated by the smell of the female organs).

4) A kind of worm infesting the bowels.

-kam 1 The white water-lily; गृहेषु नानोपवनामलाम्भःसरस्सु सौगन्धिककाननेषु (gṛheṣu nānopavanāmalāmbhaḥsarassu saugandhikakānaneṣu) Bhāg.9.6.45.

2) The blue lotus.

3) A kind of fragrant grass (kattṛṇa).

4) A ruby.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Saugandhikā (सौगन्धिका).—(Sanskrit °dhika, nt., Lex. also °dhaka; Pali sogandhika, nt.; compare next), a kind of water-lily: Mahāvastu i.308.5 (prose), in a [compound] list of water-plants.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saugandhika (सौगन्धिक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā or -kī-kaṃ) Fragrant, odorous. n.

(-kaṃ) 1. The white water-lily, (Nymphæa lotus.) 2. A fragrant grass: see kattṛṇa. 3 A ruby. 4. The blue lotus. m.

(-kaḥ) 1. Sulphur. 2. A dealer in perfumes. E. su pleasant, gandha smell, and ṭhak added.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saugandhika (सौगन्धिक).—i. e. saugandha + ika, I. adj. Fragrant, [Nala] 13. 2. Ii. m. 1. A dealer in perfumes. 2. Sulphur. Iii. n. 1. The white water lily, [Indralokāgamana] 2, 2. 2. A fragrant grass. 3. A ruby.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saugandhika (सौगन्धिक).—[adjective] sweet-scented, fragrant; [neuter] a white (or blue) water-lily.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saugandhika (सौगन्धिक):—[from saugandha] mfn. sweet-scented, fragrant, [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a dealer in perfumes, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a sexually weak man (who is stimulated by the smell of the female organs), [Suśruta]

4) [v.s. ...] a kind of worm infesting the bowels, [Caraka]

5) [v.s. ...] m. (also n.) sulphur, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] m. Name of a mountain, [Catalogue(s)]

7) Saugandhikā (सौगन्धिका):—[from saugandhika > saugandha] a f. See below

8) Saugandhika (सौगन्धिक):—[from saugandha] n. a white or blue water-lily, [Vāsavadattā; Jātakamālā]

9) [v.s. ...] a kind of fragrant grass (= kat-tṛṇa), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] a kind of Ocimum, [Suśruta]

11) [v.s. ...] a kind of unguent, [Tāṇḍya-brāhmaṇa]

12) [v.s. ...] a ruby, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Hemādri’s Caturvarga-cintāmaṇi]

13) [v.s. ...] Name of a mountain, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

14) Saugandhikā (सौगन्धिका):—[from saugandha] b f. in [compound]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Saugandhika (सौगन्धिक):—[sau-gandhika] (kaṃ) 1. n. The white waterlily; fragrant grass; a ruby. m. Sulphur; dealer in perfumes. a. Fragrant.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saugandhika (सौगन्धिक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Sogaṃdhia, Sogaṃdhiyā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Saugandhika in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Saugandhika in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Saugaṃdhika (ಸೌಗಂಧಿಕ):—

1) [noun] = ಸೌಗಂಧಿ - [saugamdhi -] 1.

2) [noun] a man who sells perfumes.

3) [noun] the water lily Nymphaea alba of Nymphaeaceae family; red lotus plant.

4) [noun] its flower.

5) [noun] the grass Sorghum nitidum ( =Andropogon serratus) of Poaceae family with fragrant roots.

6) [noun] a small, hornless deer (Moschus moschiferus) of the uplands of central Asia, the male of which secretes musk and has tusk-like upper canines; a musk deer.

7) [noun] 'a non-metallic element that exists in several forms, the ordinary one being a yellow rhombic crystalline solid, and that burns with a blue flame and a suffocating odour; sulphur (symbol: S).'8) [noun] a clear, deep-red variety of corundum, valued as a precious stone; a ruby.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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