Saugandhika, aka: Saugandhikā; 7 Definition(s)

Introduction

Saugandhika means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Saugandhika in Purana glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Saugandhika (सौगन्धिक).—A flower-garden of Kubera. It is assumed that Vāyu (the wind-god) carried fragrance from this garden and remained in the palace of Kubera, praising him. This garden was full of sweet-scented lotus (Saugandhika-flower). (Mahābhārata Sabhā Parva, Chapter, 10).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

Saugandhika (सौगन्धिक).—A forest in Kailāsa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IV. 6. 23 and 28.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Saugandhika in Hinduism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Saugandhika (सौगंधिका): A plant that produced a very beautiful and fragrant flower that Bhima went to get for Draupadi.

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Saugandhika in Jainism glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

1) Saugandhikā (सौगन्धिका) refers to “sulphur”: a mineral that was typically mined, extracted and used (both domestic and industrial) in ancient India. Mining was an important industry at that time as well. It can also be spelled as Sugandhika. The Jaina canonical texts mention about the extraction of various kinds of minerals, metals and precious stones. The term ‘āgara’ occurring intire texts denotes the mines which provided many kinds of mineral products (eg., saugandhika). The references in the texts of various professions and trade in metallic commodities clearly show a highly developed industry of mining and metallurgy in that period.

2) Saugandhikā (सौगन्धिका) refers to “ruby”, and is the name of a type of precious stone (gem or jewel) typically used in ancient India. Both the king (rājan) and the people used to keep previous stones as a part of their wealth and affluence. The king’s mansion was studded with precious stones of various kinds. The rich people possessed them in large quantity and used them in ornaments and for other purposes. The courtesans (gaṇiya) possessed costly jewels and their chambers were adorned with precious jewels. The palanquins of the kings, nobles and rich persons (śreṣṭhins) were inlaid with costly gems.

There were persons expert in the field of gem and jewels (eg., saugandhikā) called maṇikāras (jewellers). There is a reference of maṇikāra-śreṣṭhin in Rājagṛha who had abundant gems and jewels. Various ornaments of pearls and jewels are mentioned in the texts viz. Kaṇagāvali (necklace of gold and gems), rayaṇāvali (necklace of jewels), muttāvali (necklace of pearls), etc. The above description of the various agricultural, agro-based, mining or forestry occupations clearly depicts the high level of perfection achieved in the respective fields.

Source: archive.org: Economic Life In Ancient India (as depicted in Jain canonical literature)
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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India history and geogprahy

Saugandhika in India history glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Saugandhika.—cf. Prakrit Sagandhaka (EI 18); a dealer in scents or superintendent of the perfumery. Note: saugandhika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Saugandhika in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [S] · next »

Saugandhika (सौगन्धिक).—a. (- or - f.) Sweet-scented, fragrant.

-kaḥ 1 A dealear in perfumes, perfumer.

2) Sulphur.

3) A sexually weak man (who is stimulated by the smell of the female organs).

4) A kind of worm infesting the bowels.

-kam 1 The white water-lily; गृहेषु नानोपवनामलाम्भःसरस्सु सौगन्धिककाननेषु (gṛheṣu nānopavanāmalāmbhaḥsarassu saugandhikakānaneṣu) Bhāg.9.6.45.

2) The blue lotus.

3) A kind of fragrant grass (kattṛṇa).

4) A ruby.

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

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