Samanaska: 6 definitions

Introduction:

Samanaska means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samanaska in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Samanaska (समनस्क) refers to “one who is mindful” (as opposed to Amanaska —‘one who is mindless’), according to the Kaṭhopaniṣat 3.7-8.—Accordingly, while describing the metaphor of the Self (ātman) as the owner of the chariot: “[That charioteer] who has not discerned [the supreme Brahma], who is mindless (amanaska) [of it] and constantly impure, he does not obtain that [supreme] state and goes [on living in] the cycle of life and death. However, the one who has discerned [the supreme Brahma], who is mindful (samanaska) [of it] and constantly pure, goes to the [supreme] state from which he is not born again [into the cycle of life and death”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

[«previous next»] — Samanaska in Jainism glossary
Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 2: the Category of the living

Samanaska (समनस्क, “with mind”) refers to one of the two types of empirical souls (saṃsārī), according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra 2.11. The pure soul bonded with karmas is called empirical soul (saṃsārī) and represents a type of Jīva (sentients, souls).

What is the meaning of ‘with mind’ (samanaska)? The living beings with the faculty of mind are called samanaska. There are two types of mind namely matter /physical (dravya) and psychic (bhāva).

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samanaska in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samanaska (समनस्क).—[adjective] unanimous.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Samanaska (समनस्क):—[=sa-manaska] [from sa-manas] mfn. unanimous, [Kaṭha-upaniṣad; Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

[Sanskrit to German]

Samanaska in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samanaska in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Samanaska (ಸಮನಸ್ಕ):—

1) [noun] a man having unanimity of opinion with another or others.

2) [noun] (jain.) a being having the mental faculty.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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