Unmana, Unmāna, Unmānā: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Unmana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Google Books: The Theory of Citrasutras in Indian Painting

Unmāna (one of the six types of measurement (māna)) is the measurement of the elevation or thickness, such as the height fo the breasts or of the nose.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (śilpa)

Unmāna (उन्मान) refers to the “thickness of the icon” and represents a type of measurement, as defined in the texts dealing with śilpa (arts and crafs), known as śilpaśāstras.—The measurements described in Sanskrit authorities are altogether of six kinds: māna (the proper height of the icon), pramāna (the breadth), unmāna (thickness), parimāṇa (the circumference), upamāna (the space between the limbs) and lambamāna (surface of the image).

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Wisdom Library: Vāstu-śāstra

Unmāna (उन्मान):—One of the “six iconographic measurements”, according to the Mānasāra (sanskrit literary treatise on vāstu-śāstra, or, ‘architectural science’). The measurement unit is used in the process of procuring/securing the height of the principal image and secondary images. Breadth, circumference, and other dimensions are derived from the height using rules of proportion.

Vastushastra book cover
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Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Unmanā (उन्मना) (lit., “without mind”) refers to “she who is the Transmental”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “[...] The Śiva principle is the first. Sound is another and is the second. The third is the End of Sound. Śakti is another and is the fourth. The Pervasive One is said to be the fifth. The sixth is the plane of oneness (samarasa). By abandoning (these) six, there is liberation in the seventh (plane) where she, the Transmental [i.e., Unmanā], is the supreme (goddess—Parā). [...]”.

2) Unmanā (उन्मना, “transmental”) refers to one of the seventeen stages of the rise of kuṇḍalinī, according to Abhinavagupta as drawn from the Devyāyāmala.—Cf. The seventeen syllables [i.e., saptadaśākṣara] of Mantramātā.—[...] These seventeen units [are] to be arranged in as many locations along the axis of the subtle body,  [as was] clearly known to Abhinava. Thus he presents an ascending series marking the stages of the rise of Kuṇḍalinī, the highest stage of which is that of the ‘Pure Self’ heralded by the Transmental just below it. In this set-up, drawn by Abhinavagupta from the Devyāyāmala, there are seventeen stages. These are [e.g., the Transmental (unmanā), ...].

Jayaratha quotes this [Devyāyāmala] Tantra as a source of [Kālasaṃkarṣiṇī’s] Vidyā consisting of seventeen syllables. As the Devyāyāmala tells us that these places are related to the recitation of mantra, we may conclude that the seventeen syllables are contemplated in these seventeen places [e.g., Transmental (unmanā)]. Accordingly, the Wheel of the Self can be said to be at the end of (i.e. after) the sixteen [i.e., ṣoḍaśānta].

3) Unmanā (उन्मना) refers to the “transmental”, representing one of the “sixteen stations of the ascent of kuṇḍalinī”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—Accordingly, “[...] (15) What is above that travels upwards. It is the Transmental (unmanā), which is said to be supreme. Like the radiance of (divine) light, it is subtle, without waves and perpetually manifest (sadoditā). [...] (Perfect) contemplation (samādhi) is with (these) sixteen aspects and is (attained) within the form of the sixfold deposition (ṣoḍhānyāsa). He who knows this is (a veritable) Lord of Yogis, the others (who do not) are (just) quoting from books. Once attained the plane that is Void and Non-void, the yogi is freed from bondage”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Unmāna.—(IE 8-6; EI 15, 21, 29), name of a small land measure; same as udāna or udamāna (q. v.). Note: unmāna is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

unmana (उन्मन).—a (Poetry.) Escaped from consciousness of personality and swallowed up in the Deity or in Divine contemplation; absorbed in the state unmanī q. v. infra. Ex. pāhatāṃ mana u0 hōya ||

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unmāna (उन्मान).—n S Weighing. 2 Quantity determined by weighing, weight. 3 A mass by which, as the standard, bodies are weighed, a weight. 4 A balance.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Unmāna (उन्मान).—

1) Weighing, measuring; ऊर्ध्वमानं किलोन्मानम् (ūrdhvamānaṃ kilonmānam); Mahābhārata V.1.19 Vart.

2) A measure of size or quantity.

3) Price.

4) Measurement of thickness or diameter.

Derivable forms: unmānam (उन्मानम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Unmāna (उन्मान).—m.

(-naḥ) A measure of size or quantity. E. ut and to measure, lyuṭ aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Unmana (उन्मन):—m. a particular measure of quantity (= droṇa), [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

2) Unmāna (उन्मान):—[=un-māna] [from un-mā] n. measure, measure of altitude or longitude, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā; Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhajjātaka] [commentator or commentary] on [Pāṇini]

3) [v.s. ...] weight

4) [v.s. ...] value, price, worth, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] m. a particular measure of quantity (= unmana q.v.), [Śārṅgadhara-saṃhitā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Unmāna (उन्मान):—[unmā+na] (naḥ) 1. m. Measure.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Unmāna (उन्मान) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ummāṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Unmana in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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