Sakama, Sakāma: 14 definitions


Sakama means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Sakāma (सकाम) refers to “lustful eyes”, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.6. Accordingly, as Sandhyā said to Śiva:—“[...] no creation of mine shall become lustful (sakāma) or fall anywhere degraded. He who becomes my husband shall be my intimate friend of pure mind. Any person who looks at me with lustful eyes (sakāma) shall lose his manliness and become a eunuch”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Pure Bhakti: Bhagavad-gita (4th edition)

Sakāma (सकाम) refers to “with desire”. (cf. Glossary page from Śrīmad-Bhagavad-Gītā).

Source: Pure Bhakti: Brhad Bhagavatamrtam

Sakāma (सकाम) refers to:—With desire; materially motivated. (cf. Glossary page from Śrī Bṛhad-bhāgavatāmṛta).

Vaishnavism book cover
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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions

Sakāma (सकाम) refers to “those who desire (enjoyments and supernatural powers)”, according to the Jñānaratnāvalī, (p. 266).—Accordingly, “In that case, the naiṣṭḥikī initiation is divided into one for those who desire (sakāma) [enjoyments and supernatural powers] and one for those who don’t”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Sakāma (सकाम) refers to “what is intentional”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “On account of the difference between what is intentional and unintentional (sakāma-akāma-bheda), wearing away karma has two varieties which are the cause for cutting off the many chains produced by actions. Just as fruits of a tree ripen of their own accord and from [different] means so in this world [the ripening] of karmas is to be understood as [being] of its own accord in the form of [different] means.”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sakāma (सकाम).—a (S) That has the desires of the flesh and the mind; that is not an ascetic or a subdued sage. 2 Of which the object is private profit or benefit, interested--an act performed. 3 That has the sexual passion, or that is under the excitation of it.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sakāma (सकाम).—a That has the desires of the flesh and the mind. That has the sexual passion. Of which the object is private profit or benefit-an act performed.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Sakāma (सकाम).—a.

1) Full of love, impassioned, loving.

2) Lustful, amorous.

3) One who has got his desired object satisfied, contented; काम इदानीं सकामो भवतु (kāma idānīṃ sakāmo bhavatu) Ś.4; किमन्यत् सकामा कपालकुण्डला (kimanyat sakāmā kapālakuṇḍalā) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 9.

-mam ind.

1) With pleasure.

2) Contentedly.

3) Assuredly, indeed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sakāma (सकाम).—f.

(-mā) 1. Full of love. 2. Lustful. 3. One who has obtained his wish, satisfied.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sakāma (सकाम).—I. adj. 1. one who has attained his desire, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 52, 52. 2. being in love, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 6, 2. Ii. -mam, adv. 1. with pleasure, [Pañcatantra] 44, 9. 2. indeed, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 195, 4 (for aught I care).

Sakāma is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms sa and kāma (काम).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Sakāma (सकाम).—[adjective] satisfying wishes or having a wish satisfied; content, willing; enamoured.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Sakāma (सकाम):—[=sa-kāma] [from sa > sa-kaṅkaṭa] mf(ā)n. satisfying desires, [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Rāmāyaṇa]

2) [v.s. ...] having one’s wishes fulfilled, satisfied, contented, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] consenting, willing (said of a girl), [Viṣṇu-smṛti, viṣṇu-sūtra, vaiṣṇava-dharma-śāstra; Manu-smṛti; Yājñavalkya]

4) [v.s. ...] (ifc.) wishing, desirous of [Śiśupāla-vadha]

5) [v.s. ...] acting on purpose or with free will, [Tithyāditya]

6) [v.s. ...] full of love, loving, a lover, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

7) [v.s. ...] betraying love (as speech), [Pañcatantra]

[Sanskrit to German]

Sakama in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Sakāma (सकाम) [Also spelled sakam]:—(a) desirous, inspired by a desire; lustful; [] state of being desirous or inspired by desire; lustfulness; —[bhakti] devotion with an ulterior motive.

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