Rudanti, Rudantī, Rudamti: 8 definitions


Rudanti means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Rudantī (रुदन्ती) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant identified with two possibly species verse, according to verse 5.60-62 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Note: Chopra and Bāpālāl identify Rudantī with  Cressa cretica Linn. having support from Nāḍkarṇī, while P.V.S. identifies Rudantī with Capparis moonii.

Rudantī is mentioned as having seven synonyms: Sravattoyā, Sañjīvanī, Amṛtasravā, Romāñcikā, Mahāmāṃsī, Caṇapatrī and Sudhāsravā.

Properties and characteristics: “Rudantī is pungent (kaṭu), bitter (tikta) and hot (uṣṇa). It quells tuberculosis and worms. It cures bleeding disorders (raktapitta), asthma and diseases due to kapha. It is rejuvenating (rasāyanī) and cures obstinate urinary disorders including diabeties [diabetes?] (meha).—The shrub and leaves of Rudantī are just like that of gram and are sour in taste. In śiśira-ṛtu drops of water come out of it, giving an impression of tears due to weeping, so it is called Rudantikā”.

Kalpa (Formulas, Drug prescriptions and other Medicinal preparations)

Source: Science And Technology In Medievel India (kalpa)

Rudantī (रुदन्ती) or Rudantīkalpa refers to Kalpa (medicinal preparation) described in the Auṣadhikalpa, as mentioned in A. Rahman’s Science and Technology in Medievel India: A bibliography of source materials in Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian.—Ancient and medieval India produced a wide range of scientific manuscripts and major contributions lie in the field of medicine, astronomy and mathematics, besides covering encyclopedic glossaries and technical dictionaries.—The Auṣadhikalpa is a medical work of the type of Materia Medica giving twenty-six medical preparations [e.g., Rudantī-kalpa] to be used as patent medicines against various diseases.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Rudantī (रुदन्ती) refers to “lamenting”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.22 (“Description of Pārvatī’s penance”).—Accordingly, after Menā spoke to Pārvatī: “[...] Oh dear, that Himalayan ridge devoid of Śiva was painfully seen by Pārvatī, the mother of the universe, the daughter of the mountain. She stood for a while in the place where formerly Śiva had performed penance and became dispirited by the pangs of separation. Crying aloud ‘Alas O Śiva’ she, the daughter of the mountain, lamented [i.e., rudantī] sorrowfully and anxiously. [...]”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Rudantī (रुदन्ती) refers to one of the twenty-four Ḍākinīs positioned at the padma (lotus) in the middle of the Herukamaṇḍala, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, between the west and south (of the heruka-maṇḍala) are six Ḍākinīs who are half red and half yellow in color. They [viz., Rudantī] are headed by the major four Ḍākinīs of the Cakrasaṃvara tradition. They stand in the Pratyālīḍha posture and, except for the body posture, their physical features and objects that they hold are the same as Vajravārāhīs.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Rudanti [रुदन्ती] in the Sanskrit language is the name of a plant identified with Capparis moonii Wight from the Capparaceae (Caper) family. For the possible medicinal usage of rudanti, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Rudanti in the Urdu language is the name of a plant identified with Cressa cretica from the Convolvulaceae (Morning glory) family.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Rudanti in India is the name of a plant defined with Astragalus rhizanthus in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Astragalus rhizanthus subsp. candolleanus (Royle ex Benth.) Podlech (among others).

2) Rudanti is also identified with Cressa cretica It has the synonym Cressa australis R. Br..

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Fl. Tropical Africa, Convolvulaceae (1963)
· of the Himalayan Mountains (1835)
· Prodromus Systematis Naturalis Regni Vegetabilis (1825)
· Diagnoses plantarum orientalium novarum (1843)
· Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. (1810)
· Species Plantarum (1753)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Rudanti, for example side effects, health benefits, pregnancy safety, diet and recipes, extract dosage, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rudantī (रुदन्ती):—[from rud] f. ‘weeper’, Name of a species of small succulent plant (= amṛta-sravā), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Rudaṃti (ರುದಂತಿ):—[noun] a species of small succulent plant.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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