Samjivani, Saṃjīvanī, Sañjīvanī: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Samjivani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samjivani in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Saṃjīvanī (संजीवनी) refers to the “vivifier”, according to the Tantrāloka:—Accordingly, “[...] Now the Moon (of objectivity), consisting of sixteen energies, shining radiantly, desiring to devour (its) emission (visarga), (its seventeenth aspect known as) the Vivifier (saṃjīvanī) emits the nectar of immortality (amṛta) into the fire of (individual) consciousness (bodha). That indeed is the divine nectar (that drips from) the tip of the sacrificial ladle made of the powers of will, knowledge and action (that flow through) the subtle channels (of the senses) as a libation to the goddesses of consciousness, (the sacred powers of the senses). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Samjivani in Ayurveda glossary
Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Sañjīvanī (सञ्जीवनी) is another name for Rudantī, a medicinal plant identified with two possibly species, according to verse 5.60-62 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Sañjīvanī and Rudantī, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant. Note: Chopra and Bāpālāl identify Rudantī with  Cressa cretica Linn. having support from Nāḍkarṇī, while P.V.S. identifies Rudantī with Capparis moonii.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Samjivani in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Sanjīvanī (संजीवनी):Sanjeevani is a magical herb (Selaginella bryopteris) mentioned in the Ramayana when, Lakshmana is badly wounded and is nearly killed by Ravana. Hanuman was called upon to fetch this herb from the mount Dronagiri a.k.a. Mahodaya in the Himalayas. Sushena took the life-giving plant and made Lakshman to smell its savour, so that he rose up whole and well.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samjivani in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sañjīvanī (संजीवनी).—f (S) The art or science of restoring a dead body to life. 2 A plant to which is ascribed this power.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sañjīvanī (संजीवनी).—f The art of restoring a dead body to life. A plant to which such power is ascribed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samjivani in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Saṃjīvanī (संजीवनी) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—lex. Burnell. 48^b.

2) Saṃjīvanī (संजीवनी):—Mallinātha’s commentaries on the Kumārasambhava, Meghadūta and Raghuvaṃśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃjīvanī (संजीवनी):—[=saṃ-jīvanī] [from saṃ-jīvana > saṃ-jīva > saṃ-jīv] f. a kind of plant (= rudantī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([varia lectio] jīvinī)

2) [v.s. ...] making alive, causing life, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of elixir, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a lexicon and of Mallinātha’s Commentaries on the Kumāra-sambhava, Megha-dūta, and Raghu-vaṃśa

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃjīvanī (संजीवनी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃjīvaṇī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samjivani in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Saṃjīvanī (संजीवनी) [Also spelled sanjivani]:—(nf) an elixir; a kind of plant with powers to reanimate/revive or restore the dead to life; also —[būṭī].

2) Sanjivani in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) an elixir; a kind of plant with powers to reanimate/revive or restore the dead to life; also —[buti]..—sanjivani (संजीवनी) is alternatively transliterated as Saṃjīvanī.

context information

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Prakrit-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samjivani in Prakrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Saṃjīvaṇī (संजीवणी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saṃjīvanī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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