Samjivani, Saṃjīvanī, Sañjīvanī: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Samjivani means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Samjivani in Ayurveda glossary

Nighantu (Synonyms and Characteristics of Drugs and technical terms)

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Sañjīvanī (सञ्जीवनी) is another name for Rudantī, a medicinal plant identified with two possibly species, according to verse 5.60-62 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. The fifth chapter (parpaṭādi-varga) of this book enumerates sixty varieties of smaller plants (kṣudra-kṣupa). Together with the names Sañjīvanī and Rudantī, there are a total of sixteen Sanskrit synonyms identified for this plant. Note: Chopra and Bāpālāl identify Rudantī with  Cressa cretica Linn. having support from Nāḍkarṇī, while P.V.S. identifies Rudantī with Capparis moonii.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Samjivani in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Saṃjīvanī (संजीवनी) refers to the “vivifier”, according to the Tantrāloka:—Accordingly, “[...] Now the Moon (of objectivity), consisting of sixteen energies, shining radiantly, desiring to devour (its) emission (visarga), (its seventeenth aspect known as) the Vivifier (saṃjīvanī) emits the nectar of immortality (amṛta) into the fire of (individual) consciousness (bodha). That indeed is the divine nectar (that drips from) the tip of the sacrificial ladle made of the powers of will, knowledge and action (that flow through) the subtle channels (of the senses) as a libation to the goddesses of consciousness, (the sacred powers of the senses). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous next»] — Samjivani in Hinduism glossary
Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Sanjīvanī (संजीवनी):Sanjeevani is a magical herb (Selaginella bryopteris) mentioned in the Ramayana when, Lakshmana is badly wounded and is nearly killed by Ravana. Hanuman was called upon to fetch this herb from the mount Dronagiri a.k.a. Mahodaya in the Himalayas. Sushena took the life-giving plant and made Lakshman to smell its savour, so that he rose up whole and well.

Biology (plants and animals)

[«previous next»] — Samjivani in Biology glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Sanjivani [संजीवनी] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Polygala arvensis Willd. from the Polygalaceae (Milkwort) family having the following synonyms: Polygala chinensis, Polygala brachystachya, Polygala procumbens. For the possible medicinal usage of sanjivani, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Sanjivani in India is the name of a plant defined with Cressa cretica in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Cressa australis R. Br..

2) Sanjivani is also identified with Polygala arvensis It has the synonym Polygala arvensis Wall. (etc.).

3) Sanjivani is also identified with Selaginella bryopteris It has the synonym Lycopodium imbricatum Forssk. (etc.).

4) Sanjivani is also identified with Selaginella imbricata.

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Fl. Tropical Africa, Convolvulaceae (1963)
· Journal of Botany (1884)
· Prodr. Fl. Nov. Holland. (1810)
· Mémoires de la Société de Physique et d’Histoire Naturelle de Genève (1893)
· Hortus Bengalensis, or ‘a Catalogue of the Plants Growing in the Hounourable East India Company's Botanical Garden at Calcutta’ (1814)
· Archives du Muséum d’Histoire Naturelle (1842)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Sanjivani, for example chemical composition, diet and recipes, side effects, extract dosage, pregnancy safety, health benefits, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
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This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samjivani in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

sañjīvanī (संजीवनी).—f (S) The art or science of restoring a dead body to life. 2 A plant to which is ascribed this power.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

sañjīvanī (संजीवनी).—f The art of restoring a dead body to life. A plant to which such power is ascribed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samjivani in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Saṃjīvanī (संजीवनी) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—lex. Burnell. 48^b.

2) Saṃjīvanī (संजीवनी):—Mallinātha’s commentaries on the Kumārasambhava, Meghadūta and Raghuvaṃśa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Saṃjīvanī (संजीवनी):—[=saṃ-jīvanī] [from saṃ-jīvana > saṃ-jīva > saṃ-jīv] f. a kind of plant (= rudantī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([varia lectio] jīvinī)

2) [v.s. ...] making alive, causing life, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

3) [v.s. ...] a kind of elixir, [ib.]

4) [v.s. ...] Name of a lexicon and of Mallinātha’s Commentaries on the Kumāra-sambhava, Megha-dūta, and Raghu-vaṃśa

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Saṃjīvanī (संजीवनी) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Saṃjīvaṇī.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samjivani in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Saṃjīvanī (संजीवनी) [Also spelled sanjivani]:—(nf) an elixir; a kind of plant with powers to reanimate/revive or restore the dead to life; also —[būṭī].

2) Sanjivani in Hindi refers in English to:—(nf) an elixir; a kind of plant with powers to reanimate/revive or restore the dead to life; also —[buti]..—sanjivani (संजीवनी) is alternatively transliterated as Saṃjīvanī.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Samjivani in Prakrit glossary
Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

Saṃjīvaṇī (संजीवणी) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Saṃjīvanī.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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