Ruddha: 14 definitions
Ruddha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Alternative spellings of this word include Ruddh.
Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism
Ruddha (रुद्ध, “obstructed”) refers to one of the sixty defects of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these defects [e.g., ruddha—obstructed], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. [...] Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...]”.
Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.
Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira
Ruddha (रुद्ध) refers to “dimmed (sight)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The dark spots, also known as ketus, the sons of Rāhu are Tāmasa, Kīlaka and the like, and are 33 in number. How they affect the earth depends upon their color, position and shape. [...] Even Ṛṣis, reduced to mere skeletons by starvation, giving up their pious course of life, with fleshless infants in their arms. Deprived of their property by highway men, with long sighs, closed eyes, emaciated bodies, and with their sight dimmed [i.e., ruddha-dṛśa] with the tears of sorrow will proceed with difficulty to other lands”.
Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.
General definition (in Jainism)Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections
Ruddha (रुद्ध) refers to “(eyes) filled (with anger)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Those who are former friends (i.e. friends in a former life) are seen in life here endowed with enmity, having eyes filled with anger (ruddha-akṣa—krodha-ruddhākṣa) [and] prepared to kill”.
Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.
Languages of India and abroad
Pali-English dictionarySource: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary
ruddha : (pp. of rujjhati) was obstructed or prevented. (pp. of rundhati), prevented; obstructed; besieged; imprisoned.Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Ruddha, (pp. of rundhati) 1. obstructed, disturbed Dāvs 4, 46.—2. at J. V, 425 & 431 in cpd. su-ruddha it stands for rudda (q. v.).—Cp. upa°, ni°, paṭi° paṭivi°, vi°. (Page 573)
Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.
Marathi-English dictionarySource: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
ruddha (रुद्ध).—p S Hindered, impeded, obstructed. 2 Blocked up, closed, stopped. 3 Engaged or occupied at, in, with.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Sanskrit dictionarySource: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
Ruddha (रुद्ध).—p. p.
1) Obstructed, impeded, opposed.
2) Besieged, enclosed, hemmed.
3) Shut up.
4) Kept, detained.
5) Held, withheld.
-ddhā A siege.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
(-ddhaḥ-ddhā-ddhaṃ) 1. Surrounded, begirt, as with a fence or river, &c. 2. Secured, protected from access. 3. Obstructed, stopped, shut up. 4. Opposed, impeded. 5. Besieged, invested, olockaded. f.
(-ddhā) A siege. E. rudh to close, &c. aff. kta .Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Ruddha (रुद्ध):—a etc. See [column]2.
2) [from rudh] b mfn. obstructed, checked, stopped, suppressed, kept back, withheld, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.
3) [v.s. ...] shut, closed, covered, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.
4) [v.s. ...] invested, besieged, blockaded, [Rāmāyaṇa; Pañcatantra]
5) [v.s. ...] secured, held, taken possession of [Kāvya literature; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]
6) [v.s. ...] obstructed in its effect, ineffectual (as a spell), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]
7) Ruddhā (रुद्धा):—[from ruddha > rudh] f. a siege, [Horace H. Wilson]
8) Ruddha (रुद्ध):—[from rudh] n. ([probably]) Name of a town, [Catalogue(s)]Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary
Ruddha (रुद्ध):—[(ddhaḥ-ddhā-ddhaṃ) a.] Surrounded; secured; stopped; opposed; hindered; besieged. f. A siege.Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)
Ruddha (रुद्ध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Utthaṃghia.
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
Hindi dictionarySource: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary
Ruddha (रुद्ध) [Also spelled ruddh]:—(a) hindered, obstructed, stopped; choked; ~[kaṃṭha] having a choked throat.
Kannada-English dictionarySource: Alar: Kannada-English corpus
1) [adjective] obstructed; checked; arrested; restrained; opposed.
2) [adjective] covered from all or almost all sides; encirciled; surrounded.
3) [adjective] closed; shut; prevented from entering in or going out.
--- OR ---
Ruddha (ರುದ್ಧ):—[noun] the act or condition of obstructing; obstruction; arrest; restraint; opposition.
Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Ruddhadrish, Ruddhadrisha, Ruddhagir, Ruddhaka, Ruddhaksha, Ruddhaloka, Ruddhamukha, Ruddhamutra, Ruddhanetra, Ruddhapangaprasara, Ruddhapravaha, Ruddhatatabhimukhya, Ruddhavadana, Ruddhavaktra, Ruddhavasudha, Ruddhavirya.
Ends with (+79): Abhikruddha, Abhisamkruddha, Acaraviruddha, Agamaviruddha, Agniviruddha, Anaparuddha, Anatikruddha, Anavaruddha, Aniruddha, Antahkruddha, Anuruddha, Anutpannaniruddha, Anyonyaviruddha, Aparuddha, Aruddha, Asamkruddha, Atikruddha, Atisamkruddha, Avaruddha, Avasthaviruddha.
Full-text (+68): Utthamghia, Aruddha, Kararuddha, Uparuddha, Viruddhata, Viruddham, Ruddhavaktra, Ruddhamutra, Niruddha, Avaruddha, Anuruddha, Pratiruddha, Viruddha, Ruddhapravaha, Ruddhavirya, Viruddhadhi, Niruddhaprakasha, Viruddhasiddhantagrantharahasya, Viruddhagrantharahasya, Viruddhabhojana.
Search found 15 books and stories containing Ruddha, Ruddhā; (plurals include: Ruddhas, Ruddhās). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
Rig Veda (translation and commentary) (by H. H. Wilson)
Bhakti-rasamrta-sindhu (by Śrīla Rūpa Gosvāmī)
Verse 2.3.23 < [Part 3 - Involuntary Ecstatic Expressions (sattvika-bhāva)]
Verse 3.2.36 < [Part 2 - Affection and Service (dāsya-rasa)]
Verse 3.2.92 < [Part 2 - Affection and Service (dāsya-rasa)]
Garga Samhita (English) (by Danavir Goswami)
Verse 5.2.16 < [Chapter 2 - The Killing of Keśī]
Verse 6.7.29 < [Chapter 7 - The Marriage of Śrī Rukmiṇī]
Manusmriti with the Commentary of Medhatithi (by Ganganatha Jha)
Chaitanya Bhagavata (by Bhumipati Dāsa)
Verse 1.9.168 < [Chapter 9 - Nityānanda’s Childhood Pastimes and Travels to Holy Places]
Verse 2.1.389 < [Chapter 1 - The Beginning of the Lord’s Manifestation and His Instructions on Kṛṣṇa-saṅkīrtana]
Brihad Bhagavatamrita (commentary) (by Śrī Śrīmad Bhaktivedānta Nārāyana Gosvāmī Mahārāja)