Ruddha: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Ruddha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Ruddh.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Ruddha (रुद्ध, “obstructed”) refers to one of the sixty defects of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these defects [e.g., ruddha—obstructed], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. [...] Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Ruddha (रुद्ध) refers to “dimmed (sight)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The dark spots, also known as ketus, the sons of Rāhu are Tāmasa, Kīlaka and the like, and are 33 in number. How they affect the earth depends upon their color, position and shape. [...] Even Ṛṣis, reduced to mere skeletons by starvation, giving up their pious course of life, with fleshless infants in their arms. Deprived of their property by highway men, with long sighs, closed eyes, emaciated bodies, and with their sight dimmed [i.e., ruddha-dṛśa] with the tears of sorrow will proceed with difficulty to other lands”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Mantrashastra (the science of Mantras)

Source: Wisdom Library: Mantrashastra

Ruddha (रुद्ध) refers to one of the various mantradoṣa (“defects of mantras”), according to Tantric digests such as the Bṛhattantrasāra (part 4 page 814), Nāradapurāṇa (Nārada-mahā-purāṇa) (verses 64.14-58), Śaradātilaka (verses 2.71-108), Padārthādarśa and Śrīvidyārṇava-tantra.—Ruddha  is defined as “at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end is the seed mantra of the earth, pṛthivībīja laṃ”. [unverified translation!] The Mantra defect elimination methods consist in performing purification rites (saṃskāra).—See Kulārṇava-tantra verse 15.71-2 and Śaradātilaka verse 2.114-22.

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Mantrashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, mantraśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mantras—chants, incantations, spells, magical hymns, etc. Mantra Sastra literature includes many ancient books dealing with the methods reciting mantras, identifying and purifying its defects and the science behind uttering or chanting syllables.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

Source: archive.org: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Ruddha (रुद्ध) refers to “surrounding (the sun)”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the outlines of hawking]: “The arrangements should be made thus: From the very first watch of the night until the morning clouds of autumn surround (ruddha) the sun, a large number of soldiers should be posted far and wide on all sides to guard against intrusion of other people, while: the king himself, surrrounded by a few distinguished and faithful champions, [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Ruddha (रुद्ध) refers to “(eyes) filled (with anger)”, according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “Those who are former friends (i.e. friends in a former life) are seen in life here endowed with enmity, having eyes filled with anger (ruddha-akṣakrodha-ruddhākṣa) [and] prepared to kill”.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

ruddha : (pp. of rujjhati) was obstructed or prevented. (pp. of rundhati), prevented; obstructed; besieged; imprisoned.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Ruddha, (pp. of rundhati) 1. obstructed, disturbed Dāvs 4, 46.—2. at J. V, 425 & 431 in cpd. su-ruddha it stands for rudda (q. v.).—Cp. upa°, ni°, paṭi° paṭivi°, vi°. (Page 573)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

ruddha (रुद्ध).—p S Hindered, impeded, obstructed. 2 Blocked up, closed, stopped. 3 Engaged or occupied at, in, with.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ruddha (रुद्ध).—p. p.

1) Obstructed, impeded, opposed.

2) Besieged, enclosed, hemmed.

3) Shut up.

4) Kept, detained.

5) Held, withheld.

6) Covered.

-ddhā A siege.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ruddha (रुद्ध).—mfn.

(-ddhaḥ-ddhā-ddhaṃ) 1. Surrounded, begirt, as with a fence or river, &c. 2. Secured, protected from access. 3. Obstructed, stopped, shut up. 4. Opposed, impeded. 5. Besieged, invested, olockaded. f.

(-ddhā) A siege. E. rudh to close, &c. aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Ruddha (रुद्ध):—a etc. See [column]2.

2) [from rudh] b mfn. obstructed, checked, stopped, suppressed, kept back, withheld, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

3) [v.s. ...] shut, closed, covered, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

4) [v.s. ...] invested, besieged, blockaded, [Rāmāyaṇa; Pañcatantra]

5) [v.s. ...] secured, held, taken possession of [Kāvya literature; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

6) [v.s. ...] obstructed in its effect, ineffectual (as a spell), [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

7) Ruddhā (रुद्धा):—[from ruddha > rudh] f. a siege, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) Ruddha (रुद्ध):—[from rudh] n. ([probably]) Name of a town, [Catalogue(s)]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Ruddha (रुद्ध):—[(ddhaḥ-ddhā-ddhaṃ) a.] Surrounded; secured; stopped; opposed; hindered; besieged. f. A siege.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Ruddha (रुद्ध) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Utthaṃghia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Ruddha in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Ruddha (रुद्ध) [Also spelled ruddh]:—(a) hindered, obstructed, stopped; choked; ~[kaṃṭha] having a choked throat.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Ruddha (ರುದ್ಧ):—

1) [adjective] obstructed; checked; arrested; restrained; opposed.

2) [adjective] covered from all or almost all sides; encirciled; surrounded.

3) [adjective] closed; shut; prevented from entering in or going out.

--- OR ---

Ruddha (ರುದ್ಧ):—[noun] the act or condition of obstructing; obstruction; arrest; restraint; opposition.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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