Rai, Rāī: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Rai means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Jainism, Prakrit, Hindi, biology. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Local Names of Plants and Drugs

Rai [राई] in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Picea smithiana (Wall.) Boiss. from the Pinaceae (Pine) family having the following synonyms: Picea morinda. For the possible medicinal usage of rai, you can check this page for potential sources and references, although be aware that any some or none of the side-effects may not be mentioned here, wether they be harmful or beneficial to health.

Rai in the Hindi language is the name of a plant identified with Abies pindrow (Royle ex D.Don) Royle from the Pinaceae (Pine) family having the following synonyms: Abies himalayensis, Pinus pindrow, Pinus spectabilis var. pindrow.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Biology (plants and animals)

Source: Google Books: CRC World Dictionary (Regional names)

1) Rai in India is the name of a plant defined with Abies pindrow in various botanical sources. This page contains potential references in Ayurveda, modern medicine, and other folk traditions or local practices It has the synonym Pinus spectabilis D. Don var. pindrow (Royle ex D. Don) Vossin Putlitz & Meyer (among others).

2) Rai is also identified with Abies spectabilis It has the synonym Pinus webbiana Lindl. (etc.).

3) Rai is also identified with Callicarpa longifolia It has the synonym Callicarpa longifolia var. horsfieldii (Turcz.) Moldenke (etc.).

4) Rai is also identified with Rhizophora apiculata It has the synonym Rhizophora candelaria DC. (etc.).

5) Rai is also identified with Rhizophora mucronata It has the synonym Mangium candelarium Rumphius (etc.).

Example references for further research on medicinal uses or toxicity (see latin names for full list):

· Prodr. (DC.) (1828)
· Species Plantarum
· Pak. J. Pharm. Sci. (2007)
· J. Int. Conifer Preserv. Soc. (2008)
· Hist. Nat. des Végétaux - Phanérogames (1841)
· Taxon (1982)

If you are looking for specific details regarding Rai, for example diet and recipes, extract dosage, health benefits, pregnancy safety, side effects, chemical composition, have a look at these references.

Biology book cover
context information

This sections includes definitions from the five kingdoms of living things: Animals, Plants, Fungi, Protists and Monera. It will include both the official binomial nomenclature (scientific names usually in Latin) as well as regional spellings and variants.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

rāī (राई).—f (rājikā S) Mustard, Sinapis racemosa. rāīcā parvata karaṇēṃ To make a mountain of a molehill.

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rāī (राई).—f (rāji S Row.) A wood or thick grove.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

rāī (राई).—f Mustard. A wood or thick grove. rāīcā parvata karaṇēṃ To make a mountain of a mole-hill.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Rai (रै).—1 P. (rāyati)

1) To sound.

2) To bark at.

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Rai (रै).—m. [rāteḥ ḍaiḥ Uṇādi-sūtra 2.63] (Nom. rāḥ, rāyau rāyaḥ)

1) Wealth, property, riches; अग्ने नय सुपथा राये (agne naya supathā rāye) Īśop.18. रायः कलत्रं पशवः सुतादयः (rāyaḥ kalatraṃ paśavaḥ sutādayaḥ) Bhāgavata 7.7.39.

2) Gold.

3) A sound.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rai (रै).—r. 1st cl. (rāyati) To sound.

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Rai (रै).—m.

(-rāḥ) 1. Wealth property, substance. 2. Gold. 3. Sound, noise. E. to give, aff. ḍai.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rai (रै).—i. 1, [Parasmaipada.] To bark.

— Cf. [Latin] latrare.

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Rai (रै).— (cf. rayi), m. 1. Wealth, property, Chr. 287, 1 = [Rigveda.] i. 48, 1. 2. Gold.

— Cf. [Latin] res.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Rai (रै).—[masculine] ([feminine]) possession, wealth, riches.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rai (रै):—1. rai [class] 1. [Parasmaipada] ([Dhātupāṭha xxii, 23]) rāyati, to bark, bark at ([accusative]), [Ṛg-veda]

2) cf. [Latin] latrare; [Lithuanian] réti, lóti; [Slavonic or Slavonian] lajati; [Gothic] laian.

3) 2. rai m. ([nominative case] rās?) barking, sound, noise, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

4) 3. rai m. rarely f. ([from] √ [nominative case] rās [accusative] rāyam or rām [instrumental case] rāyā [dative case] rāye; [ablative] [genitive case] rāyas [locative case] rāyi; [dual number] rāyau, rābhyām, rāyos; [plural] [nominative case] rāyas; [accusative] rāyas, rāyas or rās; [instrumental case] rābhis; [dative case] [ablative] rābhyas [genitive case] rāyām [locative case] rāsu; cf. the cognate stems 3. and rayi and [Latin] rēs, rēm), property, possessions, goods, wealth, riches, [Ṛg-veda; Atharva-veda; Brāhmaṇa; ???; Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

5) ind. [gana] cādi

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Rai (रै):—rāyati 1. a. To sound.

2) (rāḥ) 4. m. Wealth; gold; noise.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Rai (रै) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: .

[Sanskrit to German]

Rai in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

1) Raī (रई):—(nf) a churn-staff.

2) Rāī (राई):—(nf) mustard; black mustard; -[kāī karanā] to shatter to pieces; to split into pieces; -[kā parvata/pahāḍa karanā/banānā] to make a mountain of a mole hill; -[nona utāranā] countering the effect of an evil glance (by moving mustard and salt round one’s head and consigning it to flames); —[bhara] very small particle; very small quantity; -[rattī karake] in the minutest details; -[rattī jānanā] to know each and every thing, to know the minutest details, to know every detail.

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Prakrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary

1) Rai (रै) in the Prakrit language is related to the Sanskrit word: Rati.

2) Rai (रै) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Ravi.

3) Rāi (राइ) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Rāji.

4) Rāi (राइ) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Rāgin.

5) Rāi (राइ) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Rājin.

6) Rāī (राई) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Rājī.

7) Rāī (राई) also relates to the Sanskrit word: Rātri.

context information

Prakrit is an ancient language closely associated with both Pali and Sanskrit. Jain literature is often composed in this language or sub-dialects, such as the Agamas and their commentaries which are written in Ardhamagadhi and Maharashtri Prakrit. The earliest extant texts can be dated to as early as the 4th century BCE although core portions might be older.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Rai (ರೈ):—

1) [noun] valuable possessions; much money, property, etc.; wealth; riches.

2) [noun] gold.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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