Raibhya: 9 definitions

Introduction:

Raibhya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Raibhya (रैभ्य) is the name of a sage who was in the company of Bharata when he recited the Nāṭyaveda them, according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 35. Accordingly, they asked the following questions, “O the best Brahmin (lit. the bull of the twice-born), tell us about the character of the god who appears in the Preliminaries (pūrvaraṅga). Why is the sound [of musical instruments] applied there? What purpose does it serve when applied? What god is pleased with this, and what does he do on being pleased? Why does the Director being himself clean, perform ablution again on the stage? How, O sir, the drama has come (lit. dropped) down to the earth from heaven? Why have your descendants come to be known as Śūdras?”.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Raibhya (रैभ्य).—A hermit who was famous in the Palace of Yudhiṣṭhira. Information about this hermit, found in the Mahābhārata is given below:

Raibhya who was a friend of Bharadvāja had two sons named Arvāvasu and Parāvasu. They were great scholars. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 135, Stanza 12).

Bharadvāja once forbade his son Yavakrīta from going to the hermitage of Raibhya. Getting angry at this, Raibhya struck his matted hair on the ground and created a wicked fairy and ordered her to kill Yavakrīta. Knowing this Bharadvāja ran to that place and cursed Raibhya that his eldest son would kill him.

Once Parāvasu, mistaking his father for a cruel animal killed him. By the effort of his second son Arvāvasu, Raibhya was brought to life again. (Mahābhārata Vana Parva, Chapter 138, Stanza 137).

Raibhya was the son of Aṅgiras. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva, Chapter 208, Stanza 26).

Raibhya was once an assistant at the sacrifice of Uparicaravasu. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 33, Stanza 7).

Raibhya was one of the hermits who visited Bhīṣma in his bed of arrows. (Mahābhārata Anuśāsana Parva, Chapter 26, Stanza 26).

2) Raibhya (रैभ्य).—An ancient hermit. This hermit learned the Sātvatadharma from Vīraṇa. After that he taught his son Dikpāla, this dharma. (Mahābhārata Śānti Parva. Chapter 343, Stanza 42).

3) Raibhya (रैभ्य).—The father of Duṣyanta, the husband of Śakuntalā. This Raibhya was the son of Sumati. (Bhāgavata, Skandha 9).

4) Raibhya (रैभ्य).—One of the sons of Brahmā. Once Raibhya went with Vasu and Aṅgiras to Bṛhaspati and asked him several questions, about the attainment of Supernal bliss. Bṛhaspati replied that attainment of heaven could be had, not by action but only by devotion. Raibhya immediately started to Gayā to do penance. There he met with the Sanatkumāras. (Varāha Purāṇa).

Urvaśī made an earnest effort to hinder the severe vow and penance of Raibhya. But it was of no use, and by his curse, that celestial woman became ugly. She entreated him for liberation from the curse. Raibhya blessed her and said that she could obtain her original form by bathing in Yodhinīkuṇḍa. (Yoginī Kuṇḍa). Urvaśī bathed in Yodhinīkuṇḍa and from that day onwards that tīrtha (holy bath) came to be known as Urvaśīyoginīkuṇḍa.

5) Raibhya (रैभ्य).—A hermit. It is seen in Uttara Rāmāyaṇa that this hermit called on Śrī Rāma on his return from Laṅkā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Raibhya (रैभ्य).—A son of Sumati, and father of Duṣyanta.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 20. 7.

1b) A son of Vatsāra; his children, Raibhyas.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 70. 25-6.

1c) A son of Rebhya and a Brahmavādin.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 112; III. 8. 30; Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 103.

1d) One of the three belonging to Kaśyapa group.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 8. 33.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: WikiPedia: Hinduism

Raibhya (रैभ्य): A sage whose hermitage was situated on the banks of the Ganges, near Rishikesh, a place, which gets its name, from Lord Vishnu appearing to him as Hrishikesh. The Pandavas during their wanderings visited it. This ghat was very holy. Bharata, son of Dasaratha bathed here. Indra was cleansed of his sin of killing Vritra unfairly by bathing in this ghat. Sanatkumar became one with God. Aditi, mother of the gods, prayed here to be blessed with a son.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Raibhya (रैभ्य).—[masculine] patr. of [several] men, also a class of gods.

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Raibhya (रैभ्य).—[masculine] patr. of [several] men, also a class of gods.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

Raibhya (रैभ्य) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—astronomer. Quoted by Keśavārka Oxf. 336^b, in Muhūrtacintāmaṇi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Raibhya (रैभ्य):—[from raibha] m. (or raibhya) ([from] rebha) Name of various men, [Āśvalāyana-śrauta-sūtra; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] of a son of Sumati and father of Duṣyanta, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] of an astronomer, [Catalogue(s)]

4) [v.s. ...] of a class of gods, [Harivaṃśa] ([Nīlakaṇṭha])

[Sanskrit to German]

Raibhya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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