Putrika, Putrikā: 12 definitions


Putrika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Kuputra (कुपुत्र) refers to a “daughter”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.30 (“The Celebration of Pārvatī’s Return”).—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada: “On hearing that Pārvatī was returning, Menā and Himavat excessively delighted went ahead seated in a divine vehicle. [...] O great sage, ladies performed her ceremonial ablution; the brahmins offered benedictions. Himvat and Menakā rejoiced much. Himavat considered his household life fruitful. A daughter (putrikā) is far better than an ignoble son. He praised you too, Nārada, saying ‘Well done, Well done’. [...]”.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Putrikā (पुत्रिका).—An Apsaras.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 5.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Putrika in Kavya glossary
Source: academia.edu: Bhoja’s Mechanical Garden

Putrikā (पुत्रिका) refers to the “wooden dolls” as mentioned in the Kathāsaritsāgara.—Miniature things were typically endearing in the world of Sanskrit courtly literature, and here the automaton and the toy have strong aesthetic (and linguistic) convergences. In fact the terms used for both the mechanical and magical automata reveal that they were first and foremost conceived of as dolls, puppets, or figurines. One is reminded of the damsel Somaprabhā’s little basket (karaṇḍikā) of wooden dolls (dārumaya... putrikā) brought to entertain her friend Kaliṅgasenā in Somadeva’s eleventh-century Kathāsaritsāgara. These wooden putrikās—perceptively translated at one point by Tawney as “toys”—are further described by Somadeva as both “magical” and “mechanical” (māyāyantra-putrikā), for with the pull of a pin (kīlikā), they performed amazing tasks like flying through the air to fetch garlands or water or dancing and conversing on command.

Their (viz., the wooden putrikās’) speaking capacities are reminiscent not only of the speaking automaton in Bhoja’s Śṛṅgāramañjarīkathā but also of contemporary tenth-and eleventh-century story cycles (some involving Bhoja) dealing with the famous throne of King Vikramāditya of yore that was furnished with speaking figurines or dolls (puttalikā) on its base.

Kavya book cover
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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: The Structure and Meanings of the Heruka Maṇḍala

Putrikā (पुत्रिका) is the name of a Ḍākinī who, together with the Vīra (hero) named Putra forms one of the 36 pairs situated in the Agnicakra, according to the 10th century Ḍākārṇava chapter 15. Accordingly, the agnicakra refers to one of the three divisions of the saṃbhoga-puṭa (‘enjoyment layer’), situated in the Herukamaṇḍala. The 36 pairs of Ḍākinīs [viz., Putrikā] and Vīras are red in color; they each have one face and four arms; they hold a skull bowl, a skull staff, a small drum, and a knife.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

putrikā (पुत्रिका).—f S putrī f (S) A daughter. 2 A doll, a puppet, a little image.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

putrikā (पुत्रिका).—f putrī f A daughter.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Putrikā (पुत्रिका).—

1) A daughter.

2) A doll, puppet.

3) A daughter appointed to raise male issue for a father who has no sons; अपुत्राऽ नेन विधिना सुतां कुर्वीत पुत्रिकाम् । यदपत्यं भवेदस्यां तन्मम स्यात् स्वधाकरम् (aputrā' nena vidhinā sutāṃ kurvīta putrikām | yadapatyaṃ bhavedasyāṃ tanmama syāt svadhākaram) || Manusmṛti 9.127.

4) The cotton or down of the tamarisk.

6) A small statue; तद्धाम्नाऽभूदजस्तूष्णीं पूर्देव्यन्तीव पुत्रिका (taddhāmnā'bhūdajastūṣṇīṃ pūrdevyantīva putrikā) Bhāgavata 1.13.56.

6) (At the end of comp.) Anything little or small of its kind; as in असिपुत्रिका, खड्गपुत्रिका (asiputrikā, khaḍgaputrikā) &c.

See also (synonyms): putrakā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Putrikā (पुत्रिका):—[from putra] f. a daughter ([especially] a d° appointed to raise male issue to be adopted by a father who has no sons), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a puppet, doll, small statue, [Bhartṛhari; Kathāsaritsāgara]

3) [v.s. ...] (ifc. = a diminutive; cf. asikhaḍga.)

4) [v.s. ...] the cotton or down of the tamarisk, [Horace H. Wilson]

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Putrikā (पुत्रिका) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Puttaliyā, Puttalī, Puttiā.

[Sanskrit to German]

Putrika in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Putrika in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Putrikā (पुत्रिका):—(nf) a daughter; puppet, doll.

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