Putraka, Putrakā: 11 definitions



Putraka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Putraka (पुत्रक).—A King. (See under Pāṭalīputra).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Putraka (पुत्रक).—A son of Kuru.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 218.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Putraka in Kavya glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Putraka (पुत्रक) is the grandson of Bhojika, a Brāhman, whose story is told in the tale called ‘the founding of the city of Pāṭaliputra’, according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 3. Accordingly, Śiva told the three daughters of Bhojika in a dream: “This young son of yours shall be called Putraka; and every day when he awakes from sleep a hundred thousand gold pieces shall be found under his pillow, and at last he shall become a king.”

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Putraka, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

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Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

Putraka (पुत्रक, “son”) refers to a specific “mode of address” (nāman) used in drama (nāṭya), according to Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 19. Putraka is used by the guru or the father to address a disciple or a son. A similair term that can be used in the same situation would be Vatsa.

Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Source: Shodhganga: Temple management in the Āgamas

Putraka (पुत्रक) refers to a Śaiva initiate who underwent the Viśeṣadīkṣā, as defined in Dīkṣā (initiation) hierarchy.—Dīkṣā also gives rise to four broad hierarchies, depending on the ritual performed and the resulting spiritual progress. Samaya and Viśeṣa dīkṣā lead an initiate up to the rudra-tattva and īśvara-tattva. These initiates are called Samayī. In Nirvāṇa-dīkṣā, special processes cut the kārmic bonds and other bondages, making him a Putraka. Abhiṣeka with the sādhyamantra, along with other rituals, makes him a Sādhaka. Abhiṣeka with all mantras, along with other rituals, makes the Sādhaka an Ācārya. Each level of dīkṣā bestows certain rights and responsibilities on the initiate.

The Samayī and Putraka can only perform nityapūjā, if they have niradhikāra-dīkṣā. The Samayī, Putraka and Sādhaka all work under the Ācārya and assist him in different ways during the pūjā. They are all under a sort of apprenticeship, getting trained formally as well as by observation.

Shaivism book cover
context information

Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Putraka (पुत्रक).—[putra anukampāyāṃ saṃjñāyāṃ vā kan svārthe ka vā]

1) A little son or boy, boy, chap, lad (often used as a term of endearment); हा हा पुत्रक नाधीतं सुगतैतासु रात्रिषु (hā hā putraka nādhītaṃ sugataitāsu rātriṣu).

2) A doll, puppet; सा कन्दुकैः कृत्रिमपुत्रकैश्च रेमे (sā kandukaiḥ kṛtrimaputrakaiśca reme) Ku.1.29.

3) A rogue, cheat.

4) A locust, grass-hopper.

5) A fabulous animal with eight feet (śarabha).

6) Hair.

7) A pitiable person.

Derivable forms: putrakaḥ (पुत्रकः).

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Putrakā (पुत्रका).—

1) A daughter.

2) A doll, puppet.

3) A daughter appointed to raise male issue for a father who has no sons; अपुत्राऽ नेन विधिना सुतां कुर्वीत पुत्रिकाम् । यदपत्यं भवेदस्यां तन्मम स्यात् स्वधाकरम् (aputrā' nena vidhinā sutāṃ kurvīta putrikām | yadapatyaṃ bhavedasyāṃ tanmama syāt svadhākaram) || Ms.9.127.

4) The cotton or down of the tamarisk.

6) A small statue; तद्धाम्नाऽभूदजस्तूष्णीं पूर्देव्यन्तीव पुत्रिका (taddhāmnā'bhūdajastūṣṇīṃ pūrdevyantīva putrikā) Bhāg.1.13.56.

6) (At the end of comp.) Anything little or small of its kind; as in असिपुत्रिका, खड्गपुत्रिका (asiputrikā, khaḍgaputrikā) &c.

See also (synonyms): putrikā.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Putraka (पुत्रक).—[putra + ka], I. m. A son, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 2, 151. Ii. f. trikā and trakā. 1. A daughter, [Pañcatantra] 190, 2. 2. A daughter appointed to raise issue for her father, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 127. 3. A doll, Böhtl. Ind. Spr. 635.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Putraka (पुत्रक).—[masculine] little son, boy, [Name] of a man; [feminine] putrikā daughter, [especially] adopted daughter ([jurisprudence]), puppet, dole.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Putraka (पुत्रक):—[from putra] m. a little son, boy, child (often used as a term of endearment; ifc. f(ikā). ), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] a puppet, doll, figure of stone or wood or lac etc. (cf. kṛtrima-, jatu-, śilā-; [gana] yāvādi)

3) [v.s. ...] a rogue, cheat, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] a species of small venomous animal (enumerated among the Mūṣikas), [Suśruta]

5) [v.s. ...] a grasshopper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] a fabulous animal with 8 legs (= śarabha), [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [v.s. ...] hair, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] a species of tree, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] a grinding-stone, [Gobhila-śrāddha-kalpa [Scholiast or Commentator]]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of the supposed founder of Pāṭaliputra, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

11) [v.s. ...] of a mountain, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

12) Putrakā (पुत्रका):—[from putraka > putra] f. = next, [Pāṇini 7-3, 45], [vArttika] 10, [Patañjali]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Putraka (पुत्रक):—(von putra)

1) m. a) oxyt. Söhnchen, Knabe (oft als Liebkosungswort) [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 3, 76,] [Scholiast] [Medinīkoṣa k. 123. fg.] [Ṛgveda 8, 58, 8.] mā putraka tadādṛthāḥ [Aitareyabrāhmaṇa 5, 14.] so bravītputrānputrakā agnerāyuradarśam [6, 33.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 11, 6, 1, 2.] [Pañcaviṃśabrāhmaṇa 13, 3, 24.] adhyāpayāmāsa pitṝn śiśurāṅgirasaḥ kaviḥ . putrakā iti hovāca [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 2, 151.] [Sāvitryupākhyāna 5, 87.] [Mahābhārata 1, 1044. 2072.] [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 22, 20. 62, 10. 2, 25, 17. 37, 18. 72, 52.] [Daśaratha’s Tod 2, 41.] [Śākuntala 106, 8.] [Bhāgavatapurāṇa 3, 12, 5. 9, 4, 2. 16, 5.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 28, 115. 29, 131.] [Prooemium im Hitopadeśa 23.] [Vetālapañcaviṃśati] in [Lassen’s Anthologie 2, 15.] [Prabodhacandrodaja 89, 13. 105, 19.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 20, 16.] mithi [Rāmāyaṇa 1, 71, 4.] muni [62, 20. 25.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 46, 134.] brāhmaṇa [27, 109.] bāla Söhnchen, Knäbchen [3, 21.] Am Ende eines adj. comp. (f. putrikā): a sohnlos [Daśaratha’s Tod 2, 50.] eka [Mahābhārata 3, 10484.] sūtikā saputrikā [Pāraskara’s Gṛhyasūtrāṇi 1, 16.] nom. abstr. ekaputrakatva und ekaputrakatā das Besitzen eines einzigen Sohnes [Mahābhārata 3, 10481.] — b) proparox. Puppe, eine Figur aus Stein, Holz, Lack u.s.w. gaṇa yāvādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 4, 29.] śilā [] zu [Bṛhadāranyakopaniṣad] [S. 40.] Vgl. kṛtrima, jatu, jaya . — c) Schelm, = dhūrta, śaṭha [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 70.] [Medinīkoṣa] — d) ein best. kleines giftiges Thier (zu den mūṣika gezählt) [Suśruta 2, 278, 1.] — e) = śarabha [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha 3, 70.] [Medinīkoṣa] ein fabelhaftes Thier mit acht Beinen [Wilson’s Wörterbuch]; das Wort bedeutet aber auch Heuschrecke, und [Śabdaratnāvalī] erklärt putraka durch pataṃgaka, welches dieselbe Bed. hat. — f) Haar [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 127] (der Vers ist verdorben). — g) ein best. Baum [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] — h) Nomen proprium eines Mannes, dem die Grundung der Stadt Pāṭaliputraka zugeschrieben wird, [Kathāsaritsāgara 3, 21. fgg.] — i) Nomen proprium eines Berges [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] —

2) f. putrakā und putrikā [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 7, 3, 45, Vārttika von Kātyāyana. 11.] [Vopadeva’s Grammatik 4, 7.] [Śabdaratnāvalī im Śabdakalpadruma] Zu belegen nur die Form putrikā (vgl. jedoch amotaputrakā). a) Tochter [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Nalopākhyāna 16, 5.] [Kathāsaritsāgara 18, 266. 30, 28.] [Pañcatantra 190, 2.] [Mārkāṇḍeyapurāṇa 77, 20.] Insbes. eine solche Tochter, die ein sohnloser Vater insofern an Sohnes Statt annimmt, als er ihren Sohn für sich als Sohn in Anspruch nimmt: aputro nena vidhinā sutāṃ kurvīta putrikām . yadapatyaṃ bhavedasyāṃ tanmama syātsvadhākaram .. [Manu’s Gesetzbuch 9, 127. 128. 134. 135. 140. 3, 11.] tāḥ sarvāḥ putrikāḥ sthāpayāmāsa naṣṭaputraḥ prajāpatiḥ [Mahābhārata 1, 2576.] tataḥ pañcāśataṃ kanyāḥ putrikā abhisaṃdadhe bestimmte sie zu putrikā, setzte sie zu p. ein [?3133. Yāska’s Nirukta 3, 5. Pravarādhyāya in Weber’s Verzeichniss 59, 5. Yājñavalkya’s Gesetzbuch 2, 128. Bhāgavatapurāṇa 4, 1, 2. 9, 22, 31.] Vgl. aputrika, welches denjenigen bezeichnet, der keine putrikā hat. — b) Puppe, Figur aus Holz u.s.w. [Amarakoṣa 2, 10, 29.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 1014.] [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] [Halāyudha 3, 338.] [Spr. 635.] kāṣṭhamayīḥ svamāyāyantraputrikāḥ [Kathāsaritsāgara 29, 18.] Vgl. kṛtrima, dāru . — c) in comp. mit leblosen Dingen zur Bildung von Deminutiven; s. asi, khaḍga . — d) = yāvatūlaka [Hemacandra’s Anekārthasaṃgraha] [Medinīkoṣa] die Wolle auf der Tamariske [Wilson’s Wörterbuch] — Was bedeutet aber das Wort in der Stelle: pīṭhopamapālirubhayataḥ kṣīṇaputrikāśritaḥ [Suśruta 1, 55,] [20]?

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Putraka (पुत्रक):—

1) a) vatsa putraka tāteti nāmnā gotreṇa vā sutaḥ (vaktavyaḥ) [Sāhityadarpana 172, 3.] = putra Sohn [Kathāsaritsāgara 73, 33.] —

2) b) devagṛhastambhāgra [Kathāsaritsāgara 121, 149.] stambha [179. 123, 136.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Putraka (पुत्रक):——

1) m. — a) Söhnchen , Knabe , Sohn. Oft als Liebkosungswort. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. putrikā f. — b) Puppe , Statuette. — c) *Schelm. — d) ein best. kleines , zu den Mäusen gezähltes , giftiges Thier. — e) *Heuschrecke. — f) *Haar. — g) *ein best. Baum. — h) Reibstein Comm. zu [Gobhila's Gṛyasūtra 2,6,9.] — i) Nomen proprium — α) des angeblichen Gründers von Pātaliputra. — β) *eines Berges. —

2) f. putrikā und putrakā — a) Tochter ; insbes. eine solche , die ein sohnloser Vater insofern an Sohnes Statt annimmt , als er ihren Sohn für sich als Sohn in Anspruch nimmt. Am Ende eines adj. Comp. f. eben so [135,7.] — b) Puppe , Statuette , — c) bildet am Ende eines Comp. Deminutiva. — d) * = yāvatūlakaḥ nach [WILSON.] Wolle auf der Tamariske. — e) [Suśruta (rotrh) 1,55,20.von] unbestimmbarer Bed.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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