Pradayaka, Pradāyaka: 11 definitions


Pradayaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pradayaka in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pradāyaka (प्रदायक) refers to “one who bestows”, according to the Śrīmatasāra.—Accordingly, “I will explain the unchanging (reality), Śākta, Śāmbhava and Āṇava. The purpose of Śāmbhava is liberation. Śākta bestows accomplishments [i.e., siddhi-pradāyaka]. Āṇava is on the paths of worldly benefits (bhoga). The ‘unchanging’ is considered to be (thus) threefold. Once know the unity (of these three), which is like space, (one realises) the unchanging and (ever) equal womb (bhaga)”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pradayaka in Shaivism glossary
Source: SOAS University of London: Protective Rites in the Netra Tantra

Pradāyaka (प्रदायक) refers to “granting” (all siddhis), according to the Netratantra of Kṣemarāja: a Śaiva text from the 9th century in which Śiva (Bhairava) teaches Pārvatī topics such as metaphysics, cosmology, and soteriology.—Accordingly, [verse 9.5-11, while explaining the universality of Amṛteśa]—“Amṛteśa is supreme. He is free of disease. His nature is inherent, fully enumerated, constant, eternal, and immovable. [He has] no form or color, and is the highest truth. Because of that, he is omnipresent. The splendid Deva delights in all āgamas, pervades all mantras, and grants all Siddhis (pradāyakasarvasiddhi-pradāyakaḥ). In this way, he is like a transparent crystal sewn onto a colored thread, always reflected with its color, [and] seeking [to] look like this and that. [...]”.

Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Yoga (school of philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pradayaka in Yoga glossary
Source: ORA: Amanaska (king of all yogas): A Critical Edition and Annotated Translation by Jason Birch

Pradāyaka (प्रदायक) refers to “that which gives (all Siddhis)”, according to the Niśvāsakārikā verse 32.149cd-152.—Accordingly, as the Lord teaches the Yoga of detachment to the Goddess: “O goddess, listen to the supreme secret [teaching] and its unsurpassed Siddhi. It has no form, no colour and no meditation. It is both with and without aspects. It lacks anything through which it can be acted upon and it has no location. [This] great no-mind yoga is not a division of [mantra] recitation, is free from form and colour [but] gives all Siddhis (sarvasiddhi-pradāyaka)”.

Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

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In Buddhism

Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Pradāyakā (प्रदायका) refers to “granting (universal success)”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Granting universal success (sarvasiddhi-pradāyakā), holy goddess, homage always, Indeed with Yāminī, her holiness Mohinī, always Saṃcāriṇī, Thus with Saṃtrāsinī, the most pure, lady of yoga Caṇḍikā, Arms at four angles, her own face the palest, white Gauriṇī”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pradayaka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pradāyaka (प्रदायक).—a. Granting, giving, bestowing.

See also (synonyms): pradāyin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradāyaka (प्रदायक).—[adjective] giving, presenting.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pradāyaka (प्रदायक):—[=pra-dāyaka] [from pra-dāna > pra-dā] mfn. giving, granting, presenting, bestowing ([genitive case] or [compound]), [Mahābhārata; Rāmāyaṇa] etc.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pradāyaka (प्रदायक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Padāyaga.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pradayaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pradayaka in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Pradāyaka (ಪ್ರದಾಯಕ):—[adjective] offering, bestow; having the tendency to offer, present, bestow.

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Pradāyaka (ಪ್ರದಾಯಕ):—[noun] = ಪ್ರದಾತ [pradata].

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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