Pradatavya, Pradātavya, Pradātavyā, Pra-datavya: 7 definitions


Pradatavya means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Pradatavya in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Pradātavya (प्रदातव्य) refers to “that which should be given” (i.e., Śrīkaṇṭha’s hymn in praise of the Goddess), according to the second recension of the Yogakhaṇḍa of the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “The purified soul who, pure, recites this [i.e., Śrīkaṇṭha’s hymn in praise of the Goddess] in front of the Kramaliṅga is free from all sins and attains Rudra’s world. It was uttered by Śrīkaṇṭha and, secret, it should not be told to (just) anybody. It should be given [i.e., pradātavya] to a true devotee, (and) never to one who is averse (to the goddess). [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Pradatavya in Purana glossary
Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pradātavyā (प्रदातव्या) refers to “she who should be given (to Śiva)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.36 (“The statements of the seven sages”).—Accordingly, as the mountains said to Himavat (Himācala): “Of what avail is a long discussion and deliberation now? What should be done is only that. She is born only for the purpose of the gods. Incarnating for the sake of Śiva, she shall be given (pradātavyā) to Śiva. Śiva has been propitiated by her and Śiva has also spoken to her”.

Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Pradatavya in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Pradātavya (प्रदातव्य) refers to “that (food) which is to be given” (as part of the diet of a Hawk), according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the treatment of hawks]: “[...] Cool water should he given to them now and again; they shold be given (pradātavya) the flesh of Kalaviṅka and of Vāja not kept for a long time, and such other light and tasteful food as they can digest. By degrees the quantities should be increased for their health. [...]”.

Arts book cover
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This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Pradatavya in Mahayana glossary
Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Pradātavya (प्रदातव्य) refers to “that which should be given” (as part of an offering ceremony), according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Bhagavān teaches the offering manual of the root-heart] “[...] The stake should not be driven out. It should be said, ‘Foster the Tathāgata’s vows and precepts. Then I will drive out the stake’. Then the Nāga falls at his feet with his retinue. He should be given (pradātavya) [the following words]: ‘I shall keep in mind the Threefold Refuge and the Ten Righteous Actions’. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Pradatavya in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pradātavya (प्रदातव्य):—[=pra-dātavya] [from pra-dā] mfn. to be given (also in marriage) or offered or presented or restored or imparted etc. (teṣāṃ saṃskṛtam pradātavyam, to these Saṃskṛt is to be imparted id est. these are to be taught Saṃskṛt, [Sāhitya-darpaṇa]), [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] to be placed or put into, [Varāha-mihira]

[Sanskrit to German]

Pradatavya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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