Dayaka, aka: Dāyaka; 5 Definition(s)


Dayaka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

M (Donor). Benefactor of the sangha. The dayaka is a person who regularly helps bhikkhus in their practice, study and teaching of the dhamma.

To do so, he offers, according to his capabilities, to one or several bhikkhus, what they need. A bhikkhu can make his needs known to a dayaka only if the later has expressly requested the former to inform him of his requirements. A dayaka could also perfectly well offer some food, robes, soap, a lodging, a pagoda or anything else enabling others to come to know or know the dhamma.

See also: The dayakas and the kappiyas

(Source): Dhamma Dana: Pali English Glossary
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).


dāyaka : (m.) giver; supporter.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Dāyaka, (Sk. dāyaka, as in dadāti & dāna) (adj.) giving, bestowing, distributing, providing (usually —°); (n.) a donor, benefactor; a munificent person M.I, 236 sq.; A.I, 26, 161; II, 64, 80; III, 32, 336; IV, 81; Sn.p. 87; It.19 (ito cutā manussattā saggaṃ gacchanti dāyakā); J.V, 129 (kaṇḍa°); Pv.I, 11 sq.; 12; 42; 55; DA.I, 298; PvA.113 (=dada); Miln.258 (°ānaṃ dakkhiṇā); Sdhp.276.—f. dāyikā Vin.II, 216 (bhikkhā°), 289 (khīrassa).—adāyaka a stingy person, one who neglects almsgiving (cp. adānasīla) Pv.I, 119; f. °ikā Pv.I, 93. (Page 319)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

dāyaka (दायक) [or दायी, dāyī].—a S That gives, bestows, confers, yields, renders. In comp. as sukhadāyaka, duḥkhadā0, śubhadā,0 kalyāṇadā,0 sampattidā,0 maṅgaladā,0 mōkṣadā0. 2 (Poetry.) Liberal, munificent. 3 An heir.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

dāyaka (दायक).—a That gives, bestows, con. fers, &c. In comp. as sukhadāyaka (Poetry) Liberal, munificent.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

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