Kshemaka, Kṣemaka: 11 definitions


Kshemaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣemaka can be transliterated into English as Ksemaka or Kshemaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Kshemaka in Purana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purana

Kṣemaka (क्षेमक) is the name of a gaṇa (attendant of Śiva), mentioned in the Skandapurāṇa 4.2.53. In this chapter, Śiva (Giriśa) summons his attendants (gaṇas) and ask them to venture towards the city Vārāṇasī (Kāśī) in order to find out what the yoginīs, the sun-god, Vidhi (Brahmā) were doing there.

While the gaṇas such as Kṣemaka were staying at Kāśī, they were desirous but unable of finding a weakness in king Divodaśa who was ruling there. Kāśī is described as a fascinating place beyond the range of Giriśa’s vision, and as a place where yoginīs become ayoginīs, after having come in contact with it. Kāśī is described as having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.

The Skandapurāṇa narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is the largest Mahāpurāṇa composed of over 81,000 metrical verses, with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Kṣemaka (क्षेमक).—A Rākṣasa (giant). In Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, Chapter 2, it is mentioned that this Rākṣasa had lived in Kāśī and that the King Divodāsa killed this Rākṣasa and built a city there.

2) Kṣemaka (क्षेमक).—A serpent (Nāga) born to Kaśyapaprajāpati of his wife Kadrū. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 53, Stanza 11).

3) Kṣemaka (क्षेमक).—A King who was a luminary in the palace of Yudhiṣṭhira. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 4, Stanza 24, that the Pāṇḍavas had sent invitation to this King for the battle of Bhārata.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Kṣemaka (क्षेमक).—The son of Nimi, the last king of his line.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 44-5.

1b) A son of Medhātithi, and founder of the kingdom Kṣemakam in Plakṣadvīpam.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 37 and 39; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 33; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 4-5.

1c) A Rākṣasa who made Benares desolate.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 27.

1d) A son of Nirāmitra; (Nimitta, Viṣṇu-purāṇa), the last son of the Aila line (Paurava) (Kurus, Viṣṇu-purāṇa); with him ends the source of the Brahma-kṣetra stock, the family honoured of gods and sages; the last dynasty consisting of 25 kings.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 245; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 87-8; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 277-79; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 21. 16-18.

1e) A son of Maṇivara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 160.

1f) (c) the country adjoining the Vṛṣabha or Surmāna hill in Plakṣadvīpa;1 same as the Maināka varṣa.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 39; 19. 16; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 14; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 4-5.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 122. 25.
Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places

Kṣemaka (क्षेमक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.11, I.35) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kṣemaka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of kshemaka or ksemaka in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kṣemaka (क्षेमक).—m. pl. (corresp. to Pali Khemiya), a class of gods: Waldschmidt, Kl. Sanskrit Texte 4, Mahāsamājasūtra 189.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣemaka (क्षेमक).—m.

(-kaḥ) A perfume, commonly Chor. E. kan added to kṣema.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kṣemaka (क्षेमक):—[from kṣema] m. a kind of perfume (= caura), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

2) [v.s. ...] Name of a Nāga, [Mahābhārata i, 1556]

3) [v.s. ...] of a Rakṣas, [Harivaṃśa]

4) [v.s. ...] of an attendant of Śiva, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] of an old king, [Mahābhārata ii, 117]

6) [v.s. ...] of a son of Alarka (also called Sunītha), [Harivaṃśa 1749]

7) [v.s. ...] of a son of Nirāmitra, [Matsya-purāṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] of the last descendant of Parīkṣit in the Kali-yuga, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa; Bhāgavata-purāṇa ix, 22, 42 f.]

9) [v.s. ...] n. Name of a Varṣa in Plakṣa-dvīpa ruled by Kṣemaka, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa ii, 4, 5.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kṣemaka (क्षेमक):—(kaḥ) 1. m. A perfume.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kṣemaka (क्षेमक) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Khemava.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kshemaka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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