Kshemaka, aka: Kṣemaka; 6 Definition(s)


Kshemaka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Kṣemaka can be transliterated into English as Ksemaka or Kshemaka, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Kshemaka in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kṣemaka (क्षेमक) is the name of a gaṇa (attendant of Śiva), mentioned in the Skandapurāṇa 4.2.53. In this chapter, Śiva (Giriśa) summons his attendants (gaṇas) and ask them to venture towards the city Vārāṇasī (Kāśī) in order to find out what the yoginīs, the sun-god, Vidhi (Brahmā) were doing there.

While the gaṇas such as Kṣemaka were staying at Kāśī, they were desirous but unable of finding a weakness in king Divodaśa who was ruling there. Kāśī is described as a fascinating place beyond the range of Giriśa’s vision, and as a place where yoginīs become ayoginīs, after having come in contact with it. Kāśī is described as having both the power to destroy great delusion, as well as creating it.

The Skandapurāṇa narrates the details and legends surrounding numerous holy pilgrimages (tīrtha-māhātmya) throughout India. It is the largest Mahāpurāṇa composed of over 81,000 metrical verses, with the core text dating from the before the 4th-century CE.

Source: Wisdom Library: Skanda-purāṇa

1) Kṣemaka (क्षेमक).—A Rākṣasa (giant). In Brahmāṇḍa Purāṇa, Chapter 2, it is mentioned that this Rākṣasa had lived in Kāśī and that the King Divodāsa killed this Rākṣasa and built a city there.

2) Kṣemaka (क्षेमक).—A serpent (Nāga) born to Kaśyapaprajāpati of his wife Kadrū. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 53, Stanza 11).

3) Kṣemaka (क्षेमक).—A King who was a luminary in the palace of Yudhiṣṭhira. Mention is made in Mahābhārata, Udyoga Parva, Chapter 4, Stanza 24, that the Pāṇḍavas had sent invitation to this King for the battle of Bhārata.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Kṣemaka (क्षेमक).—The son of Nimi, the last king of his line.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 22. 44-5.

1b) A son of Medhātithi, and founder of the kingdom Kṣemakam in Plakṣadvīpam.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 37 and 39; Vāyu-purāṇa 33. 33; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 4-5.

1c) A Rākṣasa who made Benares desolate.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 67. 27.

1d) A son of Nirāmitra; (Nimitta, Viṣṇu-purāṇa), the last son of the Aila line (Paurava) (Kurus, Viṣṇu-purāṇa); with him ends the source of the Brahma-kṣetra stock, the family honoured of gods and sages; the last dynasty consisting of 25 kings.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 74. 245; Matsya-purāṇa 50. 87-8; Vāyu-purāṇa 99. 277-79; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 21. 16-18.

1e) A son of Maṇivara.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 69. 160.

1f) (c) the country adjoining the Vṛṣabha or Surmāna hill in Plakṣadvīpa;1 same as the Maināka varṣa.2

  • 1) Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 14. 39; 19. 16; Vāyu-purāṇa 49. 14; Viṣṇu-purāṇa II. 4. 4-5.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 122. 25.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Kṣemaka (क्षेमक) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.31.11, I.35) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Kṣemaka) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

Source: JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

Discover the meaning of kshemaka or ksemaka in the context of Purana from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kshemaka in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Kṣemaka (क्षेमक).—m. pl. (corresp. to Pali Khemiya), a class of gods: Waldschmidt, Kl. Sanskrit Texte 4, Mahāsamāj. 189.1.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of kshemaka or ksemaka in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

Relevant definitions

Search found 17 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Varaṇasī (वरणसी).—f. (-sī) The city Benares, more usually vārāṇasī. E. varaṇā a rivulet as abov...
Nimitta (निमित्त).—n. (-ttaṃ) 1. Cause, motive, instrumental cause. 2. Mark, sign, spot, trace,...
Plakṣadvīpa (प्लक्षद्वीप).—One of the seven dvīpas (islands). (See under Saptadvīpa.)
Sumitra (सुमित्र).—m. (-traḥ) The father of the twentieth Jina of the present era. f. (-trā) On...
1) Medhātithi (मेधातिथि).—Grandson of Svāyambhuva Manu. Svāyambhuva Manu had two sons named Pri...
Kumbhaka (कुम्भक).—m. (-kaḥ) Stopping the breath by shutting the mouth and closeing both nostri...
1) Satyadhṛti (सत्यधृति).—A son of Śatānanda. It is mentioned in Agni Purāṇa, Chapter 278, that...
Gomatī (गोमती).—(KAUŚIKĪ). A celebrated river of Purāṇic fame. This is worshipped as a goddess....
1) Alarka (अलर्क).—The name of an insect. It was in the form of this insect that Indra went and...
1) Aila (ऐल).—Son of Ilā; Purūravas. (See under Ilā).2) Aila (ऐल).—A member of the court of Yam...
1) Nimi (निमि).—A famous emperor who was the son of Ikṣvāku. Genealogy. Descended from Viṣṇu th...
Divodāsa (दिवोदास).—(atithigva) A king of Kāśī. Genealogy. From Viṣṇu descended in the followi...
1) Niramitra (निरमित्र).—Son of Nakula. His mother was the noble lady called Kareṇumatī. (Adi P...
Pradyota (प्रद्योत).—1) Irradiating, lighting, illuminating.2) Splendour, light, lustre.3) A ra...
Prajeśvara (प्रजेश्वर).—m. (-raḥ) A king. E. prajā subject, and īśvara lord.

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