Yavasa, Yavāsa, Yāvasa, Yavasha: 17 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Yavasa means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Yavāsa (यवास):—Another name for Dhanvayavāsa, a medicinal plant (Alhagi maurorum/camelorum) used in the treatment of fever (jvara), as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which is part of the 7th-century Mādhavacikitsā, a Sanskrit classical work on Āyurveda.

Source: WorldCat: Rāj nighaṇṭu

Yavāsa (यवास) is the Sanskrit name for a medicinal plant possibly identified with Alhagi pseudalhagi, synonym of Alhagi maurorum (“camelthorn”) from the Fabaceae or legume family of flowering plants, according to verse 4.44-46 of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu. Note: Yavāsa contains an exudate called Mānnā (Turañjabīna in Ūnānī) in its Arabian species. In Hindi Yavāsa is called Javāsa (in local dialects ya is changed to ja).

Yavāsa is mentioned as having twenty-one synonyms: Yāsa, Behukaṇṭaka, Alpaka, Kṣudreṅgudī, Rodanikā, Kacchurā, Bālapatra, Adhikakaṇṭaka, Khara, Sudūramūla, Viṣakaṇṭaka, Ananta, Tīkṣṇakaṇṭa, Samudrānta, Marudbhava, Dīrghamūla, Sūkṣmapatra, Viṣaghna, Kaṇṭakāluka, Triparṇika, Gāndhārī.

Properties and characteristics: “[Yavāsa] is sweet and bitter in rasa and cold in potency. It calms pitta and relieves pain and burning. It stimulates digestion and gives strength. It controls erysipelas, thirst and vomiting due to kapha”.

Source: Shodhganga: Edition translation and critical study of yogasarasamgraha

Yavāṣa (यवाष) refers to the medicinal plant known as “Fagonia cretica Linn.” and is dealt with in the 15th-century Yogasārasaṅgraha (Yogasara-saṅgraha) by Vāsudeva: an unpublished Keralite work representing an Ayurvedic compendium of medicinal recipes. The Yogasārasaṃgraha [mentioning yavāṣa] deals with entire recipes in the route of administration, and thus deals with the knowledge of pharmacy (bhaiṣajya-kalpanā) which is a branch of pharmacology (dravyaguṇa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Yavasa (यवस).—A particular region of Plakṣadvīpa. Bhāgavata, 5th Skandha says that Plakṣadvīpa had seven divisions which were-Śivam, Yavasam, Subhadram, Śāntam, Mokṣam, Amṛtam and Abhayam.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

1a) Yavasa (यवस).—(Yaśasya) one of the seven divisions of Plakṣadvīpa.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa V. 20. 3.

1b) A son of Sāvarṇi Manu.*

  • * Matsya-purāṇa 9. 33.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Yavasa (यवस) in the Rigveda and later denotes the ‘grass’ on which animals feed, and which is burned by the forest fire.

India history and geography

Source: Shodhganga: Cultural history as g leaned from kathasaritsagara

Yavasa is the name of a herb (oshadhi) mentioned in the Kathasaritsagara by Somadeva (10th century A.D). Yavasa is another variety of grass used as fodder for horses.

Somadeva mentions many rich forests, gardens, various trees, creepers medicinal and flowering plants (e.g., Yavasa) and fruit-bearing trees in the Kathasaritsagara. Gardens of herbs were specially maintained in big cities. Somadeva’s writing more or less reflects the life of the people of Northern India during the 11th century. His Kathasaritsagara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Yavasa, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravahanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyadharas (celestial beings).

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

yavasa : (m.) a kind of grass.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Yavasa, (nt.) (fr. yava; Vedic yavasa) grass, hay, fodder J. I, 338. (Page 551)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Yavasa (यवस).—Grass, fodder, meadow grass; नागेन्द्रा यवसाभिलाषविमुखाः (nāgendrā yavasābhilāṣavimukhāḥ) Pratimā 2.2; Kau. A.1.4; यवसेन्धनम् (yavasendhanam) Pt.1; Y.3.3; Ms.7.75; (gāṃ) यवसमिच्छतीम् (yavasamicchatīm) Bhāg. 1.17.3.

Derivable forms: yavasam (यवसम्).

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Yavāsa (यवास).—

1) A kind of Khadira.

2) Alhagi Maurorum (Mar. dhamāsā).

Derivable forms: yavāsaḥ (यवासः).

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Yāvasa (यावस).—

1) A heap of grass.

2) Fodder, provisions.

Derivable forms: yāvasaḥ (यावसः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yavasa (यवस).—m.

(-saḥ) Meadow or pasturage. E. yu to mix, asac aff.

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Yavāsa (यवास).—m.

(-saḥ) 1. A shrub, (Hedysarum alhagi.) “durālabhā .” 2. A kind of K'hayer. E. yu to mix, Unadi aff. āsa; with kan added, yavāsaka .

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Yāvasa (यावस).—m.

(-saḥ) A quantity or heap of grass. E. yu to mix, Unadi aff. asac with the effect of ṇit, which makes the vowel long.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yavasa (यवस).—[yava + sa], m. Pasture grass, [Pañcatantra] 182, 13.

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Yāvasa (यावस).—i. e. yavasa + a, m. (n., [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 53). 1. A heap of grass. 2. Provision, [Hitopadeśa] iii. [distich] 53.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Yavasa (यवस).—[masculine] [neuter] grass, pasture, food.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yavasa (यवस):—[from yava] a m. n. grass, fodder, pasturage, [Ṛg-veda]; etc.

2) Yavāsa (यवास):—[from yava] a m. (said to be [from] √2. yu) Alhagi Maurorum, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

3) [v.s. ...] a species of Khadira, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) Yavāsā (यवासा):—[from yavāsa > yava] f. a kind of grass, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] ([probably] [wrong reading] for jala-vāsā).

5) Yavasa (यवस):—b etc. See p. 847, col. 3.

6) Yavāṣa (यवाष):—m. (cf. yevāṣa) a [particular] noxious insect, [Kāṭhaka]

7) [gana] kumudādi (on, [Pāṇini 4-2, 80]).

8) Yavāsa (यवास):—b etc. See p. 847, col. 3.

9) Yāvasa (यावस):—m. ([from] yavasa) a quantity or heap of grass, fodder, provisions, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) Yāvāsa (यावास):—mfn. ([from] yavāsa) [gana] palāśādi.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Yavasa (यवस):—(saḥ) 1. m. Meadow grass.

2) Yavāsa (यवास):—(saḥ) 1. m. A flower, Hedysarum.

3) Yāvasa (यावस):—(saḥ) 1. m. A quantity, of grass.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Yavasa (यवस):—

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Yavāṣa (यवाष):—s. yevāṣa .

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Yavāsa (यवास):—[Uṇādisūtra 4, 2.]

1) m. Alhagi Maurorum Tourn., Mannapflanze [Amarakoṣa 2, 4, 3, 10.] [Ratnamālā 119.] eine Art Khadira [Śabdamālā im Śabdakalpadruma] = yāsa, trikarṇikā u.s.w. [Rājanirghaṇṭa] ebend. — gaṇa puṣkarādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 5, 2, 135.] —

2) f. ā ein best. Gras, = guṇḍāsinī [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] — Vgl. dhanva .

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Yāvasa (यावस):—(von yavasa) [Uṇādisūtra 3, 119.] m. = tṛṇasaṃtati [UJJVAL.] — yāvasāni [Hitopadeśa III, 53] unnöthige Aenderung [Griechischen und Indoskythischen Könige'S]; vgl. [Spr. 5028.]

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Yāvāsa (यावास):—und yāvāsa adj. von yavāsa (vikāre, avayave) gaṇa palāśādi zu [Pāṇini’s acht Bücher 4, 3, 141.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Yavasa (यवस):—m. (Comm. zu [Āpastamba’s Śrautasūtra 7,28,7]) n. Sg. und Pl. Gras , Futter , Weide. yavasodake Futter und Wasser.

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Yavāṣa (यवाष):—m. ein best. kleines schädliches Thier , Insect oder dgl. Vgl. yovāṣa.

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Yavāsa (यवास):——

1) m. — a) Alhagi Maurorum , die Mannapflanze [Dhanvantari's Wörterbuch 1,5.] [Rājan 4,44.] — b) eine Art Khadira.

2) f. ā ein best. Gras. Richtig wohl jalavāsā.

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Yāvasa (यावस):—m. = tṛṇasāṃtati.

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Yāvāsa (यावास):—Adj. von yavāsa.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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