Pidita, Pīḍita: 18 definitions


Pidita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śāktism

Pīdita (पीदित, “afflicted”) refers to one of the sixty defects of mantras, according to the 11th century Kulārṇava-tantra: an important scripture of the Kaula school of Śāktism traditionally stated to have consisted of 125.000 Sanskrit verses.—Accordingly, as Īśvara says to Śrī Devī: “For those who do japa without knowing these defects [e.g., pīdita—afflicted], there is no realization even with millions and billions of japa. [...] Oh My Beloved! there are ten processes for eradicating defects in Mantras as described. [...]”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Pīḍita (पीडित) refers to “harassment” [?], according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 3), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “The dark spots, also known as ketus, the sons of Rāhu are Tāmasa, Kīlaka and the like, and are 33 in number. How they affect the earth depends upon their color, position and shape. [...] Men, reduced to mere bones and as named to beg will be harassed [i.e., pīḍita] both by their own princes and by the princes of other lands. Some will begin to speak disparagingly of the character and deeds of their own sovereign. Even though there should be indications of good rain, the clouds will yield little rain; the rivers will fall and (food) crops will be found (only) here and there”.

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Pīḍita (पीडित) refers to “harassments”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.19 (“Kāma’s destruction by Śiva”).—Accordingly, as the Gods said to Śiva: “O lord, O great god, favourably disposed to those who seek refuge in you, be pleased to listen to these well intended words of ours. O Śiva, be pleased to ponder over the action of Kāma. O lord Śiva, there is no tinge of selfishness in what Kāma has done. O lord, he had been induced to do so by all the gods harassed [i.e., pīḍita] by the wicked Tāraka. O Śiva, please know that it is not otherwise. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vastushastra (architecture)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (architecture)

Pīḍita (पीडित) refers to “(being) oppressed” (by the king), according to the Devyāmata (chapter 105).—Accordingly, [while describing the consequences of a doorway]—“[...] At Bhṛṅgarāja there is malady. At Mṛga one is oppressed by the king (nṛpa-pīḍita). The set of 8 doorways have been described to you, in the house facing south. Next it will be specifically described for the house facing west. In the west, at the Pitṛdeva position, the householder will be oppressed by his sons. [...]

Vastushastra book cover
context information

Vastushastra (वास्तुशास्त्र, vāstuśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science (shastra) of architecture (vastu), dealing with topics such architecture, sculpture, town-building, fort building and various other constructions. Vastu also deals with the philosophy of the architectural relation with the cosmic universe.

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Mantrashastra (the science of Mantras)

Source: Wisdom Library: Mantrashastra

Pīḍita (पीडित) refers to one of the various mantradoṣa (“defects of mantras”), according to Tantric digests such as the Bṛhattantrasāra (part 4 page 814), Nāradapurāṇa (Nārada-mahā-purāṇa) (verses 64.14-58), Śaradātilaka (verses 2.71-108), Padārthādarśa and Śrīvidyārṇava-tantra.—Pīḍita is defined as “mantra consisting of 1000 syllables”. [unverified translation!] The Mantra defect elimination methods consist in performing purification rites (saṃskāra).—See Kulārṇava-tantra verse 15.71-2 and Śaradātilaka verse 2.114-22.

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Mantrashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, mantraśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mantras—chants, incantations, spells, magical hymns, etc. Mantra Sastra literature includes many ancient books dealing with the methods reciting mantras, identifying and purifying its defects and the science behind uttering or chanting syllables.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Pīḍita (पीडित) refers to “being pressed (by the five bindings)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [as the Bhagavān teaches the offering manual of the root-heart] “[...] Thus the great Nāgas can never hurl down untimely cold spells, winds, clouds and thunderbolts. They cannot even ever cause harm to leaves of grass. All will be bound pressed (pīḍita) by the five bindings. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: The University of Sydney: A study of the Twelve Reflections

Pīḍita (पीडित) refers to “(being) afflicted” (by a multitude of diseases ), according to the 11th century Jñānārṇava, a treatise on Jain Yoga in roughly 2200 Sanskrit verses composed by Śubhacandra.—Accordingly, “For great men, what kind of delight is there in the body which is riddled with a multitude of hundreds of worms, afflicted by a multitude of diseases (rogapracaya-pīḍita) [and] worn out by old age? Whatever thing here in the body, which is the foul abode of bad odours, is considered by the one whose mind is pure, that bestows contempt on everything”.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

pīḍita (पीडित).—p (S) Pained, tormented, afflicted, distressed.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Pīḍita (पीडित).—p. p. [pīḍ-kta]

1) Pained, harassed, tormented, oppressed, pinched.

2) Squeezed, pressed; गाढालिङ्गनसङ्गपीडितमुखम् (gāḍhāliṅganasaṅgapīḍitamukham) (stanam) Mu.2.12.

3) Espoused, held, seized; न प्रमाणीकृतः पाणिर्बाल्ये बालेन पीडितः (na pramāṇīkṛtaḥ pāṇirbālye bālena pīḍitaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 7. 5.

4) Violated, broken.

5) Laid waste, devastated.

6) Eclipsed.

7) Bound, tied.

-tam 1 Paining, injuring, harassing.

2) A particular mode of sexual enjoyment.

-tam ind. Fast, closely, firmly.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pīḍita (पीडित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Bound, tied. 2. Pained, suffering pain or distress. 3. Laid waste, destroyed, devastated. 4. Rubbed, chafed. 5. Squeezed, pressed. 6. Espoused: see pīḍana. 7. Violated. 8. Oppressed, harassed. 9. Eclipsed. n.

(-taṃ) 1. Injuring, harassing. 2. A mode of sexual enjoyment. E. pīḍā pain, itac aff. or pīḍa-kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pīḍita (पीडित).—[neuter] harm, mischief.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Pīḍita (पीडित):—[from pīḍ] mfn. squeezed, pressed, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] hurt, injured, afflicted, distressed, troubled, badly off, [ib.]

3) [v.s. ...] covered, eclipsed, obscured, [Varāha-mihira]

4) [v.s. ...] laid waste, [Horace H. Wilson]

5) [v.s. ...] bound, tied, [ib.]

6) [v.s. ...] suppressed

7) [v.s. ...] badly pronounced, [Atharvaveda-prātiśākhya]

8) [from pīḍ] n. damage, [Gautama-dharma-śāstra]

9) [v.s. ...] harassment, annoyance, [Mahābhārata] ([varia lectio] pīḍana)

10) [v.s. ...] a kind of coitus, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Pīḍita (पीडित):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Squeezed, rubbed; bound; pained; devastated.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Pīḍita (पीडित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Pīḍia, Pīlia, Pellia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Pidita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Pīḍita (पीडित):—(a) oppressed, tortured; afflicted, distressed.

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Piḍita (ಪಿಡಿತ):—

1) [noun] the act of holding (with one’s hands).

2) [noun] the act or fact of controlling; power to direct or regulate; ability to use effectively; control.

3) [noun] an established way of doing something; system.

4) [noun] any of several modes of holding one’s opponent in wrestling.

--- OR ---

Pīḍita (ಪೀಡಿತ):—

1) [adjective] squeezed; pressed; compressed.

2) [adjective] afflicted; troubled; harmed; annoyed; hurt.

--- OR ---

Pīḍita (ಪೀಡಿತ):—

1) [noun] a man who is afflicted, troubled, harmed or hurt.

2) [noun] anything that is hurt.

3) [noun] an afflicted condition; pain; suffering; affliction.

4) [noun] (as per Indian erotica) a particular mode of kissing; a kissing hard by pressing another’s lips with one’s lips.

5) [noun] a mode of sexual union in which the woman lying on her back gets pressed hard by the man.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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