Nimna: 20 definitions


Nimna means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nimn.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Nimna (निम्न).—A Yādava. (Bhāgavata, 9th Skandha).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Nimna (निम्न).—The son of Anamitra and father of two sons, Satrājita and Prasena.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 13.
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Shilpashastra (iconography)

Source: Wisdom Library: Śilpa-śāstra

Nimna (निम्न) refers to members of the moulding of a pedestal (pīṭha), used in the construction of liṅgas. The word liṅga refers to a symbol used in the worship of Śiva and is used thoughout Śaiva literature, such as the sacred Āgamas.

Shilpashastra book cover
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Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Nimna (निम्न) refers to “deep-set” (e.g., one who has a deep-set navel), according to the Kularatnoddyota, one of the earliest Kubjikā Tantras.—Accordingly, “[...] (The gross form has) five faces, ten arms and, pure, it has a smiling face. [...] Her stomach is thin, navel, deep set [i.e., nimna-nābhi] and thighs large. (Her) hips and knees are very soft. She has beautiful thighs and red finger (nails) that are very beautiful. She (wears) beautiful cloths, a divine garland and an excellent shawl. (She wears) a necklace made of large gems, bangles on her limbs, anklets and a blazing diadem of rubies (māṇikya). O supreme mistress, adorned with divine rings (on her fingers), she sits on a svastika (as her) seat”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Ganitashastra (Mathematics and Algebra)

Source: Science And Technology In Medievel India (Math)

Nimna (निम्न) or Nimnavṛtta refers to a “concave surface” representing one of the eight divisions of a circle (vṛtta), as described in the Kṣetragaṇitaśāstra, as mentioned in A. Rahman’s Science and Technology in Medievel India: A bibliography of source materials in Sanskrit, Arabic and Persian.—Ancient and medieval India produced a wide range of scientific manuscripts and major contributions lie in the field of medicine, astronomy and mathematics, besides covering encyclopedic glossaries and technical dictionaries.—The Kṣetragaṇita-śāstra is a Sanskrit mathematical treatise dealing with the art of measuring lands, containing well-defined and established technical terms [e.g., Nimna-vṛtta] wanted for practical use in the Tamil language.

Ganitashastra book cover
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Ganitashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, gaṇitaśāstra) refers to the ancient Indian science of mathematics, algebra, number theory, arithmetic, etc. Closely allied with astronomy, both were commonly taught and studied in universities, even since the 1st millennium BCE. Ganita-shastra also includes ritualistic math-books such as the Shulba-sutras.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Nimna (निम्न) [=Nimnatā?] refers to “inclination (towards the dharma)”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “How then, son of good family, does the Bodhisattva who has attained memory never forget? Son of good family, the Bodhisattva attains memory (dhāraṇī) by purifying his memory. What then is the purification of memory? Son of good family, there are thirty-two purifications of memory. What are the thirty-two? To wit, (1) seeking the dharma; (2) delight in the dharma; (3) taking pleasure in the delights of the dharma; (4) inclination towards the dharma (dharma-nimnatā); [...]”

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nimna (निम्न).—a S Deep.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nimna (निम्न).—a Deep.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nimna (निम्न).—a.

1) Deep (lit. and fig.); चकितहरिणीप्रेक्षणा निम्ननाभिः (cakitahariṇīprekṣaṇā nimnanābhiḥ) Meghadūta 84; Ṛtusaṃhāra 5.12; Śiśupālavadha 1.58.

2) Low, depressed.

-mna 1 Depth, low ground, low land; (kaḥ) पयश्च निम्नाभिमुखं प्रतीपयेत् (payaśca nimnābhimukhaṃ pratīpayet) Kumārasambhava 5.5; न च निम्नादिव सलिलं निवर्तते मे ततो हृदयम् (na ca nimnādiva salilaṃ nivartate me tato hṛdayam) Ś.3.2. (v. l.); Y.2.151; Ṛtusaṃhāra 2.13.

2) A slope, declivity.

3) A gap, chasm in the ground; यो नेमिनिम्नैरकरोच्छायां घ्नन् सप्त वारिधीन् (yo neminimnairakarocchāyāṃ ghnan sapta vāridhīn) Bhāgavata 5.1.39.

4) A depression, low part; जलनिबिडितवस्त्रव्यक्तनिम्नोन्नताभिः (jalanibiḍitavastravyaktanimnonnatābhiḥ) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 4.1.

5) A mean act (hīnakarma); निम्नेष्वीहां करिष्यन्ति हेतुवादविमोहिताः (nimneṣvīhāṃ kariṣyanti hetuvādavimohitāḥ) Mahābhārata (Bombay) 3.19.26.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nimna (निम्न).—adj. (= Pali ninna; compare abhi-nimna; in this sense once in Sanskrit, [Boehtlingk] 7 App.), inclined to, bent upon, headed for; often parallel with pravaṇa and prāgbhāra, as final in cpds.: Lalitavistara 180.16 viveka-ni°, -pravaṇa, -prāg- bhāra; Mahāvastu iii.62.13 nirvāṇa-ni°, pra°, prāg°; iii.61.8, same without °nimna; Mahāvyutpatti 808 (read sarvajñatā-ni°); 5163 (separate word, but associated with the other two); Divyāvadāna 50.12 buddha-ni° dharma-pravaṇā samgha-prāg- bhārā; same 80.4; Avadāna-śataka i.65.3—4 etc. (cliché); apāya-ni°, prav°, -prāg° headed for…, Divyāvadāna 95.28; Avadāna-śataka i.16.17; dharma-nimnatā °pravaṇatā °prāgbhāratā Śikṣāsamuccaya 191.8.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nimna (निम्न).—mfn.

(-mnaḥ-mnā-mnaṃ) 1. Deep, profound, (literally or figuratively.) 2. Low. 3. Low land 4. A slope. 5. A gap, a chasm in the ground. 6. A depression. E. ni before, mnā to mind, affix ka.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nimna (निम्न).—[ni + mna] (i. e. ni + man + a), I. adj., f. . 1. Deep, [Ṛtusaṃhāra] 5, 12; with na, high, grand, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 2, 36. Ii. n. Low ground, Mahābhārata 2, 784.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nimna (निम्न).—[neuter] depth, lowland; [adjective] deep, depressed, sunk, [instrumental] [plural] downwards.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nimna (निम्न):—n. ([from] ni, or √nam ?) depth, low ground, cavity, depression, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (nais ind. downwards, [x, 78, 5; 148, 5])

2) mf(ā)n. deep ([literally] and [figuratively]), low, depressed, sunk, [Varāha-mihira; Kāvya literature] etc.

3) (ifc.) inclined towards, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) m. Name of a prince, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nimna (निम्न):—[ni-mna] (mnaḥ-mnā-mnaṃ) a. Deep.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Nimna (निम्न) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Ṇiṇṇa.

[Sanskrit to German]

Nimna in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Nimna (निम्न) [Also spelled nimn]:—(a) low; mean; depressed; sunken; following, given below; ~[tama] lowest, lowermost; minimum; ~[tara] lower; ~[] lowness; ~[likhita] undermentioned, the following, mentioned below; ~[stha] low-lying, situated/located below.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Nimna (ನಿಮ್ನ):—

1) [adjective] hollow and curved like the inside of a bowl; concave.

2) [adjective] of inferior quality, status, rank, etc.

--- OR ---

Nimna (ನಿಮ್ನ):—

1) [noun] a hole (in the ground).

2) [noun] a deep place.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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