Prasena: 5 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Prasena means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

1) Prasena (प्रसेन).—A son of Karṇa. He was killed in the great battle by Sātyaki. (Śloka 6, Chapter 82, Karṇa Parva). (See full article at Story of Prasena from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

2) Prasena (प्रसेन).—A King of Vṛṣṇivaṃśa. Genealogy. Descending in order from Viṣṇu—Brahmā Atri—Candra—Budha—Purūravas—Āyus—Nahuṣa—Yayāti—Yadu—Sahasrajit—Śatajit—Hehaya -Dharma—Kunti—Bhadrasena—Dhanaka—Kṛtavīrya—Kārtavīryārjuna—Madhu—Vṛṣṇi—Yudhājit—Anamitra—Snigdha (Nimna)—Prasena. Snigdha had two sons, Prasena and Satrājit. Prasena and the Syamantaka. Satrājit and Sūrya (Sun) were friends. Once Satrājit requested Sūrya to give him some gift as a token of their friendship. Then Sūrya gave him the Syamantaka gem. If that stone was worshipped daily with pūjās by brāhmaṇas it would yield eight loads of gold daily. When once Satrājit travelled by air with that gem round his neck the people of Dvārakā mistook him for Viṣṇu. Śrī Kṛṣṇa was attracted by the beauty and power of that stone and he asked Satrājit that gem for a good price. Śrī Kṛṣṇa offered as much money as he wanted and still Satrājit did not part with it.

2) Once Prasena went hunting with that gem round his neck and he was attacked and killed by a lion. The lion while carrying the Syamantaka was killed by Jāmbavān and the latter carried the gem to his den and gave it to his children to play with.

2) When Prasena did not return from his hunting and was found later lying dead without the gem the news spread that the stone might have been stolen by Kṛṣṇa after killing Prasena. The slander reached the ears of Kṛṣṇa also and he went to the forest in search of the Syamantaka. He found the cave of Jāmbavān and on peeping in found the children of Jāmbavān playing with the gem. Jāmbavān attacked Kṛṣṇa and after a grim battle which lasted for several days Jāmbavān was defeated. When he knew that it was Kṛṣṇa who had defeated him he gave him along with the Syamantaka his daughter Jāmbavatī also Kṛṣṇa brought the gem and the girl to Dvārakā and gave back the gem to Satrājit. (Chapter 38, Harivaṃśa; Chapter 13, Part 8, Padma Purāṇa).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Prasena (प्रसेन).—A son of Nighna (Nimna) and brother of Satrājit (Sakrājit, Vāyu-purāṇa): went out ahunting with the Syamantaka jewel and was killed by a lion and the jewel was taken by it: his death wrongly ascribed to Govinda: was stationed by Kṛṣṇa (s.v.) to defend the western gate of Mathurā.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 13; X. 50. 20 [4]; 56. 13-14; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 21-52; Matsya-purāṇa 45. 3-18; Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 20, 30, 31, 33 and 35; Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 10, 29-39, 77.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Prasena (प्रसेन).—(?) , nt. (in Sanskrit, according to [Boehtlingk], eine Art Gaukelei, which seems certainly not what our word means), according to Tibetan gsal snaṅ, bright light, or bright clear: °nam Mahāvyutpatti 4268; Chin. also clear bright. Follows pratyālīḍham and precedes siddhiḥ; lack of context leaves meaning very obscure.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Prasena (प्रसेन).—[masculine] names of [several] princes.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Prasena (प्रसेन):—[=pra-sena] 1. pra-sena m. or (n. ?) f. a kind of jugglery, [Varāha-mihira’s Bṛhat-saṃhitā [Scholiast or Commentator]]

2) [v.s. ...] 2. pra-sena m. Name of a prince (son of Nighna or Nimna), [Harivaṃśa; Purāṇa]

3) [v.s. ...] of a king of Ujjayinī (succeeded by Vikramārka or Vikramāditya), [Inscriptions]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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