Nema, Nemā: 9 definitions


Nema means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Wisdom Library: India History

Nema (or, Nemā) refers to one of the 84 castes (gaccha) in the Jain community according to various sources. The associated place of origin is known as Harishcandrapuri (or, Hariścandrapurī). The Jain caste and sub-caste system was a comparatively later development within their community, and it may have arisen from the ancient classification of Brāhmaṇa, Kṣatriya, Vaiśya and Śūdra. Before distinction of these classes (such as Nema), the society was not divided into distinct separate sections, but all were considered as different ways of life and utmost importance was attached to individual chartacter and mode of behaviour.

According to Dr. Vilas Adinath Sangava, “Jainism does not recognise castes (viz., Nema) as such and at the same time the Jaina books do not specifically obstruct the observance of caste rules by the members of the Jaina community. The attitude of Jainism towards caste is that it is one of the social practices, unconnected with religion, observed by people; and it was none of its business to regulate the working of the caste system” (source).

The legendary account of the origin of these 84 Jain castes (eg., Nema) relate that once a rich Jain invited members of the Jain community in order to establish a vaiśya-mahāsabhā (i.e. Central Association of Traders). In response, 84 representatives came from different places (eg., Harishcandrapuri), and they were later seen as the progenitors of these castes. Various sources however mention differences in the list.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Nema, (cp. nemi) edge, point; root S. V, 445; A. IV, 404; gambhīra° (adj.) with deeply rooted point, firmly established S. V, 444; A. IV, 106. (Page 377)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

nēma (नेम).—m From niyama which see throughout. Ex. nēmācā jālā kaḷasa || kāsayā vyartha uphaṇūṃ bhūsa || lēkhaṇī na dharī ||. 2 Aim. v bāndha, dhara, lāva. 3 Measure. v ghē dē. nēma lāvaṇēṃ To lay down or establish a law or rule (or laws and rules); to appoint an order or a course of procedure. Ex. hyāstava avataralā tukā- rāma || sādhakāsa nēma lāvāvayā ||.

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nēma (नेम).—m n A hole dug in order to plant (a post, tree &c.) Pr. vāṅkaḍē mēḍhīsa vāṅkaḍēñca nēma.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

nēma (नेम).—m See niyama.

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nēma (नेम).—m n A hole dug in order to plant (a post, tree &c.) Pr. vāṅkaḍē mēḍhīsa vāṅkaḍēñca nēma.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Nema (नेम).—a. (Nom. pl. neme-nemāḥ)

1) Half.

-maḥ 1 A part.

2) A period, time, season.

3) A boundary, limit.

4) An enclosure, fence.

5) The foundation of a wall.

6) Fraud, deceit.

7) Evening.

8) A hole, ditch.

9) A root.

1) Acting, dancing.

11) Upper part.

12) Ved. Food.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Nema (नेम).—nt., a high number: Mahāvyutpatti 7712; 7838 (cited from Gaṇḍavyūha); Gaṇḍavyūha 105.21; 133.3.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nema (नेम).—m.

(-maḥ) 1. Time, period, season. 2. Term, boundary, limit. 3. Part, portion. 4. A fence, a boundary wall or hedge. 5. A hole, a chasm. 6. Fraud, deceit. 7. Acting, dancing. 8. Other, different. 9. Evening. 10. Up, above. 11. A root. 12. The foundation of a wall. E. ṇī to gain, Unadi aff. man.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Nema (नेम).—adj. the one, some; nema—nema the one—the other; half (°—).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Nema (नेम):—mfn. ([from] na ima [?]; [locative case] nemasmin [nominative case] [plural] neme and mās cf. [Pāṇini 1-1, 33]) one, several

2) [nema-nema], the one-the other, [Ṛg-veda unaccented, vi, 16, 18]

3) ([in the beginning of a compound]) half (cf. [Nirukta, by Yāska iii, 20])

4) m. Name of a Ṛṣi with the [patronymic] Bhārgava (author of [Ṛg-veda viii, 89])

5) (only [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]) portion

6) time

7) limit

8) boundary

9) the foundation of a wall (cf. nemi)

10) a hole

11) upper part, above

12) deceit

13) acting, dancing

14) evening

15) a root

16) food, rice;

17) n. a [particular] high number, [Buddhist literature]

18) cf. [Zend] naima.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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