Namarupa, Nāmarūpa, Nama-rupa: 10 definitions
Namarupa means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.
Nāmarūpa (नामरूप):—The universe of our empirical experience is composed of Ideation (nāma) and Form (rūpa). We see the universe and then participate in it through the process of naming everything. By naming something we are able to understand it and obtain a sense of control over it. So this process of creating, cognising and naming are all symbolised by the drum (ḍamaru), held in the right upper hand of Naṭarāja (a dancing form of Śiva).
Shilpashastra (शिल्पशास्त्र, śilpaśāstra) represents the ancient Indian science (shastra) of creative arts (shilpa) such as sculpture, iconography and painting. Closely related to Vastushastra (architecture), they often share the same literature.
Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)
Name and form; mind and matter; mentality physicality. The union of mental phenomena (nama) and physical phenomena (rupa) that constitutes the five aggregates (khandha), and which lies at a crucial link in the causal chain of dependent co arising (paticca samuppada).Source: Pali Kanon: Manual of Buddhist Terms and Doctrines
(lit. 'name and form'): 'mind-and-body', mentality and corporeality. It is the 4th link in the dependent origination (s. paticcasamuppāda 3, 4) where it is conditioned by consciousness, and on its part is the condition of the sixfold sense-base. In two texts (D. 14, 15), which contain variations of the dependent origination, the mutual conditioning of consciousness and mind-and-body is described (see also S. XII, 67), and the latter is said to be a condition of sense-impression (phassa); so also in Sn. 872.
The third of the seven purifications (s. visuddhi), the purification of views, is defined in Vis.M. XVIII as the "correct seeing of mind-and-body," and various methods for the discernment of mind-and-body by way of insight-meditation (vipassanā, q.v.) are given there. In this context, 'mind' (nāma) comprises all four mental groups, including consciousness. - See nāma.
In five-group-existence (pañca-vokāra-bhava, q.v.), mind-and body are inseparable and interdependent; and this has been illustrated by comparing them with two sheaves of reeds propped against each other: when one falls the other will fall, too; and with a blind man with stout legs, carrying on his shoulders a lame cripple with keen eye-sight: only by mutual assistance can they move about efficiently (s. Vis.M. XVIII, 32ff). On their mutual dependence, see also paticca-samuppāda (3).
With regard to the impersonality and dependent nature of mind and corporeality it is said:
"Sound is not a thing that dwells inside the conch-shell and comes out from time to time, but due to both, the conch-shell and the man that blows it, sound comes to arise: Just so, due to the presence of vitality, heat and consciousness, this body may execute the acts of going, standing, sitting and lying down, and the 5 sense-organs and the mind may perform their various functions" (D. 23).
"Just as a wooden puppet though unsubstantial, lifeless and inactive may by means of pulling strings be made to move about, stand up, and appear full of life and activity; just so are mind and body, as such, something empty, lifeless and inactive; but by means of their mutual working together, this mental and bodily combination may move about, stand up, and appear full of life and activity."
Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).
Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)
Nāmarūpa (नामरूप, “Name-and-form”) refers to the fourth of twelve pratītyasamutpāda (dependent origination) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X. Vijñāna produces both the four formless aggregates (arūpiskandha) [perception (saṃjñā), feeling (vedanā), volition (saṃskāra), consciousness (vijñāna)] and form (rūpa) which serves as base them. This is name and form, nāmarūpa. From this nāmarūpa there arise the six sense organs, eye (cakṣus), etc. These are the ṣaḍāyatanas, the six inner bases of consciousness.
Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.
General definition (in Buddhism)
Nāmarūpa (नामरूप) refers to “name and bodily-form” and represents the fourth of the “twelve factors of conditional origination” (pratītyasamutpāda) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 42). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (e.g., nāmarūpa). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.
Languages of India and abroad
nāmarūpa (नामरूप).—n (S) Name and repute &c. See nāṃvarūpa.Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
nāmarūpa (नामरूप).—n Name and form.
Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.
Nāmarūpa (नामरूप).—[neuter] name and form.Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary
1) Nāmarūpa (नामरूप):—[=nāma-rūpa] n. [dual number] name and form, [Brāhmaṇa; Upaniṣad] etc. (pātmaka mfn.)
2) [v.s. ...] = individual being, [Monier-Williams’ Buddhism 102.]
[Sanskrit to German]
Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.
See also (Relevant definitions)
Starts with: Namarupa Sutta, Namarupaparjecheda, Namarupasamasa, Namarupatita, Namarupatmaka.
Full-text (+6): Upapattibhava, Mind And Corporeality, Corporeality And Mind, Namarupatmaka, Rupakaya, Nama, Vipassananga, Udara, Pratityasamutpada, Parinna, Sparsha, Shadayatana, Vijnana, Paticcasamuppada, Vinnana, Sunna, Vijnanabija, Phassa, Nidana, Rupa.
Search found 63 books and stories containing Namarupa, Nāmarūpa, Nama-rupa, Nāma-rūpa; (plurals include: Namarupas, Nāmarūpas, rupas, rūpas). You can also click to the full overview containing English textual excerpts. Below are direct links for the most relevant articles:
A Discourse on Paticcasamuppada (by Venerable Mahasi Sayadaw)
Chapter 3 - Upapattibhava < [Part 8]
Chapter 5 - Distinctive Character < [Part 10]
Chapter 10 - Cutting Off At The Foundation < [Part 6]
The Doctrine of Paticcasamuppada (by U Than Daing)
Chapter 2 - Sections, Links, Factors And Periods
Chapter 1 - What Is Paticcasamuppada?
Chapter 9 - The Circling Of Paticcasamuppada
A Manual of Abhidhamma (by Nārada Thera)
The Law of Dependent Arising < [Chapter VIII - The Compendium Of Relations]
Mixed Categories < [Chapter VII - Abhidhamma Categories]
Fundamentals of Vipassana Meditation (by Venerable Mahāsi Sayādaw)
Abhidhamma in Daily Life (by Ashin Janakabhivamsa) (by Ashin Janakabhivamsa)
Part 6 - What Is Nibbána? < [Chapter 11 - Planes Of Existence]
A History of Indian Philosophy Volume 1 (by Surendranath Dasgupta)
Part 4 - The Doctrine of Causal Connection of early Buddhism < [Chapter V - Buddhist Philosophy]
Part 6 - The Fundamental Ideas of Jaina Ontology < [Chapter VI - The Jaina Philosophy]
Part 5 - Vedānta and Śaṅkara (788-820 A.D.) < [Chapter X - The Śaṅkara School Of Vedānta]