Shadayatana, Shash-ayatana, Ṣaḍāyatana: 3 definitions

Introduction

Shadayatana means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Ṣaḍāyatana can be transliterated into English as Sadayatana or Shadayatana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shadayatana in Mahayana glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Ṣaḍāyatana (षडायतन, “six sense organs”) (pali saḷāyatana) refers to the fifth of twelve pratītyasamutpāda (dependent origination) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter X. From nāmarūpa there arise the six sense organs, eye (cakṣus), etc. These are the ṣaḍāyatanas, the six inner bases of consciousness. The meeting (saṃnipāta) of organ (indriya), object (viṣaya) and a consciousness (vijñāna) is called sparśa, contact.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

Discover the meaning of shadayatana or sadayatana in the context of Mahayana from relevant books on Exotic India

General definition (in Buddhism)

[«previous (S) next»] — Shadayatana in Buddhism glossary
Source: Wisdom Library: Dharma-samgraha

Ṣaḍāyatana (षडायतन) refers to “the six sense spheres” and represents the fifth of the “twelve factors of conditional origination” (pratītyasamutpāda) as defined in the Dharma-saṃgraha (section 42). The Dharma-samgraha (Dharmasangraha) is an extensive glossary of Buddhist technical terms in Sanskrit (eg., ṣaḍāyatana). The work is attributed to Nagarjuna who lived around the 2nd century A.D.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Ṣaḍa-ayatana.—cf. Prakrit ṣaḍ-ayadana (CII 2-1), the six organs. Note: ṣaḍa-ayatana is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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See also (Relevant definitions)

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