Mudrita: 16 definitions

Introduction:

Mudrita means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Mudirt.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Wisdom Library: Saṅgītaśiromaṇi

Mudrita (मुद्रित, “closed”) refers to one of the fifteen aspects of gamaka (embellishments, ornamentation) that are used in Indian classical music (gāndharva), according to the Saṅgītaśiromaṇi 14.83-94. These gamakas refer to essential elements of the sthāyas (technical phrases) of rāgas (melodic modes). Accordingly, “a mudrita (i.e. a kind of echo effect; Italian: smorzato) is produced by closing the mouth”.

Source: archive.org: Northern Indian Music Volume I

Mudrita (मुद्रित, “sealed”) refers to one of the gamakas (graces):—“The gamaka called mudrita (sealed) is produced by closing the mouth”. (Saṅgītaratnākara 2.3.95)

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Raj Nighantu

Mudrita (मुद्रित) refers to a “half-closed/half-opnened bud” (of a flower), as mentioned in a list of ten synonyms, according to the second chapter (dharaṇyādi-varga) of the 13th-century Raj Nighantu or Rājanighaṇṭu (an Ayurvedic encyclopedia). The Dharaṇyādi-varga covers the lands, soil, mountains, jungles and vegetation’s relations between trees [viz., Mudrita] and plants and substances, with their various kinds.

Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

1) Mudrita (मुद्रित) refers to “sealed” [e.g., a ‘sealed’ door], according to the Kaulajñānanirṇaya.—Accordingly, “The Nameless (energy) [i.e., anāmā] is fixed in the Heart [i.e., hṛdaya]. This is the Gesture (mudrā) that bestows the goddess. If one sees her in the End of the Twelve, she shines (like) a necklace of gems. This is the Gesture (mudrā) called Anāmā; once (it is) known (one attains) the (liberated) sky-faring state. O beloved, one must break though the door which, endowed with consciousness, is sealed [i.e., mudrita] with the Five Seals (of the lower Wheels) and is well obstructed by the chain (of the door). [...]”.

2) Mudrita (मुद्रित) refers to “that which has been sealed” (i.e., that which has been hidden by the power of consciousness), according to the Manthānabhairavatantra, a vast sprawling work that belongs to a corpus of Tantric texts concerned with the worship of the goddess Kubjikā.—Accordingly, “Gesture is said to be Power (śakti). It will melt what has been sealed (mudrita). Therefore, O Supreme Goddess, it is called and said to be ‘mudrā’. The 'sealed' is said to be what has been hidden by the power of consciousness which is both inferior and supreme. O fair lady, (from this point of view) Gesture is said to be that due to which one does not know (reality).”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: academia.edu: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Mudrita (मुद्रित) refers to “sealed”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “[...] Then, the bodhisatva, the great being, Gaganagañja addressed himself to the Lord: [...] (23) [How are Bodhisattvas] skilled in knowing the entrance into the dependent origination, and free from all views of two extremes? (24) [How do the Bodhisattvas see] the suchness without any differentiation between knowledge (jñāna) and skillful means as sealed with the seal of the Tathāgata (tathāgatamudrā-mudrita)? [...]’”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Tibetan Buddhism (Vajrayana or tantric Buddhism)

Source: OSU Press: Cakrasamvara Samadhi

Mudrita (मुद्रित) refers to “(being) sealed (six times)”, according to the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi [i.e., Cakrasamvara Meditation] ritual often performed in combination with the Cakrasaṃvara Samādhi, which refers to the primary pūjā and sādhanā practice of Newah Mahāyāna-Vajrayāna Buddhists in Nepal.—Accordingly, “Having joy, passion, and various other emotions, dancing in half paryaṅka, A seal sealed six times (mudrā-ṣaḍ-mudrita-aṅgī)! Clothing fallen away, and half of sixteen caverns!”.

Tibetan Buddhism book cover
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Tibetan Buddhism includes schools such as Nyingma, Kadampa, Kagyu and Gelug. Their primary canon of literature is divided in two broad categories: The Kangyur, which consists of Buddha’s words, and the Tengyur, which includes commentaries from various sources. Esotericism and tantra techniques (vajrayāna) are collected indepently.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

mudrita (मुद्रित).—p S Sealed. 2 Marked, struck, stamped, imprinted.

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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mudrita (मुद्रित).—a.

1) Sealed, marked, impressed, stamped; त्यागः सप्तसमुद्रमुद्रितमहीनिर्व्याजदानावधिः (tyāgaḥ saptasamudramudritamahīnirvyājadānāvadhiḥ) Mv.2.36; काश्मीरमुद्रित- मुरो मधुसूदनस्य (kāśmīramudrita- muro madhusūdanasya) Gītagovinda 1; स्वयं सिन्दूरेण द्विपरणमुदा मुद्रित इव (svayaṃ sindūreṇa dviparaṇamudā mudrita iva) 11.

2) Closed, sealed up.

3) Unblown.

4) Printed.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mudrita (मुद्रित).—mfn.

(-taḥ-tā-taṃ) 1. Sealed. 2. Marked, struck, stamped. 3. Contracted, closed, sealed up. 4. Unblown, (as a flower.) E. mudrā a seal, itac aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mudrita (मुद्रित).—i. e. mudrā + ita, adj. 1. Sealed. 2. Stamped, marked, [Daśakumāracarita] in Chr. 197, 3; written, [Hitopadeśa] iv. [distich] 10. 3. Sealed up, contracted, 4. Unblown (as a flower).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mudrita (मुद्रित):—[from mudrā] mfn. sealed, stamped, impressed, printed, marked, [Kāvya literature; Kāmandakīya-nītisāra]

2) [v.s. ...] contracted, closed, sealed up, [Kāvya literature; Kathāsaritsāgara] (nidrā-m sunk in sleep, [Daśakumāra-carita])

3) [v.s. ...] strung, bound, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) [v.s. ...] unblown (as a flower), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] intertwined in [particular] forms (as the fingers; cf. mudrā), [Pañcarātra]

6) [v.s. ...] n. impressing a seal on ([locative case]), [Hitopadeśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mudrita (मुद्रित):—[(taḥ-tā-taṃ) a.] Sealed up; stamped, marked; unblown.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mudrita (मुद्रित) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Muddia.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mudrita in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mudrita in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Mudrita (मुद्रित) [Also spelled mudirt]:—(v) printed; stamped; sealed; ~[tālabhya] out of print.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mudrita (ಮುದ್ರಿತ):—

1) [adjective] attested by an official symbol; sealed.

2) [adjective] marked; identified or disignated by a mark or marks.

3) [adjective] printed; imprinted.

4) [adjective] covered; having a cover on or over.

5) [adjective] enclosed; surrounded all around (by).

--- OR ---

Mudrita (ಮುದ್ರಿತ):—[noun] a kind of regulated vibration produced while singing, with closed mouth.

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Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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