Edamuka, Eḍamūka, Eda-muka: 5 definitions

Introduction

Edamuka means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Maha Prajnaparamita Sastra

Eḍamūka (एडमूक) refers to the “assembly of dumb sheep” and represents one of the four types of saṃghas (assemblies) according to the 2nd century Mahāprajñāpāramitāśāstra chapter VI. Accordingly, “what is the assembly (saṃgha) of dumb sheep (eḍamūka)? This assembly does not violate the precepts but its faculties are dull (mṛdvindriya) and it lacks wisdom (prajñā). It is unable to discern the beautiful and the ugly, the light and the heavy, that which is sinful (āpatti) and that which is not sinful (anāpatti). If there is some business in the saṃgha where two people are arguing, it is not capable of cutting through the question and remains silent without saying a word like a white sheep that cannot make a sound until it is butchered”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Eḍamūka (एडमूक).—a.

1) deaf and dumb; cf. अनेडमूक (aneḍamūka).

2) wicked, perverse.

Eḍamūka is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms eḍa and mūka (मूक).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Eḍamūka (एडमूक).—adj. (compare eḍaka-mūka; = Pali eḷamūga), stupid (lit. dumb) as a sheep (this, not deaf and dumb, seems to be the regular meaning in Pali and BHS, see CPD s.v. an-elamūga, an-eḷa°, and e.g. Miln. 251.1—2 dup- paññā jaḷā eḷamūgā mūḷhā dandhagatikā janā): Mvy 7684 = Tibetan lug ltar (sheep-like) lkug pa (dumb, also stupid); Chin. also dumb, dumb like sheep, but Japanese deaf and dumb; it must be admitted the Japanese editor's view gets some support from the next word in Mvy, hasta- saṃvācakaḥ (see saṃvācaka); AsP 113.2 eḍamūkajā- tīyā(ḥ) prajñāparihīṇās; °ka-saṃgha MSV iii.116.18, 21; Śikṣ 51.6 dhanva-(= dhandha-, q.v.)-gatiṃ jaḍaiḍa- mūka-gatiṃ; 284.1 dha- (erasure, read nva for ndha)- jaḍa-eḍamūka-jātīyāḥ. Sanskrit lexicons seem to have ab- stracted from this cpd. an adj. eḍa, deaf, assuming that the cpd. means deaf and dumb; and in some late texts (see Schmidt, Nachtr.), perhaps by direct borrowing from lexx., this usage is actually found in literature. Did Mvy also know this interpretation? Sheep are proverbially stupid in other countries than India.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Eḍamūka (एडमूक).—mfn.

(-kaḥ-kā-kaṃ) 1. Deaf and dumb. 2. Wicked, perverse. E. eḍa deaf, and mūka dumb.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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