Mudha, Mūḍha, Mudhā: 11 definitions

Introduction

Mudha means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Wisdom Library: Hinduism

Mūḍha (मूढ) is a Sanskrit word referring to a fool or rascal (asslike person).

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mudhā : (ind.) gratis; for nothing.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Mudhā, (adv.) (Class. Sk. mudhā) for nothing, gratis VvA. 77. (Page 538)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

muḍhā (मुढा).—m Commonly muḍā m esp. in Sig. I.

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mūḍha (मूढ).—a (S) Unlearned or ignorant: also dull, stupid, foolish. 2 S Immerged in the sun's rays--a planet.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

mūḍha (मूढ).—a Ignorant; dull.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mudhā (मुधा).—ind.

1) In vain, to no purpose, uselessly, unprofitably; यत्किंचिदपि संवीक्ष्य कुरुते हसितं मुधा (yatkiṃcidapi saṃvīkṣya kurute hasitaṃ mudhā) S. D.

2) Wrongly, falsely; रात्रिः सैव पुनः स एव दिवसो मत्वा मुधा जन्तवः (rātriḥ saiva punaḥ sa eva divaso matvā mudhā jantavaḥ) Bh.3.78 (v. l.).

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Mūḍha (मूढ).—p. p. [muh-kta]

1) Stupefied, infatuated; मूढाः शोणितगन्धेन निपेतुर्धरणीतले (mūḍhāḥ śoṇitagandhena nipeturdharaṇītale) Rām.6.52.15; प्रत्यासन्नविपत्तिमूढ- मनसां प्रायो मतिः क्षीयते (pratyāsannavipattimūḍha- manasāṃ prāyo matiḥ kṣīyate) Pt.2.4.

2) Perplexed, bewildered, confounded, at a loss; किंकर्तव्यतामूढः (kiṃkartavyatāmūḍhaḥ) 'being at a loss what to do'; so ह्रीमूढ (hrīmūḍha) Me.7.

3) Foolish, silly, dull, stupid, ignorant; अल्पस्य हेतोर्बहु हातुमिच्छन् विचारमूढः प्रतिभासि मे त्वम् (alpasya hetorbahu hātumicchan vicāramūḍhaḥ pratibhāsi me tvam) R.2.47.

4) Mistaken, erring, deceived, gone astray.

5) Abortive.

6) Confounding.

-ḍhaḥ A fool, blockhead, dolt, an ignorant person; मूढः परप्रत्ययनेयबुद्धिः (mūḍhaḥ parapratyayaneyabuddhiḥ) M.1.2.

-ḍhāḥ (m. pl.) An epithet of the elements in the Sāṅkhya philosophy.

-ḍham confusion of mind.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mūḍha (मूढ) or Muṭa or Moṭa or Moṭaka.—and see s.v. moṭikā (m. ? compare Vedic mūta, mūtaka; late Sanskrit mūṭaka, pw; Prakrit mūḍa, mūḍha, ‘a large measure of grain’; and s.v. mūtoḍī, which may be related), some sort of basket, bag, or large container; chiefly in an identical cliché, a list of containers and means of transporting goods: śaka- ṭair bhārair muṭaiḥ (etc.) piṭakaiḥ (this word is once or twice transposed before m°; in Kv it is spelled piṭhakair, [Page434-b+ 71] once pī°), so, with muṭaiḥ, Kv 28.17; 71.8; one ms. at Divy 524.16 (and ed. by em. 501.27); mūṭaiḥ Av i.199.14; Kv 52.23; and ed. em. Divy 524.16; mūḍhaiḥ, all mss. Divy 332.5 (kept in ed.); 501.27 (ed. em. muṭaiḥ), and 3 of 4 mss. 524.16 (ed. em. mūṭaiḥ); moṭaiḥ Divy 5.8; kuśa-moṭakaṃ baddhvā MSV i.100.6.

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Mūḍha (मूढ) or Mūṭa.—see muṭa.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mudhā (मुधा).—Ind. In vain, uselessly, unprofitably, idly. E. muh to be foolish, aff. kā; ha changed to dha .

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Mūḍha (मूढ).—mfn.

(-ḍhaḥ-ḍhā-ḍhaṃ) 1. Foolish, ignorant. 2. Cold, apathetic, stupid. 3. Perplexed, in doubt. 4. Deceived, erring. m.

(-ḍhaḥ) 1. An idiot, a fool. 2. A sluggard. E. muh to be foolish, aff. kta, form irr.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mudhā (मुधा):—ind. (√muh) in vain, uselessly, to no purpose, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature etc.]

2) falsely, wrongly, [Bhartṛhari] ([varia lectio])

3) Mūḍha (मूढ):—[from muh] a mfn. stupefied, bewildered, perplexed, confused, uncertain or at a loss about ([locative case] or [compound]), [Atharva-veda] etc. etc.

4) [v.s. ...] stupid, foolish, dull, silly, simple, [Manu-smṛti; Mahābhārata] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] swooned, indolent, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] gone astray or adrift, [Āśvalāyana-gṛhya-sūtra]

7) [v.s. ...] driven out of its course (as a ship), [Rāmāyaṇa]

8) [v.s. ...] wrong, out of the right place (as the fetus in delivery), [Suśruta]

9) [v.s. ...] not to be ascertained, not clear, indistinct, [Āpastamba; Rāmāyaṇa]

10) [v.s. ...] perplexing, confounding, [Viṣṇu-purāṇa]

11) [v.s. ...] m. a fool, dolt, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

12) [v.s. ...] m. [plural] (in Sāṃkhya) Name of the elements, [Tattvasamāsa]

13) [v.s. ...] n. confusion of mind, [Sarvadarśana-saṃgraha]

14) b mūḍha-garbha etc. See [column]2.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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