Mrishta, Mṛṣṭa: 14 definitions


Mrishta means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Mṛṣṭa can be transliterated into English as Mrsta or Mrishta, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Mṛṣṭa (मृष्ट) refers to “savoury”, as mentioned in verse 5.1-2 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly, “[...] vitalizing, refreshing, pleasing one’s stomach, satisfying, stimulating one’s intellect, thin, of indistinct taste, savoury [viz., mṛṣṭa], cold, light, (and) nectar-like (is) Ganges water fallen from the sky; (as it is), however, touched by sun, moon, and wind (in falling), it is largely dependent upon place and time so far as its wholesomeness and unwholesomeness are concerned”.

Note: In nearly all cases the views of the scholiasts seem to have been shared by the translators. A fine example is mṛṣṭa (“clean”), which has been interpreted to mean źim (“savoury”), in keeping with Aruṇadatta’s statement that “mṛṣṭaṃ śuddham iti na vyākhyeyam”—“mṛṣṭa (is) not to be explained (here) as śuddha”. (Aruṇadatta glosses, āsvādasukha—“pleasant in taste”; Candranandana, svādu—“sweet”; Indu, svādutvādiguṇayukta—“connected with the qualities of sweetness etc.”).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Source: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mṛṣṭa (मृष्ट) refers to “brilliant (lustre)”, according to the Śivapurāṇa 2.3.5.—Accordingly, as Brahmā narrated to Nārada the birth of Menā’s daughter:—“[...] She made clay idol of the Goddess and worshipped her by offering various things on the banks of the Gaṅgā in Auṣadhiprastha. On some days she observed a complete fast. On some days she observed sacred rites. Some days wind alone constituted her food and some days she drank only water. With her mind fixed on Śivā, Menā passed twenty seven years with pleasure and brilliant lustre [i.e., mṛṣṭa-varcas]. [...]”.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Mṛṣṭa (मृष्ट) or Mṛṣṭānna refers to “good (and sweet) (meals)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 16) (“On the planets—graha-bhaktiyoga”), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] Venus also presides over perfumes, flowers, perfumed paste, gems, diamonds, ornaments, lotus or conch shells, beds, bridegrooms, young men, young women, objects tending to provoke lustful desires and persons that eat good (mṛṣṭa-anna) and sweet meals; over gardens, waters, voluptuaries and lewed men; over fame, comfort, generosity, beauty, and learning, over ministers, merchants, potters, birds and triphala”.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Sports, Arts and Entertainment (wordly enjoyments)

[«previous next»] — Mrishta in Arts glossary
Source: Syainika Sastra of Rudradeva with English Translation (art)

Mṛṣṭa (मृष्ट) refers to “polished (ear-rings)”, according to the Śyainika-śāstra: a Sanskrit treatise dealing with the divisions and benefits of Hunting and Hawking, written by Rājā Rudradeva (or Candradeva) in possibly the 13th century.—Accordingly, [while discussing the outlines of hawking]: “Young men wearing polished ear-rings (mṛṣṭa-kuṇḍala), nicely dressed in good clothes, well versed in the art of hawking, should carry the hawks in their hands every day in different ways. When they are found to be welltrained, the king himself should come out on a day auspicious for hunting to see the sport. [...]”.

Arts book cover
context information

This section covers the skills and profiencies of the Kalas (“performing arts”) and Shastras (“sciences”) involving ancient Indian traditions of sports, games, arts, entertainment, love-making and other means of wordly enjoyments. Traditionally these topics were dealt with in Sanskrit treatises explaing the philosophy and the justification of enjoying the pleasures of the senses.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mṛṣṭa (मृष्ट).—p. p. [mṛj mṛś vā-kta]

1) (a) Cleansed, purified; शरच्छशिकरैर्मृष्टं मानयन् रजनीमुखम् (śaracchaśikarairmṛṣṭaṃ mānayan rajanīmukham) Bhāgavata 3.2.34. (b) Pure, clean; भक्षयित्वा फलान्यथ । मूलानि च सुमृष्टानि (bhakṣayitvā phalānyatha | mūlāni ca sumṛṣṭāni)... Rām.7.93.8.

2) Besmeared.

3) Dressed, cooked.

4) Touched; स्थितपतितं च करोति मृष्टमन्नम् (sthitapatitaṃ ca karoti mṛṣṭamannam) Bṛ. S.

5) Considered, deliberated.

6) Savoury, agreeable; मांसानि च सुमृष्टानि (māṃsāni ca sumṛṣṭāni) Rām. 7.39.26; ग्रासं सुमृष्टं विरसं महान्तं स्तोकमेव वा । यदृच्छयैवापतितं ग्रसेदाजगरोऽक्रियः (grāsaṃ sumṛṣṭaṃ virasaṃ mahāntaṃ stokameva vā | yadṛcchayaivāpatitaṃ grasedājagaro'kriyaḥ) || Bhāgavata 11.8.2.

7) Sprinkled.

-ṣṭam Pepper.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mṛṣṭa (मृष्ट).—(-yava), ppp. (to Dhātup. mṛṣ = secane?), poured, sprinkled: mṛṣṭa-yavān Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.142.11; so Tibetan, yos blugs; context indicates use in fermentation.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛṣṭa (मृष्ट).—mfn.

(-ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭā-ṣṭaṃ) 1. Cleaned, cleansed. 2. Touched, rubbed. 3. Sprinkled. 4. Cooked. 5. Considered, deliberated. 6. Agreeable. n.

(-ṣṭaṃ) Pepper. E. mṛj to clean, or mṛṣ to rub, &c., aff. kta .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛṣṭa (मृष्ट).—[adjective] cleansed, washed, polished, clean, pure; smeared with ([instrumental]); savoury, dainty (food); pleasant, charming.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mṛṣṭa (मृष्ट):—[from mṛj] 1. mṛṣṭa mfn. (for 2. See p. 831, col. 1.) washed, cleansed, polished, clean, pure ([literally] and [figuratively]), [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] smeared, besmeared with ([instrumental case]), [Rāmāyaṇa; Naiṣadha-carita]

3) [v.s. ...] prepared, dressed, savoury, dainty, [Rāmāyaṇa; Harivaṃśa; Varāha-mihira] (cf. miṣṭa)

4) [v.s. ...] sweet, pleasant, agreeable, [Mahābhārata; Kāvya literature] etc.

5) [v.s. ...] n. pepper, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [from mṛś] 2. mṛṣṭa mfn. (for 1. and 3. See under √mṛj and 3. mṛṣ) touched, [Horace H. Wilson]

7) [from mṛṣ] 3. mṛṣṭa mfn. (for 1. and 2. See under √mṛj and mṛś) sprinkled, [Horace H. Wilson]

8) a mṛṣṭi See under √mṛj, mṛś and 3. mṛṣ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mṛṣṭa (मृष्ट):—[(ṣṭaḥ-ṣṭhā-ṣṭaṃ) a.] Cleansed, rubbed.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Mṛṣṭa (मृष्ट) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Ugghusia, Pusia, Phusia, Maṭṭha, Miṭṭha.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mrishta in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Mṛṣṭa (ಮೃಷ್ಟ):—

1) [adjective] erased; rubbed out or off.

2) [adjective] smeared; anointed; coated thinly over.

3) [adjective] washed; cleaned; cleansed.

4) [adjective] delicious; sumptuous.

--- OR ---

Mṛṣṭa (ಮೃಷ್ಟ):—[noun] that which is cleaned or purified.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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