Ashtavarga, Aṣṭavarga, Ashtan-varga: 10 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Ashtavarga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aṣṭavarga can be transliterated into English as Astavarga or Ashtavarga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Ashtavarga in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Aṣṭavarga (अष्टवर्ग).—Meda, Mahāmeda, Kākoli, Kṣīrakākoli, Jīvaka, Iṭavaka, Ṛddhi, Vṛddhi (These are used in infusions for treating rheumatism).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Ashtavarga in Kavya glossary
Source: archive.org: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa

Aṣṭavarga (अष्टवर्ग) refers to an astrological calculation for determining the character of a birth, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 9.119.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

[«previous next»] — Ashtavarga in Ayurveda glossary
Source: gurumukhi.ru: Ayurveda glossary of terms

Aṣṭavarga (अष्टवर्ग):—Combination of following Rhizomes of Eight Plants:Jeevak (Malaxis acuminate), Risbhak(Malaxis muscifera), Meda(Polygonatum verticillatum), Mahameda(Polygonatum cirrhifolium), Kakoli(Roscoea procera), Ksheerkakoli(Fritillaria roylei), Riddhi(Habenaria edgeworthii), Vridhi(Habenaria intermedia).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ashtavarga in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

aṣṭavarga (अष्टवर्ग).—m (S) A class of eight principal medicaments. 2 The ceremony of entertaining at dinner, with a boy about to be invested with the sacred thread, eight boys of whom the investiture has been already solemnized.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Ashtavarga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṣṭavarga (अष्टवर्ग).—

1) a sort of diagram (cakra) showing the good or bad stars of a person.

2) the 8 classes of letters; (avarga, ka°, ca°, ṭa°, ta°, pa°, ya°, śa°,).

3) a class of three principal medicaments, Namely ऋषभ, जीवक, मेद, महामेद, ऋद्धि, वृद्धि, काकोली (ṛṣabha, jīvaka, meda, mahāmeda, ṛddhi, vṛddhi, kākolī), and क्षीरकाकोली (kṣīrakākolī) cf. जीवकर्षभकौ मेदौ काकोल्यावृद्धिवृद्धिकी (jīvakarṣabhakau medau kākolyāvṛddhivṛddhikī).

Derivable forms: aṣṭavargaḥ (अष्टवर्गः).

Aṣṭavarga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms aṣṭan and varga (वर्ग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṣṭavarga (अष्टवर्ग).—m.

(-rgaḥ) A class of eight principal medicaments, they are mostly the roots of plants from the hills, which have not been determined, and are named: Rishabha, Jivaka, Meda, Mahameda, Riddhi, Vriddhi, Kakoli, and Kshirakakoli. E. aṣṭa eight, and varga a class.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Aṣṭavarga (अष्टवर्ग):—[=aṣṭa-varga] [from aṣṭa > aṣṭan] mfn. being in rows of eight each, [Kātyāyana-śrauta-sūtra]

2) [v.s. ...] m. a class of eight principal medicaments (viz. Ṛṣabha, Jīvaka, Medā, Mahāmedhā, Ṛddhi, Vṛddhi, Kākoli, and Kṣīrakākolī), [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Aṣṭavarga (अष्टवर्ग):—[aṣṭa-varga] (rgaḥ) 1. m. A class of eight principal medicaments.

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Aṣṭavarga (अष्टवर्ग):—(a + va) m. ein Aggregat von 8 Arzeneien: Ṛṣabha, Jīvaka, Medā, Mahāmedā, Ṛddhi, Vṛddhi, Kākolī und Kṣīrakākolī, [Rājanirghaṇṭa im Śabdakalpadruma] Vgl. den gaṇa kākolyādi [Suśruta 1, 140, 8. fgg.]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Aṣṭavarga (अष्टवर्ग):—1. m. eine Gruppe von Achten , insbes. *von acht Arzeneien. = aṣṭakavarga [Indische studien von Weber 14,323.]

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Aṣṭavarga (अष्टवर्ग):—2. Adj. in Reihen von acht bestehend [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtra 9,4,19.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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