Ashtavarga, aka: Aṣṭavarga, Ashtan-varga; 5 Definition(s)


Ashtavarga means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Aṣṭavarga can be transliterated into English as Astavarga or Ashtavarga, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Ashtavarga in Purana glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Aṣṭavarga (अष्टवर्ग).—Meda, Mahāmeda, Kākoli, Kṣīrakākoli, Jīvaka, Iṭavaka, Ṛddhi, Vṛddhi (These are used in infusions for treating rheumatism).

Source: Puranic Encyclopaedia
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Ashtavarga in Katha glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Aṣṭavarga (अष्टवर्ग) refers to an astrological calculation for determining the character of a birth, and is mentioned in the Naiṣadha-carita 9.119.

Source: Naisadhacarita of Sriharsa
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Ashtavarga in Marathi glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

aṣṭavarga (अष्टवर्ग).—m (S) A class of eight principal medicaments. 2 The ceremony of entertaining at dinner, with a boy about to be invested with the sacred thread, eight boys of whom the investiture has been already solemnized.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Ashtavarga in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [A] · next »

Aṣṭavarga (अष्टवर्ग).—

1) a sort of diagram (cakra) showing the good or bad stars of a person.

2) the 8 classes of letters; (avarga, ka°, ca°, ṭa°, ta°, pa°, ya°, śa°,).

3) a class of three principal medicaments, Namely ऋषभ, जीवक, मेद, महामेद, ऋद्धि, वृद्धि, काकोली (ṛṣabha, jīvaka, meda, mahāmeda, ṛddhi, vṛddhi, kākolī), and क्षीरकाकोली (kṣīrakākolī) cf. जीवकर्षभकौ मेदौ काकोल्यावृद्धिवृद्धिकी (jīvakarṣabhakau medau kākolyāvṛddhivṛddhikī).

Derivable forms: aṣṭavargaḥ (अष्टवर्गः).

Aṣṭavarga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms aṣṭan and varga (वर्ग).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Aṣṭavarga (अष्टवर्ग).—m.

(-rgaḥ) A class of eight principal medicaments, they are mostly the roots of plants from the hills, which have not been determined, and are named: Rishabha, Jivaka, Meda, Mahameda, Riddhi, Vriddhi, Kakoli, and Kshirakakoli. E. aṣṭa eight, and varga a class.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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