Matsyasana, aka: Matsya-asana, Matsyāsana, Matsyashana, Matsyāśana, Matsya-ashana; 7 Definition(s)


Matsyasana means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

The Sanskrit term Matsyāśana can be transliterated into English as Matsyasana or Matsyashana, using the IAST transliteration scheme (?).

In Hinduism

Yoga (school of philosophy)

Matsyasana in Yoga glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Matsyāsana (मत्स्यासन, “fish posture”) is a Sanskrit word referring to a type of posture (āsana) used in Yoga. It is composed of the words matsya (fish) and āsana (posture).

Source: Wisdom Library: Yoga

Matsyāsana (मत्स्यासन) is the name of an āsana (posture), according to Haṭhayogapradīpikā I.28-29.—Accordingly, “Having placed the right foot at the root of the left thigh, let the toe be grasped with the right hand passing over the back, and having placed the left foot on the right thigh at its root, let it be grasped with the left hand passing behind the back. This is the āsana, as explained by Śrī Matsyanātha. It increases appetite and is an instrument for destroying the group of the most deadly diseases. Its practice awakens the Kundalinī, stops the nectar shedding from the moon in people”.

The 15th-century Haṭhayogapradīpikā by Svātmārāma is one of the oldest extant texts dealing with haṭhayoga: an ancient form of meditation founded by Matsyendranātha. The first chapter of this book describes various āsanas (eg., matsya-āsana).

Source: Google Books: The Hatha Yoga Pradipika

Matsyāsana (मत्स्यासन) is a type of posture (āsana), according to verse 14 of the Śrītattvanidhi.—Accordingly, “Lie face down. Bring the two elbows up by the sides and place the palms of the hands on the ground. Raise the body up again and again. This is matsyāsana, the fish”.

The 19th-century Śrītattvanidhi is a sanskrit treatise describing 80 primary āsanas, or ‘posture’ (eg., matsya-āsana) and several additional ones.

This āsana name is known in Iyengar and in the Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā II.21. The āsana form in both of these texts is similar and the form illustrated here is different.

Source: Yoga Tradition of the Mysore Palace

Matsyāsana (मत्स्यासन) is one of the thirty-two āsanas (postures) taught in the second chapter of the Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā: “Assuming the Mukta-padmāsana (i.e. without the crossing of the hands) lie supine, surrounding the head by the two elbows. This is Matsyāsana, the destroyer of diseases”.

Matsyāsana is one of the selected 32 postures amongs 8,400,000 total mentioned by Śiva, according to Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā 2.1-2, “In all, there are as many Āsanas as species of animals. Eighty-four lacs of them are mentioned by Śiva. Out of them, 84 are regarded as important and among these 84, again 32 are good (enough) in this world of mortal beings”.

The 17th-century Gheraṇḍasaṃhitā (mentioning matsya-āsana) is one of the three classic texts of Haṭha-yoga: a major branch of Yoga, sharing similarities with the Yoga system taught by Patañjali, though claiming its own mythical founder known as Matsyendranātha. This gheraṇḍa-saṃhitā is an encyclopedic Sanskrit treatise describing thirty two such āsanas.

Source: Gheranda Samhita

Matsyāsana (मत्स्यासन) is the name of an āsana (posture) described in the Haṭhābhyāsapaddhati (24).—Accordingly, “Lie face down. Move the elbows up to the sides, rest the palms on the ground and lift the body over and over again. This is the fish pose (matsyāsana)”.

The Haṭhābhyāsapaddhati is an 17th-century text in Sanskrit dealing with haṭha-yoga, and is also known by the name of its author, Kapālakuruṇṭaka. The text describes 112 āsanas (eg., matsya-āsana) usually based on animal movement.

Source: Scribd: Roots of Yoga
Yoga book cover
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Yoga is originally considered a branch of Hindu philosophy (astika), but both ancient and modern Yoga combine the physical, mental and spiritual. Yoga teaches various physical techniques also known as āsanas (postures), used for various purposes (eg., meditation, contemplation, relaxation).

Discover the meaning of matsyasana in the context of Yoga from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

Matsyasana in Sanskrit glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Matsyāśana (मत्स्याशन).—

1) a king-fisher.

2) one who eats fish.

Derivable forms: matsyāśanaḥ (मत्स्याशनः).

Matsyāśana is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms matsya and aśana (अशन).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Matsyāśana (मत्स्याशन).—m.

(-naḥ) The king-fisher. E. matsya a fish, aśana eating. ‘mācharāṅgā’.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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