Mastu: 12 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Mastu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: archive.org: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Mastu (मस्तु) refers to “whey”, mentioned in verse 3.46 and 5.33-34 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly (5.33-34), “[...] likewise, whey [viz., mastu] (is) purgative, purificatory of the vessels, destructive of constipation, (and) light”.

Note (verse 3.46): Mastu (“whey”) has been replaced by dar-ba (“buttermilk”). Another such case is seemingly met with in I.14.22 ; but there mastu and ariṣṭa have been transposed, so that actually mastu corresponds to źo-ga-chu (“whey”) and ariṣṭa to dar-ba (“buttermilk”). For this last meaning of ariṣṭa see Amarasiṃha’s Nāmaliṅgānuśāsana II.9.53-54 which defines mastu as “maṇḍaṃ dadhibhavaṃ”—“the scum produced upon curds” [i.e. sour cream], having previously (v. 49) explained maṇḍa by sarvarasāgra—“the head of any liquid” [i.e. scum].

Note (verse 5.35): On mastu (“whey”) see 3.46; źo-kha-chu and źo-ga-chu, are alternative spellings of equally frequent occurrence.

Kṣīrasvāmin (on Amarasiṃha’s Nāmaliṅgānuśāsana II 9.54) understands maṇḍa as “dravo bhāgaḥ”, so that mastu would then be “the liquid part produced in curds” [i.e. whey]. [...] The Tibetan rendition of the term, too, must be viewed in the light of this conspicuous change in meaning. While mastu has been replaced in the present case, it has been retained in 5.35 and translated there by źo-kha-chu (“whey”), for which CDP read źo-ga-chu (the former corresponding in Mahāvyutpatti 5693 to dadhimaṇḍa).

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Mastu (मस्तु) refers to the “whey”, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Curds was widely used in Vedic period. Ṛgveda mentions a preparation in which the curds were mixed with Soma juice and barley meal. [...] According to Om Prakash, the cream of milk (santānikā), the cream of curds (sara), whey (mastu), fresh butter (navanīta), clarified butter (ghṛta) and the butter milk (takra) are all referred to in Ayurvedic preparations. Curds churned without water (ghola) is referred to in Suśrutasaṃhitā.

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: archive.org: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Mastu (मस्तु) in the Yajurveda-saṃhitās and the Brāhmaṇas denotes ‘sour curds’.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mastu (मस्तु).—n.

1) Sour cream.

2) Whey.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mastu (मस्तु).—m. (compare Sanskrit mastu-luṅga, which perhaps confirms such a stem by the side of masta-ka), head, top: Udānavarga x.13 tāla-mastur iv’ ūhataḥ (see ūhata, 1); a later ms. has tālamastakavad dhatāḥ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mastu (मस्तु).—n.

(-stuḥ) 1. The watery part of curds, the whey. 2. Sour cream. E. mas to weigh, Unadi aff. tun .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mastu (मस्तु).—n. Whey.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mastu (मस्तु).—[neuter] sour cream.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mastu (मस्तु):—[from mas] n. sour cream, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the watery part of curds, whey, [Suśruta]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Mastu (मस्तु):—[Uṇādisūtra.1,70.] n. [Siddhāntakaumudī 248,b,14.] saurer Rahm (dadhimaṇḍa das Obere von saurer Milch) [Amarakoṣa 2, 9, 54.] [Trikāṇḍaśeṣa 3, 2, 17. 3, 115.] [Hemacandra’s Abhidhānacintāmaṇi 396. 831.] [Halāyudha 2, 166.] [Taittirīyasaṃhitā 6, 1, 1, 4.] [The Śatapathabrāhmaṇa 1, 8, 1, 7. 3, 3, 3, 2.] [Kāṭhaka-Recension 36, 1.] [Kātyāyana’s Śrautasūtrāṇi 7, 8, 8.] [Kauśika’s Sūtra zum Atuarvaveda 87.] [Mahābhārata 3, 13474.] [Suśruta 1, 178, 14. 19. 367, 13. 2, 364, 5.] Nach einigen Erklärern Molken. — Vielleicht verwandt mit mastaka .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Sanskrit-Wörterbuch in kürzerer Fassung

Mastu (मस्तु):—n. saurer Rahm. Auch andere Formen der Milch [Rājan 15,1.5.] [Bhāvaprakāśa 2,47.]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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