Mastu, Mashtu: 15 definitions


Mastu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Dietetics and Culinary Art (such as household cooking)

Source: Shodhganga: Dietetics and culinary art in ancient and medieval India

Mastu (मस्तु) refers to the “whey”, and is commonly found in literature dealing with the topics of dietetics and culinary art, also known as Pākaśāstra or Pākakalā.—Curds was widely used in Vedic period. Ṛgveda mentions a preparation in which the curds were mixed with Soma juice and barley meal. [...] According to Om Prakash, the cream of milk (santānikā), the cream of curds (sara), whey (mastu), fresh butter (navanīta), clarified butter (ghṛta) and the butter milk (takra) are all referred to in Ayurvedic preparations. Curds churned without water (ghola) is referred to in Suśrutasaṃhitā.

Toxicology (Study and Treatment of poison)

Source: Shodhganga: Kasyapa Samhita—Text on Visha Chikitsa

Mastu (मस्तु) is the name of an ingredient used in the treatment of rat-poison such as those caused by the Karaghna-rats, according to the Kāśyapa Saṃhitā: an ancient Sanskrit text from the Pāñcarātra tradition dealing with both Tantra and Viṣacikitsā—an important topic from Āyurveda which deals with the study of Toxicology (Viṣavidyā or Sarpavidyā).—Accordingly, one of the treatments is mentioned as follows: “Paste of Nirguṇḍī sprouts must be applied with Mustā (=mastu?) [nirguṇḍī pallavaṃ mastunā lipet], Triphalā and pepper must be eaten with jaggery. Fumigation must be done with Gula and leaves of Asana with sumptuous milk”.

Unclassified Ayurveda definitions

Source: Vagbhata’s Ashtanga Hridaya Samhita (first 5 chapters)

Mastu (मस्तु) refers to “whey”, mentioned in verse 3.46 and 5.33-34 of the Aṣṭāṅgahṛdayasaṃhitā (Sūtrasthāna) by Vāgbhaṭa.—Accordingly (5.33-34), “[...] likewise, whey [viz., mastu] (is) purgative, purificatory of the vessels, destructive of constipation, (and) light”.

Note (verse 3.46): Mastu (“whey”) has been replaced by dar-ba (“buttermilk”). Another such case is seemingly met with in I.14.22 ; but there mastu and ariṣṭa have been transposed, so that actually mastu corresponds to źo-ga-chu (“whey”) and ariṣṭa to dar-ba (“buttermilk”). For this last meaning of ariṣṭa see Amarasiṃha’s Nāmaliṅgānuśāsana II.9.53-54 which defines mastu as “maṇḍaṃ dadhibhavaṃ”—“the scum produced upon curds” [i.e. sour cream], having previously (v. 49) explained maṇḍa by sarvarasāgra—“the head of any liquid” [i.e. scum].

Note (verse 5.35): On mastu (“whey”) see 3.46; źo-kha-chu and źo-ga-chu, are alternative spellings of equally frequent occurrence.

Kṣīrasvāmin (on Amarasiṃha’s Nāmaliṅgānuśāsana II 9.54) understands maṇḍa as “dravo bhāgaḥ”, so that mastu would then be “the liquid part produced in curds” [i.e. whey]. [...] The Tibetan rendition of the term, too, must be viewed in the light of this conspicuous change in meaning. While mastu has been replaced in the present case, it has been retained in 5.35 and translated there by źo-kha-chu (“whey”), for which CDP read źo-ga-chu (the former corresponding in Mahāvyutpatti 5693 to dadhimaṇḍa).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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General definition (in Hinduism)

Source: Vedic index of Names and Subjects

Mastu (मस्तु) in the Yajurveda-saṃhitās and the Brāhmaṇas denotes ‘sour curds’.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mastu (मस्तु).—n.

1) Sour cream.

2) Whey.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Mastu (मस्तु).—m. (compare Sanskrit mastu-luṅga, which perhaps confirms such a stem by the side of masta-ka), head, top: Udānavarga x.13 tāla-mastur iv’ ūhataḥ (see ūhata, 1); a later ms. has tālamastakavad dhatāḥ.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mastu (मस्तु).—n.

(-stuḥ) 1. The watery part of curds, the whey. 2. Sour cream. E. mas to weigh, Unadi aff. tun .

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mastu (मस्तु).—n. Whey.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mastu (मस्तु).—[neuter] sour cream.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mastu (मस्तु):—[from mas] n. sour cream, [Taittirīya-saṃhitā] etc. etc.

2) [v.s. ...] the watery part of curds, whey, [Suśruta]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mastu (मस्तु):—(stuḥ) 2. n. Whey.

[Sanskrit to German]

Mastu in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Maṣṭu (ಮಷ್ಟು):—[noun] matter that settles to the bottom of a liquid; sediment.

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Mastu (ಮಸ್ತು):—[noun] the acidulous liquid remaining after butter has been separated from curd; buttermilk.

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Mastu (ಮಸ್ತು):—[noun] the state of being more than required or usual, etc.; copiousness; plentifulness; abundance.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Maṣṭu (மஷ்டு) noun [Telugu: K. maṣṭu.] Dross, dregs; கசடு. [kasadu.] Colloq.

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Mastu (மஸ்து) noun < mastu.

1. Curd; தயிர். (பரிபாசை அகராதி) [thayir. (paripasai agarathi)]

2. Whey; தயிர்ச்சலம். (தைலவருக்கச்சுருக்கம் தைல.) [thayirchalam. (thailavarukkachurukkam thaila.)]

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Mastu (மஸ்து) noun < Urdu mast.

1. Fat; corpulence; கொழுப்பு. [kozhuppu.]

2. Intoxicant; மயக்கந் தரும் பொருள். [mayakkan tharum porul.]

3. Stimulant; உள்ளக்கிளர்ச்சி தரக் கூடிய சத்து. [ullakkilarchi tharag kudiya sathuragarathi]

4. The piece in chess which by the rules of the game cannot be removed; சதுரங்க ஆட்டத்தில் விதிப்படி வெட்டத்தகாததாகுங் காய். [sathuranga attathil vithippadi vettathagathathagung kay.]

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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