Madgu: 11 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Madgu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Ayurveda (science of life)

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Madgu (मद्गु) is a Sanskrit word referring either to the “diver-bird” or to the “little cormoraut”. The meat of this animal is part of the māṃsavarga (‘group of flesh’), which is used throughout Ayurvedic literature. The animal Madgu is part of the sub-group named Ambucārin, refering to animals “which move on waters”. It was classified by Caraka in his Carakasaṃhitā sūtrasthāna (chapter 27), a classical Ayurvedic work. Caraka defined such groups (vargas) based on the dietic properties of the substance.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I

1) Madgu (मद्गु)—Sanskrit word for an animal which corresponds to a species of wild animal frequenting the boughs of trees. This animal is from the group called Parṇa-mṛga (‘tree dwellers’ or ‘tree-dwelling arboreal animals’). Parṇa-mṛga itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Jāṅghala (living in high ground and in a jungle).

2) Madgu (मद्गु)—Sanskrit word for a bird “cormorant”, “jalakāka”. This animal is from the group called Plava (‘those which float’ or ‘those move about in large flocks’). Plava itself is a sub-group of the group of animals known as Ānupa (those that frequent marshy places).

Ayurveda book cover
context information

Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Discover the meaning of madgu in the context of Ayurveda from relevant books on Exotic India

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Madgu (मद्गु).—[masj-u nyakvā°; cf. Uṇ.1.7]

1) A kind of aquatic bird, a cormorant or driver; मांसं गृधो वपां मद्गुः (māṃsaṃ gṛdho vapāṃ madguḥ) (bhavati) Ms.12.63.

2) A kind of snake.

3) A kind of wild animal.

4) A kind of galley or vessel of war; कोऽपि मद्गुरभ्यधावत् (ko'pi madgurabhyadhāvat) Dk.

5) Name of a degraded mixed tribe, the offspring of a Brāhmaṇa by a woman of the bard class; see Ms.1.48.

6) An outcast.

Derivable forms: madguḥ (मद्गुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Madgu (मद्गु) or Maṅku or Maṅgu.—adj., also in composition with bhāva, -bhūta (= Pali maṅku; compare also durmaṅku; maṅku once in Vedic, ŚB, app. staggering, [Boehtlingk and Roth], but perhaps not the same word): mentally disturbed, upset, abashed, out of countenance; all three forms are clearly variants of each other (compare pudgala: puṃgala etc., § 3.4), as is shown notably by a cliché, tūṣṇībhūto (once °tvā, Divyāvadāna 633.24; not in Mahāvyutpatti) madgubhūtaḥ srastaskandhaḥ adhomukho niṣpratibhānaḥ (Divyāvadāna °pratibhaḥ; in Mahāvyutpatti before adho°) pradhyānaparamaḥ (Mahāvyutpatti °paraḥ) Mahāvyutpatti 7122—26; Divyāvadāna 633.24, 27 (here accs.); 636.7; Avadāna-śataka i.48.10, in which, for madgu- of the other texts, Mahāvyutpatti 7122 reads maṅgu-, or with Mironov maṅku-(v.l. maṅgu-). The form madgu also in Avadāna-śataka i.286.5 vyāpadyate madguḥ pratitiṣṭhati kopaṃ saṃjanayati; in Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.86.2 madguvo (n. pl. f.); see also amadgu; and in Bodhisattvabhūmi 123.10 (na ca bodhisattvo) yācana- kam avahasati…na madgubhāvam (so ms., ed. em. maṅku°) asyopasaṃharati; but maṅku elsewhere in Bodhisattvabhūmi, (bhūtaṃ ca) doṣaṃ (of someone else) pratichādayati, na vivṛṇoti, yenāsya syān maṅkubhāvaḥ 254.15, so that he would be embarrassed; maṅku-bhā(vam…,lacuna) 150.4, filled by Tibetan bag ḥkhums pa, timidity, ‘little-mindedness’, and elsewhere: maṅkur bhavati, Hoernle, JRAS 1916.711 (= Pali Sn 818 maṅku hoti), is upset, disturbed (by the criticism of others); abhīru acchambhina-m (! n. sg. m. required; ‘hiatus-bridging’ m?) a-maṅku-bhūtaḥ dṛḍha- vīryaḥ (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 93.24. There seems to be even, once, an apparently related madgībhūta, q.v., implying a stem madga, but this is doubtful. See Pischel, SBBA 1904 pp. 816 (fol. 169a), and 823 f., for a discussion which in my opinion leads in a quite wrong direction.

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Madgu (मद्गु).—(°-), see maṅku.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madgu (मद्गु).—m.

(-dguḥ) 1. An aquatic bird, the shag. 2. An outcaste, the son of a Brahmana by a woman of the bard, or panegyrist class, whose employment is hunting wild beasts. 3. A ship, a galley. E. masj to emerge, to dive, u aff., deriv, irr.; or mada to be delighted, (in the water,) and guk Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madgu (मद्गु).—i. e. majj + u (see majj), m. 1. An aquatic bird, the diver, [Lassen, Anthologia Sanskritica.] 50, 1. 2. An outcaste, the son of a Brāhmaṇa by a woman of the bard class. 3. A ship.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madgu (मद्गु).—[masculine] a kind of aquatic bird or animal, [Name] of a mixed caste.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Madgu (मद्गु):—m. ([according to] to [Uṇādi-sūtra i, 7 fr.] √majj) a, diver-bird (a kind of aquatic bird or cormorant; cf. [Latin] mergus), [Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā] etc. etc. (also guka, [Rāmāyaṇa])

2) a species of wild animal frequenting the boughs of trees (= parṇa-mṛga), [Suśruta]

3) a kind of snake, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

4) a [particular] fish, [Nīlakaṇṭha]

5) a kind of galley or vessel of war, [Daśakumāra-carita]

6) a [particular] mixed caste, [Manu-smṛti x, 48] (the son of a Niṣṭya and a Varuṭī, a Māhiṣya who knows medicine, or a Pāra-dhenuka who proclaims orders, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.])

7) a person who kills wild beasts, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.] (cf. [Manu-smṛti x, 48])

8) Name of a son of Śvaphalka, [Harivaṃśa]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Madgu (मद्गु):—(dguḥ) 2. m. An aquatic bird, the shag; an outcaste; a ship.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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