Manku, Maṅku, Mamku, Māṅku: 11 definitions


Manku means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Tamil. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Maṅku (मङ्कु) refers to “shaking (and trembling)”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, [after the Bhagavān emitted rays] “Then those hostile Nāgas reached that province in the sky. The Bhagavān uttered this mantra. The hostile Nāgas, having placed all flowers, fruits, crops, leaves and foliage in front of the Bhagavān, stood shaking and trembling (maṅku-bhūta) in front of the Bhagavān”.

Mahayana book cover
context information

Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

maṅku : (adj.) confused; downcast; in low spirits.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Maṅku, (adj.) (cp. Vedic maṅku; see on meaning Hardy in preface to Aṅguttara v. p. vi) staggering, confused, troubled, discontented Vin. II, 118; S. V, 74; Dh. 249; Nd1 150; DhA. III, 41, 359 (with Loc.).—f. pl. maṅkū Vin. I, 93.—dummaṅku “staggering in a disagreeable manner, ” evil-minded A. I, 98; IV, 97 (read line as “dummaṅku’yaṃ padusseti dhūm’aggamhi va pāvako” he, staggering badly, is spoilt like the fire on the crest of smoke); V, 70; Vin. II, 196; III, 21; IV, 213; S. II, 218; Nett 50.

—bhāva discontent, moral weakness J. IV, 49; Miln. 227; DhA. III, 359.—bhūta discontented, troubled, confused Vin. II, 19; D. II, 85; A. I, 186; Dh. 263; J. V, 211; VI, 362; DhA. II, 76; a° self-possessed A. III, 40; Miln. 21, 339. (Page 513)

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maṅku (मङ्कु).—A blotch.

Derivable forms: maṅkuḥ (मङ्कुः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Maṅku (मङ्कु) or Maṅgu or Madgu.—adj., also in composition with bhāva, -bhūta (= Pali maṅku; compare also durmaṅku; maṅku once in Vedic, ŚB, app. staggering, [Boehtlingk and Roth], but perhaps not the same word): mentally disturbed, upset, abashed, out of countenance; all three forms are clearly variants of each other (compare pudgala: puṃgala etc., § 3.4), as is shown notably by a cliché, tūṣṇībhūto (once °tvā, Divyāvadāna 633.24; not in Mahāvyutpatti) madgubhūtaḥ srastaskandhaḥ adhomukho niṣpratibhānaḥ (Divyāvadāna °pratibhaḥ; in Mahāvyutpatti before adho°) pradhyānaparamaḥ (Mahāvyutpatti °paraḥ) Mahāvyutpatti 7122—26; Divyāvadāna 633.24, 27 (here accs.); 636.7; Avadāna-śataka i.48.10, in which, for madgu- of the other texts, Mahāvyutpatti 7122 reads maṅgu-, or with Mironov maṅku-(v.l. maṅgu-). The form madgu also in Avadāna-śataka i.286.5 vyāpadyate madguḥ pratitiṣṭhati kopaṃ saṃjanayati; in Mūla-Sarvāstivāda-Vinaya ii.86.2 madguvo (n. pl. f.); see also amadgu; and in Bodhisattvabhūmi 123.10 (na ca bodhisattvo) yācana- kam avahasati…na madgubhāvam (so ms., ed. em. maṅku°) asyopasaṃharati; but maṅku elsewhere in Bodhisattvabhūmi, (bhūtaṃ ca) doṣaṃ (of someone else) pratichādayati, na vivṛṇoti, yenāsya syān maṅkubhāvaḥ 254.15, so that he would be embarrassed; maṅku-bhā(vam…,lacuna) 150.4, filled by Tibetan bag ḥkhums pa, timidity, ‘little-mindedness’, and elsewhere: maṅkur bhavati, Hoernle, JRAS 1916.711 (= Pali Sn 818 maṅku hoti), is upset, disturbed (by the criticism of others); abhīru acchambhina-m (! n. sg. m. required; ‘hiatus-bridging’ m?) a-maṅku-bhūtaḥ dṛḍha- vīryaḥ (Ārya-)Mañjuśrīmūlakalpa 93.24. There seems to be even, once, an apparently related madgībhūta, q.v., implying a stem madga, but this is doubtful. See Pischel, SBBA 1904 pp. 816 (fol. 169a), and 823 f., for a discussion which in my opinion leads in a quite wrong direction.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maṅku (मङ्कु).—[adjective] tottering, reeling.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Maṅku (मङ्कु):—[from maṅk] mfn. shaking, vacillating, [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa] (cf. durm)

2) [v.s. ...] m. blotch, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

[Sanskrit to German]

Manku in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Maṃku (ಮಂಕು):—[adjective] lacking good sense; unwise; foolish; stupid.

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Maṃku (ಮಂಕು):—

1) [noun] the quality of being indistinct or hazy to the sight; blur; blurriness.

2) [noun] the quality or fact of not being eager or not willing to work or exert oneself; indolence; laziness.

3) [noun] the state or fact of being bewildered; a being at a loss; perplexity.

4) [noun] the condition or quality of being ignorant; lack of knowledge; ignorance.

5) [noun] a stupid fellow; a fool.

6) [noun] ಮಂಕಾಗು [mamkagu] maṃkāgu to become dull; to lose lustre, shiningness, glossiness; 2. to lose sharpness of the mind; to become stupid; ಮಂಕುಮಾಡು [mamkumadu] manku māḍu to make another a fool or stupid.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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Tamil dictionary

Source: DDSA: University of Madras: Tamil Lexicon

Maṅku (மங்கு) [maṅkutal] 5 intransitive verb [K. maggu.]

1. To grow less; to diminish; குறைதல். தாக மங்குத லின்மையால் [kuraithal. thaga mangutha linmaiyal] (விநாயகபு. [vinayagapu.] 80, 94).

2. To become dim, as light or eye-sight; ஒளி மழுங்குதல். [oli mazhunguthal.]

3. To grow pale; to loose lustre; நிறங் குன்றுதல். [nirang kunruthal.]

4. To be obscured, as splendour, glory, fame; to fade, as beauty; to decline in prosperity, as a religion; to be reduced in circumstances, power or authority; பெருமை குறைதல். [perumai kuraithal.]

5. To be deprived of freshness, as the countenance; to grow wan or sallow; வாட்டமுறுதல். [vattamuruthal.] (W.)

6. To decay; to be ruined; கெடுதல். தீவினைத் தெவ்வெ னும் பேர் மங்க [keduthal. thivinaith thevve num per manga] (திருநூற்றந்தாதி [thirunurrandathi] 19).

7. To die, perish; சாதல். மங்கியு முற்பவித்து முழல்வல் லிடரில் [sathal. mangiyu murpavithu muzhalval lidaril] (திருப்போரூர்ச் சந்நிதி மட்டுவிருத். [thirupporurs sannithi mattuviruth.] 7).

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Maṅku (மங்கு) noun < மங்கு-. [mangu-.]

1. Ruin, loss; கேடு. [kedu.]

2. [Telugu: maṅgu, K. baṅku.] Black spots on the face; வங்கு. [vangu.] (W.)

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Maṅku (மங்கு) noun cf. maṅkura. Polished earthen jar; சாடி. [sadi.] Local usage

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Māṅku (மாங்கு) noun The sticky coating over the body of a new-born baby; பிறந்த குழந்தையின்மேற் பற்றியிருக்கும் ஒருவகைப்பசை. [pirantha kuzhanthaiyinmer parriyirukkum oruvagaippasai.] Nāñ.

context information

Tamil is an ancient language of India from the Dravidian family spoken by roughly 250 million people mainly in southern India and Sri Lanka.

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