Maitravaruna, Maitrāvaruṇa: 7 definitions

Introduction

Maitravaruna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous (M) next»] — Maitravaruna in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Maitrāvaruṇa (मैत्रावरुण) refers to one of the three types of companions for the Hotṛ, which is one of the four classes of Ṛtvijas (Ṛtvik), or “priests participating in the Vedic sacrifices”, as mentioned in the Śivapurāṇa 2.2.27.—The priests (Ṛtvijas) participating in the Vedic sacrifices are usually four in number. They are Hotṛ, Adhvaryu, Udgātṛ and Brahman corresponding to the four Vedas—Ṛg, Yajus, Sāman and Atharvan respectively. Each of the priests has three companions or helpers, the total no. is sixteen viz. Hotṛ—Maitrāvaruṇa, Acchāvāka, Grāvastut; Adhvaryu—Pratiprasthātṛ, Neṣṭṛ, Unnetṛ; Udgātṛ—Prastotṛ, Pratihartṛ, Subrahmaṇya and Brahman—Brāhmaṇācchaṃsin, Agnīdhra, Potṛ. See Āśvalāyana Śrauta Sūtra IV. 1.4-6.

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Maitrāvaruṇa (मैत्रावरुण).—Another name for Vasiṣṭha. Agastya also is known by this name. Because they were born as the sons of Mitra and Varuṇa they got this name. How they came to be reborn as the sons of Mitrāvaruṇas is told in Devī Bhāgavata.

There was once a celebrated emperor named Nimi in the Ikṣvāku line of Kings. Nimi was the twelfth son of Ikṣvāku. The agrahāra found near the āśrama of Gautama Maharṣi, called Jayantapura was constructed by Nimi. Once Nimi decided to perform a big yāga and after taking the consent of his father made preparations for the same. He invited such great sages as Bhṛgu, Aṅgiras, Vāmadeva, Pulastya, Pulaha and Ṛcīka. He then went to their family preceptor Vasiṣṭha and requested him to be the chief priest. But Vasiṣṭha had already promised Indra to conduct a yāga for him and so advised Nimi to postpone his yāga to a later date. But Nimi was unwilling to postpone his yāga and so he performed it with Gautama Maharṣi as the chief priest. It took five hundred years for Nimi to complete the yāga. After five hundred years Vasiṣṭha after completing the yāga of Indra came to see Nimi and found that he had already conducted the yāga without him. Vasiṣṭha was angry and he cursed Nimi saying that Nimi would become bodiless. But powerful Nimi cursed Vasiṣṭha also and separated his soul from his body. (See full article at Story of Maitrāvaruṇa from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index

Maitrāvaruṇa (मैत्रावरुण).—(c)—a resident of Brahmakṣetra; a Vāsiṣṭha and a sage;1 Purohita of Ikṣvāku.2

  • 1) Vāyu-purāṇa 59. 106; Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 32. 116.
  • 2) Matsya-purāṇa 12. 4-5.
Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Maitravaruna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Maitrāvaruṇa (मैत्रावरुण).—

1) An epithet of Vālmīki.

2) Of Agastya.

3) Name of one of the officiating priests at a sacrifice.

4) Name of Vasiṣṭha; त्वां मैत्रावरुणोऽभिनन्दतु गुरुर्यस्ते गुरूणामपि (tvāṃ maitrāvaruṇo'bhinandatu gururyaste gurūṇāmapi) U.5.28.

Derivable forms: maitrāvaruṇaḥ (मैत्रावरुणः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maitrāvaruṇa (मैत्रावरुण) or Maitrāvaruṇi.—or ºṇi, i. e. mitrāvaruṇa (dvandva comp. of mitra and varuṇa), + a or i, patronym., m. A son of Mitra and Varuṇa; a name of Vaśiṣ- ṭha, [Uttara Rāmacarita, 2. ed. Calc., 1862.] 9, 4, and of Agastya.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Maitrāvaruṇa (मैत्रावरुण).—[feminine] ī relating to Mitra and Varuṇa.

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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