Mitra-Varuna, Mitravaruna: 2 definitions


Mitra-Varuna means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

General definition (in Hinduism)

[«previous (M) next»] — Mitra-Varuna in Hinduism glossary
Source: Apam Napat: Indian Mythology

Mitra-Varuna is the most common dual deity addressed in the Rig Veda. Mitra is almost never addressed separately, but Varuna has hymns devoted to him solely.

The dual deities Mitra-Varuna are the lords of justice, are said to be laying down the law for men. They watch over oaths and punish oath-breakers.

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[«previous (M) next»] — Mitra-Varuna in Sanskrit glossary
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mitrāvaruṇa (मित्रावरुण):—[=mitrā-varuṇa] [from mitra] m. [dual number] Mitra and Varuṇa, [Ṛg-veda] etc. etc. (together they uphold and rule the earth and sky, together they guard the world, together they promote religious rites, avenge sin, and are the lords of truth and light cf. under 1. mitra above ; ṇayor ayanam and ṇayor iṣṭiḥ Name of [particular] sacrifices; ṇayoḥ saṃyojanam Name of a Sāman), [Ṛg-veda; Vājasaneyi-saṃhitā; Brāhmaṇa] etc. (sg., [wrong reading] for maitrāvaruṇa, [Harivaṃśa])

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

Discover the meaning of mitra-varuna or mitravaruna in the context of Sanskrit from relevant books on Exotic India

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