Upapataka, Upapātaka: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Upapataka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Upapataka in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopedia

Upapātaka (उपपातक).—(UPAPĀPA) (Minor sins). In accordance with the Rāṣtramīmāṃsā (political philosophy) of Ancient India, crimes were divided into two types. They were called Upapātakas (minor crimes) and Pātakas (major crimes). To know about major crimes (Pātakas) see under Pāpa (sin). Upapātakas are given below:—Cow-slaughter; sacrificing by one who is unworthy to perform it; seducing another man’s wife; forsaking one’s father, mother and teacher; forsaking self-study, agni (fire) and son; becoming Parivettā (one who gets married before one’s elder brother is married.) Younger brother finishing education before the elder; giving an unmarried girl to Parivitti or Parivettā; performing sacrifice by a parivitti or a parivettā; slandering an unmarried girl; Living on the interest of money that is lent; violating one’s vow; selling pond, garden, wife or son; becoming an outcaste; forsaking relatives; Teaching the Vedas after receiving remuneration; selling things which should not be sold; working in mines; working with big machinery; destroying medicinal herbs; living by women; to impede rites; cut down fresh trees (not dried) for fire-wood; kidnapping women; mingling with slanderers of women; selfish activities; eating forbidden rice; not keeping Sacrificial fire; theft; not repaying loan; learning forbidden sciences; doing things which are bad and will cause grief to others; stealing of base metals, grains and cows; contact with drunken women; killing women, Śūdra, Vaiśya and Kṣatriya and becoming an infidel are all Upapātakas.

Causing grief to a Brahmin; inhaling the smell of liquor and other prohibited things; resorting to tricks or deceit and engaging in pederasty are sins which would make one an outcaste. (See full article at Story of Upapātaka from the Puranic encyclopaedia by Vettam Mani)

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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India history and geography

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Upapātaka.—(CII 3), sins of the second degree. Note: upapātaka is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
context information

The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upapataka in Marathi glossary
Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

upapātaka (उपपातक).—n (S) A crime in the second or third degree; the crime of killing a cow, selling a daughter, atheism &c. See mahāpātaka.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

upapātaka (उपपातक).—n A crime in the second or third degree-as distinguished from mahāpātaka.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upapataka in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Upapātaka (उपपातक).—A minor sin, crime or sin of the second degree; महापातकतुल्यानि पापान्युक्तानि यानि तु । तानि पातक- संज्ञानि तन्न्यूनमुपपातकम् (mahāpātakatulyāni pāpānyuktāni yāni tu | tāni pātaka- saṃjñāni tannyūnamupapātakam) || Y.2.21; Ms.11.66.

Derivable forms: upapātakam (उपपातकम्).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upapātaka (उपपातक).—n.

(-kaṃ) A great crime, as killing a cow, selling a daughter, atheism, &c.; it is considered as criminality in the second or third degree, and is of various kinds: see mahāpātaka. E. upa much, and pātaka a crime.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upapātaka (उपपातक).—[upa-pātaka], n. A lesser crime, Yājñ, 2, 210.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upapātaka (उपपातक).—[neuter] minor offence; poss. kin.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upapātaka (उपपातक):—[=upa-pātaka] n. a secondary crime, minor offence (as killing kine, forgetting the Veda, breaking a vow of chastity, offending a Guru, selling the Soma plant etc.), [Gautama-dharma-śāstra xxi, 11, etc.; Baudhāyana-dharma-śāstra ii, 2, 12-14, etc.; Manu-smṛti xi, 66, etc.; Harivaṃśa] etc. (See also, [Yājñavalkya ii, 210; iii, 225; 242]).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Upapātaka (उपपातक):—[upa-pātaka] (kaṃ) 1. n. A heinous crime as killing a cow; murder.

[Sanskrit to German]

Upapataka in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Upapataka in Kannada glossary
Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Upapātaka (ಉಪಪಾತಕ):—[noun] a sin that is not serious in nature or effect; a minor sin.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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