Mahabhoga, Mahābhoga, Maha-bhoga: 9 definitions


Mahabhoga means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

[«previous next»] — Mahabhoga in Shaktism glossary
Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Mahābhogā (महाभोगा) refers to “she who is the great enjoyment”, according to the Lalitāsahasranāma.—Lalitā’s thousand names are eulogized in the Lalitāsahasranāma, describing the goddess’s spiritual beauty on the analogy of physical, sensuous beauty. [...] She embodies ultimate reality conceived as supreme bliss—ānanda. This bliss is embodied in her. It is the ‘passion that makes her eyes roll’ (lolākṣī-kāmarūpiṇī) (454). She is “the form of desire in women”. This is not the Advaitin’s ānanda, which is just a covert counter-correlate of Samsaric suffering (duḥkha), it is positive bliss generated by the union of opposites. She embodies the great play of intercourse between herself and her partner (mahārati) (218). Similarly, she is the Great Enjoyment (mahābhogā) (219). [...]

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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In Buddhism

Mahayana (major branch of Buddhism)

[«previous next»] — Mahabhoga in Mahayana glossary
Source: A Study and Translation of the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā

Mahābhoga (महाभोग) refers to “great comforts”, according to the Gaganagañjaparipṛcchā: the eighth chapter of the Mahāsaṃnipāta (a collection of Mahāyāna Buddhist Sūtras).—Accordingly, “How then, son of good family, does the Bodhisattva collect all qualities of the Buddha by thorough practice (yoniśaḥprayoga)? ‘Thorough (yoniśas)’ means the entrance into dependent origination. Why is that? As is the cause and conditions (hetupratyaya), thus the fruit (phala) is produced (abhinirvṛtta). The generosity (dāna) is the cause of great comforts (mahābhoga), and the Bodhisattva, having transferred that giving (tyāga) into omniscience (sarvajñatā), fulfils the perfection of giving (dānapāramitā). [...]

Source: De Gruyter: A Buddhist Ritual Manual on Agriculture

Mahābhoga (महाभोग) refers to “great revenues”, according to the Vajratuṇḍasamayakalparāja, an ancient Buddhist ritual manual on agriculture from the 5th-century (or earlier), containing various instructions for the Sangha to provide agriculture-related services to laypeople including rain-making, weather control and crop protection.—Accordingly, “Now there lived a Brahmin called Viṣṇudatta in Navanagara. He was wealthy with great riches, great revenues (mahābhoga); he was endowed with copious acquisitions and means of subsistence. He had mastered the Vedas and Vedāṅgas. He was a mantra-reciter and mantra-practitioner. He summoned Nāgas again and again. He sacrificed fire oblations. [...]”.

Mahayana book cover
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Mahayana (महायान, mahāyāna) is a major branch of Buddhism focusing on the path of a Bodhisattva (spiritual aspirants/ enlightened beings). Extant literature is vast and primarely composed in the Sanskrit language. There are many sūtras of which some of the earliest are the various Prajñāpāramitā sūtras.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahabhoga in Pali glossary
Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

mahābhoga : (adj.) having great wealth.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Mahabhoga in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Mahābhoga (महाभोग).—

1) a great enjoyment.

2) a great coil or hood; great winding.

3) a serpent.

- an epithet of Durgā.

Derivable forms: mahābhogaḥ (महाभोगः).

Mahābhoga is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms mahā and bhoga (भोग).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Mahābhoga (महाभोग).—1. [adjective] of great extent.

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Mahābhoga (महाभोग).—2. [adjective] having great windings or coils (also vant or bhogin); [masculine] a serpent.

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Mahābhoga (महाभोग).—3. [masculine] great enjoyment; [adjective] causing it.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Mahābhoga (महाभोग):—[=mahā-bhoga] [from mahā > mah] 1. mahā-bhoga m. ([from] 1. bhoga) a great curve or coil, gr° hood (of a snake), gr° winding, [Monier-Williams’ Sanskrit-English Dictionary]

2) [v.s. ...] mfn. (a snake) having gr° windings or coils, h° a gr° hood, [Mahābhārata]

3) [v.s. ...] m. a gr° serpent, [Aṣṭāvakra-saṃhitā]

4) [from mahā > mah] 2. mahābhoga (hābh) mfn. having a wide girth, h° a large compass, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

5) [=mahā-bhoga] [from mahā > mah] 3. mahā-bhoga m. ([from] 2. bhoga) gr° enjoyment, [Kathāsaritsāgara]

6) [v.s. ...] mf(ā)n. causing gr° enj°

7) Mahābhogā (महाभोगा):—[=mahā-bhogā] [from mahā-bhoga > mahā > mah] f. Name of Durgā, [Purāṇa]

[Sanskrit to German]

Mahabhoga in German

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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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