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Addha, aka: Aḍḍha, Addhā, Āddha; 3 Definition(s)


Addha means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism


Āddha (आद्ध).—A pupil of Yājñavalkya.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa II. 35. 28.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana IndexPurāṇa book cover
context information

The Purāṇas (पुराण, purana) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahāpurāṇas total over 400,000 ślokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

In Buddhism


addha : (m.) a half. || aḍḍha (adj.) 1. opulent; wealthy. (m.) a half. addhā (ind.) indeed; certainly. (m.) 1. path; 2. time.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

1) Aḍḍha, 2 (adj.) (Sk. āḍhya fr. ṛddha pp. of ṛdh, ṛdhnote & ṛdhyate (see ijjhati) to thrive cp. Gr. a)λqomai thrive, Lat. alo to nourish. Cp. also Vedic iḍā refreshment & P. iddhi power. See also āḷhiya) rich, opulent, wealthy, well-to-do; usually in combn. with mahaddhana & mahābhoga of great wealth & resources (foll. by pahūta-jātarūparajata pahūta vittūpakaraṇa etc.). Thus at D.I, 115, 134, 137; III, 163; Pug.52; DhA.I, 3; VvA.322; PvA.3, 78 etc. In other combn. Vv 314 (°kula); Nd2 615 (Sakka = aḍḍho mahaddhano dhanavā); DA.I, 281 (= issara); DhA.II, 37 (°kula); Sdhp.270 (satasākh°), 312 (guṇ°), 540 sq. (id.), 561. (Page 17)

2) Aḍḍha, 1 (& addha) (etym. uncertain, Sk. ardha) one half, half; usually in compn. (see below), like diyaḍḍha 1 1/2 (°sata 150) PvA.155 (see as to meaning Stede, Peta Vatthu p. 107). Note. aḍḍha is never used by itself, for “half” in absolute position upaḍḍha (q. v.) is always used.

—akkhika with furtive glance (“half an eye”) DhA.IV, 98. —aṭṭha half of eight, i. e. four (cp. aṭṭhaḍḍha) S.II, 222 (°ratana); J.VI, 354 (°pāda quadruped; v. l. for aṭṭhaḍḍha). —aḷhaka 1/2 an aḷhaka (measure) DhA.III, 367. —uḍḍha (cp. Mahārāṣṭrī form cauṭṭha = Sk. caturtha) three and a half J.I, 82; IV, 180; V, 417, 420; DhA.I, 87; Mhvs 12, 53. —ocitaka half plucked off J.I, 120. —karīsa (-matta) half a k. in extent VvA.64 (cp. aṭṭha-karīsa). —kahāpaṇa 1/2 kahāpaṇa A.V, 83. —kāsika (or °ya) worth half a thousand kāsiyas (i. e. of Benares monetary standard) Vin.I, 281 (kambala, a woollen garment of that value; cp. Vin Texts II.195); II, 150 (bimbohanāni, pillows; so read for aḍḍhakāyikāni in T.); J.V, 447 (a°-kāsigaṇikā for a-°kāsiya° a courtezan who charges that price, in phrase a°-k°-gaṇikā viya na bahunnaṃ piyā manāpā). —kumbha a half (-filled) pitcher Sn.721. —kusi (tt. of tailoring) a short intermediate cross-seam Vin.I, 287. —kosa half a room, a small room J.VI, 81 (= a° kosantara C.). —gāvuta half a league J VI 55. —cūḷa (°vāhā vīhi) 1/2 a measure (of rice) Miln.102, perhaps misread for aḍḍhāḷha (āḷha = āḷhaka, cp. A.III, 52), a half āḷha of rice. —tiya the third (unit) less half, i. e. two and a half VvA.66 (māsā); J.I, 49, 206, 255 (°sata 250). Cp. next. —teyya = °tiya 2 1/2 Vin.IV, 117; J.II, 129 (°sata); DA.I, 173 (v. l. BB for °tiya); DhA.I, 95 (°sata), 279; PvA.20 (°sahassa). —telasa (cp. BSk. ardhatrayodaśa) twelve and a half Vin I 243, 247; D.II, 6 (°bhikkhusatāni, cp. tayo B 1 b); DhA.III, 369. —daṇḍaka a short stick M.I, 87 = A.I, 47; II, 122 = Nd2 604 = Miln.197. —duka see °ruka. —nāḷika (-matta) half a nāḷi-measure full J.VI, 366. —pallaṅka half a divan Vin.II, 280. —bhāga half a share, one half Vv 136 (= upaḍḍhabhāga VvA.61); Pv.I, 115. —maṇḍala semi-circle, semi circular sewing Vin.I, 287. —māna half a māna measure J.I, 468 (m. = aṭṭhannaṃ nāḷinaṃ nāmaṃ C.). —māsa half a month, a half month, a fortnight Vin.III, 254 (ūnak°); A.V, 85; J.III, 218; VvA.66. Freq. in Acc. as adv. for a fortnight, e. g. Vin.IV, 117; VvA.67; PvA.55. —māsaka half a bean (as weight or measure of value, see māsaka) J.I, 111. —māsika halfmonthly Pug.55. —muṇḍaka shaven over half the head (sign of loss of freedom) Mhvs 6, 42. —yoga a certain kind of house (usually with pāsāda) Vin.I, 58 = 96, 107, 139, 239, 284; II, 146. Acc. to Vin T. I.174 “a gold coloured Bengal house” (Bdhgh), an interpretation which is not correct: we have to read supaṇṇa vaṅkageha “like a Garuḷa bird’s crooked wing”, i. e. where the roof is bent on one side. —yojana half a yojana (in distance) J.V, 410; DA.I, 35 (in expln. of addhāna-magga); DhA.I, 147; II, 74. —rattā midnight A.III, 40Q (°aṃ adv. at m.); Vv 8116 (°rattāyaṃ adv. = aḍḍharattiyaṃ VvA.315); J.I, 264 (samaye); IV, 159 (id.). —ratti = °rattā VvA.255, 315 (= majjhimayāma-samaya); PvA.155. —ruka (v. l. °duka) a certain fashion of wearing the hair Vin.II, 134; Bdhgh expln. on p. 319: aḍhadukan ti udare lomarāji-ṭhapanaṃ “leaving a stripe of hair on the stomach”. —vivata (dvāra) half open J.V, 293. (Page 16)

— or —

Addhā, (adv.) (Vedic addhā, cp. Av. azdā certainty) part. of affirmation and emphasis: certainly, for sure, really, truly D.I, 143; J.I, 19 (a. ahaṃ Buddho bhavissāmi) 66 (a. tvaṃ Buddho bhavissasi), 203, 279; III, 340; V, 307, 410 (C. expln. differs) Sn.47, 1057; Nd2 30 = Ps.II, 21 (ekaṃsa-vacanaṃ nissaṃsaya-vacanaṃ etc.) addhā hi J.IV, 399; Pv IV.15 2. (Page 26)

— or —

1) Addha, 2 (adj.) (= adda3, Sk. ārdra) soiled, wet; fig. attached to, intoxicated with (cp. sineha) M.II, 223 (na anaddhabhūtaṃ attānaṃ dukkhena addhabhāveti he dirties the impure self with ill); S.III, 1 (addhabhūto kāyo impure body); J.VI, 548 (°nakha with dirty nails, C. pūtinakha). (Page 26)

2) Addha, 1 (num.) (= aḍḍha, q. v.) one half, half (°-) D.I, 166 (°māsika); A.II, 160 (°māsa); J.I, 59 (°yojana); III, 189 (°māsa). (Page 26)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English DictionaryPali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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