Mahabalipura, Maha-balipura, Mahābalipura: 2 definitions

Introduction:

Mahabalipura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

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In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Mahabalipura in Purana glossary
Source: archive.org: Shiva Purana - English Translation

Mahābalipura (महाबलिपुर) was the ancient capital of Bali or Mahābali.—Bāṇa was the son of Bali also called Mahābali. He ruled at Śoṇitapura while his father’s capital was Mahābalipura. We can construct the ancestry of Bāṇa from Śivapurāṇa: Hiraṇyakaśipu—Prahlāda—Virocana—Bali—Bāṇa.

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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

[«previous next»] — Mahabalipura in Vaishnavism glossary
Source: Acta Orientalia vol. 74 (2013): Historical sequence of the Vaiṣṇava Divyadeśas

Mahābalipura is short for Mahābalipurakṣetra (or Māmallapuram, Ardhasetu), which refers to Kaṭalmallai, one of the 108 Vaishnava Divya Desam (divyadeśas or divyasthalas), located in the topographical division of Toṇṭaināṭu (“Northern Tamil Nadu”), according to the 9th century Nālāyirativviyappirapantam (shortly Nālāyiram).—Tradition would record the Vaiṣṇava divyadeśas or divyasthalas are 108. The divyadeśa is a base of the cult of Viṣṇu in Viṣṇuism [Vaiṣṇavism] tradition. The list of 108 [viz., Mahābalipura-kṣetra] seems to have reached maturation by about the early 9th century CE as all the deśas are extolled in the hymns of the twelve Āḻvārs.

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Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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