Tontainatu, Tontai-natu, Toṇṭaināṭu, Tontainadu, Tontai-nadu: 2 definitions

Introduction:

Tontainatu means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Vaishnavism (Vaishava dharma)

Source: Acta Orientalia vol. 74 (2013): Historical sequence of the Vaiṣṇava Divyadeśas

Toṇṭaināṭu refers to “northern Tamilnāṭu” (also, Tamilnatu, Tamil Natu or Tamil Nadu), and represents one of the seven topographical segments in Vaiṣṇavism.—Tradition would record the Vaiṣṇava divyadeśas or divyasthalas are 108. The divyadeśa is a base of the cult of Viṣṇu in Viṣṇuism [Vaiṣṇavism] tradition. [...] The 108 [divyadeśas] are brought under six or seven topographical segments [viz., Toṇṭaināṭu] of the Indian subcontinent.

Within Naṭunāṭu are 22 divyadeśas:

  1. Kacci-Attikiri (Attiyūr, Kāñcīpuram, Satyavradakṣetra/Satyavratakṣetra),
  2. Aṭṭapuyakkaram (Aṣṭabhujahasta-Kāñci),
  3. Taṇkā (Tūppul-Kāñci),
  4. Vēḷukkai (Kāñci),
  5. Nīrakam (Kāñci),
  6. Pāṭakam (Kāñci),
  7. Nilāttiṅkaḷtuṇṭam (Kāñci),
  8. Ūrakam (Kāñci),
  9. Veḥkā (Kāñci),
  10. Kārakam (Kāñci),
  11. Kārvaṉam (Kāñci),
  12. Kaḷvaṉūr (Kāñci),
  13. Pavaḷavaṇṇam (Kāñci),
  14. Paramēccuraviṇṇakaram (Vaikuṇṭha Perumāḷ temple, Kāñci),
  15. Puṭkuḻi,
  16. Niṉṟavūr (Tiṇṇaṉūr),
  17. Evvuḷ (Tiruvaḷḷūr, Puṇyāvarttavīkṣāraṇyakṣetra),
  18. Allikkēṇi (Bṛdāraṇyakṣetra),
  19. Nīrmalai (Toyādrikṣetra),
  20. Iṭaventai (Vaṭantai),
  21. Kaṭalmallai (Māmallapuram, Mahābalipurakṣetra, Ardhasetu),
  22. Kaṭikai (Cōḷiṅkar, Cōḷiṅkapuram or Cōḷaciṅkapuram)
Vaishnavism book cover
context information

Vaishnava (वैष्णव, vaiṣṇava) or vaishnavism (vaiṣṇavism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshipping Vishnu as the supreme Lord. Similar to the Shaktism and Shaivism traditions, Vaishnavism also developed as an individual movement, famous for its exposition of the dashavatara (‘ten avatars of Vishnu’).

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Tontainatu in Purana glossary
Source: Shodhganga: Temples and cult of Sri Rama in Tamilnadu

Tontainadu contains 22 out of the 108 divyadesas according to Priyavaccan Pillai’s compendium of the Ramayana based on the Nalayirativviyappirapantam.—Tontainadu represents the region round Kanchipuram, the Metropolis of the Pallavas and an ancient Indian city, known as Pallavanadu, who took the title, Tontaiyar.

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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