Madira, aka: Madirā; 12 Definition(s)

Introduction

Madira means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Madirā (मदिरा, “intoxicated”) refers to a specific “glance” (dṛṣṭi), according to the Nāṭyaśāstra chapter 8. This is a type of glance that expresses a ‘transitory state’ (saṃcāribhāva). There are a total thirty-six glances defined.

Source: Wisdom Library: Nāṭya-śāstra

A type of glance (or facial expression): Madira: indirect, ranging, centred, imsteady, crooked; it is used to indicate the early stage of intoxication.

Source: archive.org: The mirror of gesture (abhinaya-darpana)

Madirā (मदिरा).—A type of glance (dṛṣṭi) expressing a transitory state (saṃcāribhāva);—The Glance in which the middle of the eye is rolling, the ends of the eyes are thin, the eyes are bent, and the corners of the eyes are fully widened, is called Madirā (intoxicated). It is to be used in representing light intoxication.

Uses of Madirā (intoxicated)—in intoxication. In medium intoxication this Glance should have its eyelids slightly contracted, the eyeballs and and the eyelashes slightly mobile. In excessive (lit. the worst) intoxication the Glance should have [either too] much winking or no winking at all, and the eyeballs in it should be slightly visible, and it (the look) should be turned downwards.

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Purana

Madira in Purana glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

Madirā (मदिरा).—Wife of Vasudeva, father of Śrī Kṛṣṇa. Vasudeva had seven wives named Rohiṇī, Bhadramāninī, Madirā, Ilā, Rocanā, Pauravī and Devakī (9th Skandha, Bhāgavata). Of these Devakī, Rohiṇī, and Bhadrā abandoned their lives by jumping into the funeral pyre of Vasudeva. (Śloka 18, Chapter 7, Mausala Parva).

Source: archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1a) Madirā (मदिरा).—One of Vasudeva's wives and mother of Nanda and other sons.*

  • * Bhāgavata-purāṇa IX. 24. 45, 48. Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 161, 171-2. Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 160, Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 15. 18, 23.

1b) Came out of the churning of the ocean of milk.1 Balarāma indulged in.2

  • 1) Matsya-purāṇa 251. 2.
  • 2) Viṣṇu-purāṇa IV. 13. 157.

1c) An epithet of Vāruṇi.*

  • * Viṣṇu-purāṇa V. 25. 3.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

1) Madirā (मदिरा) is the alternative name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) mentioned by Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Madirā corresponds to Latākusuma. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

2) Madirā (मदिरा) refers to one of the 135 metres (chandas) mentioned by Nañjuṇḍa (1794-1868 C.E.) in his Vṛttaratnāvalī. Nañjuṇḍa was a poet of both Kannada and Sanskrit literature flourished in the court of the famous Kṛṣṇarāja Woḍeyar of Mysore. He introduces the names of these metres (eg., Madirā) in 20 verses.

3) Madirā (मदिरा) refers to one of the 130 varṇavṛttas (syllabo-quantitative verse) dealt with in the second chapter of the Vṛttamuktāvalī, ascribed to Durgādatta (19th century), author of eight Sanskrit work and patronised by Hindupati: an ancient king of the Bundela tribe (presently Bundelkhand of Uttar Pradesh). A Varṇavṛtta (eg., madirā) refers to a type of classical Sanskrit metre depending on syllable count where the light-heavy patterns are fixed.

Source: Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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India history and geogprahy

Madira (“liquor or heap of earth”) is one of the many exogamous septs (division) among the Telugu section of the Devangas (a caste of weavers). The Devangas, speaking Telugu or Canarese, are found all over the Madras Presidency. Devanga is composed of Deva and angam, “limb of god”.

Source: Project Gutenberg: Castes and Tribes of Southern India, Volume 1
India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Madira in Pali glossary... « previous · [M] · next »

madirā : (f.) liquor made from cereals.

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Madirā, (f.) (of adj. Vedic madira intoxicating) intoxicating drink, spirit J. V, 425; DhsA. 48. (Page 518)

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

madirā (मदिरा).—f S Spirituous or vinous liquor.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

madirā (मदिरा).—f Spirituous or vinous liquor.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Madira (मदिर).—a. [mādyati anena, mad karaṇe kirac]

1) Intoxicating, maddening.

2) Delighting, fascinating, gladdening (eyes &c.); as in सद्यः षाण्मासिकानां मम मदिरदृशा दत्तचन्द्रो- दयश्रीः (sadyaḥ ṣāṇmāsikānāṃ mama madiradṛśā dattacandro- dayaśrīḥ) Vb.1.17; see comps. below.

-raḥ A kind of Khadira tree (red-flowered).

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Madirā (मदिरा).—

1) Spirituous liquor; काङ्क्षत्यन्यो वदनमदिरां दोहदच्छद्मनास्याः (kāṅkṣatyanyo vadanamadirāṃ dohadacchadmanāsyāḥ) Me.8 (v. l.); Śi.11.49.

2) A kind of wagtail.

3) Name of Durgā.

4) N of a metre; सप्तभकारकृताबसितौ च गुरुः कविभिः कथिता मदिरा (saptabhakārakṛtābasitau ca guruḥ kavibhiḥ kathitā madirā) V. Ratna. (com.).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 33 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Madiragriha
Madirāgṛha (मदिरागृह).—an ale-house, dram-house, a tavern. Derivable forms: madirāgṛham (मदिराग...
Madirasava
Madirāsava (मदिरासव).—an intoxicating drink.Derivable forms: madirāsavaḥ (मदिरासवः).Madirāsava ...
Madiradrish
Madiradṛś (मदिरदृश्).—a woman with fascinating or bewitching eyes; मधुकर मदिराक्ष्याः शंस तस्या...
Madirakshi
Madirākṣī (मदिराक्षी).—a woman with fascinating or bewitching eyes; मधुकर मदिराक्ष्याः शंस तस्य...
Madirashala
Madirāśālā (मदिराशाला).—an ale-house, dram-house, a tavern. Madirāśālā is a Sanskrit compound c...
Madirayatanayana
Madirāyatanayana (मदिरायतनयन).—a. having long and fascinating eyes; यदि मदिरायतनयनां तामधिकृत्य...
Madiranayana
Madiranayanā (मदिरनयना).—a woman with fascinating or bewitching eyes; मधुकर मदिराक्ष्याः शंस तस...
Madironmatta
Madironmatta (मदिरोन्मत्त).—a. intoxicated with spirituous liquor. Madironmatta is a Sanskrit c...
Madiralocana
Madiralocanā (मदिरलोचना).—a woman with fascinating or bewitching eyes; मधुकर मदिराक्ष्याः शंस त...
Madirekshana
Madirekṣaṇā (मदिरेक्षणा).—a woman with fascinating or bewitching eyes; मधुकर मदिराक्ष्याः शंस त...
Madirotkata
Madirotkaṭa (मदिरोत्कट).—a. intoxicated with spirituous liquor. Madirotkaṭa is a Sanskrit compo...
Madirasakha
Madirāsakha (मदिरासख).—the mango tree.Derivable forms: madirāsakhaḥ (मदिरासखः).Madirāsakha is a...
Varunimadira
Vāruṇīmadirā (वारुणीमदिरा).—Drunk by Balarāma and gopīs, being sent by Varuṇa;1 drunk by...
Citra
Citra (चित्र) refers to a “depiction of a painting-two dimensional” and represents a classifica...
Nanda
Nanda.—(IE 7-1-2), ‘nine’. Note: nanda is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it c...

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