Upacitra, aka: Upacitrā; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Upacitra means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Upachitra.

In Hinduism

Chandas (prosody, study of Sanskrit metres)

[Upacitra in Chandas glossaries]

1) Upacitrā (उपचित्रा) is a type of mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) described in the Mātrāsamakaprakaraṇa section of the second chapter of Kedārabhaṭṭa’s Vṛttaratnākara. The Vṛttaratnākara is considered as most popular work in Sanskrit prosody, because of its rich and number of commentaries. Kedārabhaṭṭa (C. 950-1050 C.E.) was a celebrated author in Sanskrit prosody.

2) Upacitrā (उपचित्रा) is the name of a Sanskrit metre (chandas) to which Hemacandra (1088-1173 C.E.) assigned the alternative name of Dodhaka in his auto-commentary on the second chapter of the Chandonuśāsana. Hemacandra gives these alternative names for the metres by other authorities (like Bharata), even though the number of gaṇas or letters do not differ.

3) Upacitrā (उपचित्रा) refers to one of the thirty mātrāvṛtta (quantitative verse) mentioned in the 331st chapter of the Agnipurāṇa. The Agnipurāṇa deals with various subjects viz. literature, poetics, grammar, architecture in its 383 chapters and deals with the entire science of prosody (eg., the upacitrā metre) in 8 chapters (328-335) in 101 verses in total.

(Source): Shodhganga: a concise history of Sanskrit Chanda literature
Chandas book cover
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Chandas (छन्दस्) refers to Sanskrit prosody and represents one of the six Vedangas (auxiliary disciplines belonging to the study of the Vedas). The science of prosody (chandas-shastra) focusses on the study of the poetic meters such as the commonly known twenty-six metres mentioned by Pingalas.

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Purana

[Upacitra in Purana glossaries]

Upacitra (उपचित्र).—A son of Dhṛtarāṣṭra. (Mahābhārata Ādi Parva, Chapter 67, Stanza 95). In the Mahābhārata, Droṇa Parva, Chapter 136 Stanza 22 it is mentioned that he was killed by Bhīmasena.

(Source): archive.org: Puranic Encyclopaedia

1) Upacitra (उपचित्र).—A son of Vasudeva and Madirā.*

  • * Brahmāṇḍa-purāṇa III. 71. 172.

2) Upacitrā (उपचित्रा).—A daughter of Madirā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 96. 170.
(Source): Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Itihasa (narrative history)

[Upacitra in Itihasa glossaries]

Upacitra (उपचित्र) is a name mentioned in the Mahābhārata (cf. I.108.4) and represents one of the many proper names used for people and places. Note: The Mahābhārata (mentioning Upacitra) is a Sanskrit epic poem consisting of 100,000 ślokas (metrical verses) and is over 2000 years old.

(Source): JatLand: List of Mahabharata people and places
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Itihasa (इतिहास, itihāsa) refers to ‘epic history’ and represents a branch of Sanskrit literature which popularly includes 1) the eighteen major Puranas, 2) the Mahabharata and 3) the Ramayana. It is a branch of Vedic Hinduism categorised as smriti literature (‘that which is remembered’) as opposed to shruti literature (‘that which is transmitted verbally’).

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General definition (in Hinduism)

[Upacitra in Hinduism glossaries]

Upacitra (उपचित्र): One of King Dhritarashtra's sons who perished in the war.

(Source): WikiPedia: Hinduism

Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Upacitra in Sanskrit glossaries]

Upacitra (उपचित्र).—a. Variegated, Coloured.

--- OR ---

Upacitrā (उपचित्रा).—

1) Name of a tree (citrā) Salvinia Cucullata (Mar. undīrakānī, thoradāntī); also उपचित्रका (upacitrakā).

2) Name of a lunar mansion स्वाति (svāti); also हस्त (hasta).

3) A particular metre.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 2 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Dodhaka
Dodhaka (दोधक).—Name of a metre consisting of three भगण (bhagaṇa)s and one गुरु (guru).Derivabl...
Matravritta
Mātrāvṛtta (मात्रावृत्त).—a metre regulated by the number of prosodial instants it contains, e....

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