Naciketas: 5 definitions



Naciketas means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Nachiketas.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

[«previous next»] — Naciketas in Purana glossary
Source: Puranic Encyclopedia

Naciketas (नचिकेतस्).—A famous hermit. Kaṭhopaniṣad is the exhortation given by Yamadeva (God of death) to this hermit. There is a story to substantiate this statement. The father of Naciketas was the hermit Vājaśravas. This hermit gave as alms, cows which had grown lean by old age and lack of food, at the time of sacrifices. Naciketas felt grieved at this action of his father. He went to his father and sadly asked him "Father, to whom are you going to give me?" The father got angry at the question of the son, and replied; "You are to be given to Yama."

On hearing these cruel words of his father, the boy went to the palace of Yama who had been away. For three days and nights the boy waited there without food and drink. When Yama returned the boy was happy and cheerful and Yama was pleased with him. Yama promised the boy three boons and asked him what boon he wanted. The first boon he asked for was, "Give me the boon that father will be pleased with me and not angry with me." The second was, "Advise me how to attain heaven." The third was, "Tell me the solution of the mystery, whether the soul remains after death." Yama granted the first two boons and said to him, "Boy, this is a difficult question. So ask for another boon such as long life, power over the world, all the pleasures of the world and so on."

The boy replied: "The things you have promised to give me are useless things because after a while the organs of sense will become fragile. The life also will end. So, please tell me. I want the answer to my question." Being greatly pleased at the reply of the boy Dharmadeva expounded to him about the immortality of the soul and the essence of things regarding God Almighty. (Kaṭhopaniṣad).

Purana book cover
context information

The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Sanskrit dictionary

[«previous next»] — Naciketas in Sanskrit glossary
Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Naciketas (नचिकेतस्).—m.

1) An epithet of Agni.

2) Name of the son of Vājaśravas. He secured Brahmavidyā from Yamadharma (see Kaṭhopaniṣat); उशन् ह वै वाजश्रवसः सर्ववेदसं ददौ । तस्य ह नचिकेता नाम पुत्र आस (uśan ha vai vājaśravasaḥ sarvavedasaṃ dadau | tasya ha naciketā nāma putra āsa) | Kaṭh. Up.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Naciketas (नचिकेतस्).—[masculine] [Name] of a man.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Naciketas (नचिकेतस्):—[=na-ciketas] [from na] (na-) m. (√4. cit) Name of a man, [Taittirīya-brāhmaṇa; Kaṭha-upaniṣad]

[Sanskrit to German] (Deutsch Wörterbuch)

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Böhtlingk and Roth Grosses Petersburger Wörterbuch

Naciketas (नचिकेतस्):—(1. na + ci von cit) m. Nomen proprium eines Sohnes des Vājaśravasa [Kaṭhopaniṣad 1, 1.] Auch naciketa [6, 18.] — Vgl. nāciketa .

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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