Astamaya: 12 definitions

Introduction:

Astamaya means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Astamaya (अस्तमय) refers to the “setting (of planets)”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 1), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] In my work on Astronomy, I have treated of the rising and setting [i.e., astamaya] of the planets as well as their retrograde and reretrograde motions and the like. In my work on Horoscopy, I have fully treated of nativity, of yātrā and of marriage. In the present treatise, I have rejected questions and re-questions, historical narrations, unimportant planetary phenomena and all that is useless; and my purpose is to speak clearly only of the vital truths of the several subjects treated of”.

Source: Google Books: Studies in the History of the Exact Sciences (Astronomy)

Astamaya (अस्तमय) refers to “half of the Sun’s orb”, according to Govinda Daivajña’s Pīyūṣadhārā (verse p.424), a commentary on Rāma Daivajña’s Muhūrtacintāmaṇi (AD 1600).—Accordingly, “[...] After having seen the rise of half of the Sun’s orb, or the setting of the half likewise [i.e., ardha-astamaya], the instrument having the aforementioned characteristics should be deposited, with this sacred formula.—{‘Should be deposited’ means ‘in a basin filled with water’. Thus spoke Nārada: In a copper basin, which is filled with water, which is decorated with sandal paste and flowers, which is situated upon grains of rice on a pure ground, and which is endowed with jewels (ratnayuta), after noticing the rise of half of the Sun’s orb, [the bowl] should be deposited. He also taught the sacred formula.}—[...]”.

Source: Wikibooks (hi): Sanskrit Technical Terms

Astamaya (अस्तमय).—Diurnal or heliacal setting. Note: Astamaya is a Sanskrit technical term used in ancient Indian sciences such as Astronomy, Mathematics and Geometry.

Jyotisha book cover
context information

Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (shaktism)

Astamaya (अस्तमय) refers to “setting” (as opposed to Udita—‘rising’), according to the King Vatsarāja’s Pūjāstuti called the Kāmasiddhistuti (also Vāmakeśvarīstuti), guiding one through the worship of the Goddess Nityā.—Accordingly, “[...] Sages address you as the destroyer of darkness, the bestower of delight, yielding the immortal nectar to all those who remember you. They address you as the ever-risen one with no possibility of rising and setting (anudita-astamaya-prasaṅgā), as the underlying digit of the moon never suspected to have a stain”.

Shaktism book cover
context information

Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

astamaya (अस्तमय).—m (S) astamāna n (S) The setting or the being set (of a heavenly body).

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Astamaya (अस्तमय).—

1) Setting (of the Sun), करोत्यकालास्तमयं विवस्वतः (karotyakālāstamayaṃ vivasvataḥ) Kirātārjunīya 5.35; (opp. udaya).

2) Destruction, end, decline, loss; भाग्यास्तमयमिवाक्ष्णोः (bhāgyāstamayamivākṣṇoḥ) M.2.11.

3) Fall, subjugation; उदयमस्तमयं च रघूद्वहात् (udayamastamayaṃ ca raghūdvahāt) R.9.9.

4) Obscuring, eclipsing; प्रभाप्ररोहास्तमयं रजांसि (prabhāprarohāstamayaṃ rajāṃsi) R.6.33.

5) Conjunction (of a planet) with the Sun.

Derivable forms: astamayaḥ (अस्तमयः).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Astamaya (अस्तमय).—i. e. astam-i + a, m. Sun-set, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 35.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Astamaya (अस्तमय).—[masculine] mayana [neuter] setting (of the sun).

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Astamaya (अस्तमय):—[=asta-m-aya] [from asta] m. setting (of the sun), [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Chāndogya-upaniṣad] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] disappearance, vanishing, perishing, [Kaṭha-upaniṣad] (said of the senses), [Raghuvaṃśa]

[Sanskrit to German]

Astamaya in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Astamaya (ಅಸ್ತಮಯ):—[noun] the setting (of the sun, moon etc.); disappearance.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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