Kathora, Kaṭhōra, Kaṭhora: 15 definitions


Kathora means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi, Hindi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

Alternative spellings of this word include Kathor.

In Hinduism

Kavya (poetry)

[«previous next»] — Kathora in Kavya glossary
Source: Brill: Śaivism and the Tantric Traditions (kavya)

Kaṭhora (कठोर) refers to “old (crows)”, according to Bāṇa’s Kādambarī (p. 225-226).—Accordingly, while describing the shire of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, “[Then follows the image of the Goddess Caṇḍikā, which matches the conception of Kālarātri in the passage from the Mahābhārata:] [...] she bore the coquettish apparel of a woman going out to meet Mahākāla at night, with a vine-like body furnished with a raiment reddened with saffron-dye, with a face with red eyes, whose brows were furrowed into a frown, whose lip was crimsoned with betel that was blood, whose cheeks were reddened by the light shed from ear-ornaments of pomegranate flowers, with a forehead on which there was a tilaka dot of vermillion made by a Śabara beauty, covered by a magnificent gold turban. She was worshipped (ārādhyamāna) by goats... mice... antelope and black serpents... She was praised on all sides by flocks of old crows (kaṭhora-vāyasa-gaṇa); [...]”.

context information

Kavya (काव्य, kavya) refers to Sanskrit poetry, a popular ancient Indian tradition of literature. There have been many Sanskrit poets over the ages, hailing from ancient India and beyond. This topic includes mahakavya, or ‘epic poetry’ and natya, or ‘dramatic poetry’.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: Encyclopedia of Jainism: Tattvartha Sutra 8: Bondage of karmas

Kaṭhora (कठोर, “smooth”) refers to one of the eight types of Sparśa (touch), representing one of the various kinds of Nāma, or “physique-making (karmas)”, which represents one of the eight types of Prakṛti-bandha (species bondage): one of the four kinds of bondage (bandha) according to the 2nd-century Tattvārthasūtra chapter 8. The karmas rise of which gives the touch attribute to the body are called touch (sparśa) body-making karma (e.g., kaṭhora).

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kaṭhōra (कठोर).—a (S) Hard--stone, wood &c.: but the figurative uses are more common; viz. hard of heart, cruel, savage, pitiless: sharp, offensive, cutting--speech: harsh or rough--a voice: severe, stern, rigorous, extreme--a punishment or treatment.

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kaṭhōrā (कठोरा).—m (kaṭōrā Bowl, or kaṭharaḍā or kaṭhaḍā Paling.) A roundhouse in the after part of certain Arab boats.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kaṭhōra (कठोर).—a Hard of heart. Sharp, offen- sive speech. Harsh or rough-voice. Severe, rigorous &c.-punishment.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Kaṭhora (कठोर).—a.

1) Hard (fig. also); solid, stiff, कठोरास्थिग्रन्थि (kaṭhorāsthigranthi) Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 5.34.

2) Cruel, hard-hearted, ruthless; अयि कठोर यशः किल ते प्रियम् (ayi kaṭhora yaśaḥ kila te priyam) Uttararāmacarita 3.27; so °हृदय, °चित्त (hṛdaya, °citta).

3) Sharp, piercing; °अङ्कुश (aṅkuśa) Śānti.1.22.

4) Full, developed, complete, fullgrown, of mature age; कठोरगर्भां जानकीं विमुच्य (kaṭhoragarbhāṃ jānakīṃ vimucya) Uttararāmacarita 1,1.49,6.25; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 6.19; so कठोरतारा- धिपलाञ्छनच्छविः (kaṭhoratārā- dhipalāñchanacchaviḥ) Śiśupālavadha 1.2; so अ° () new, young; Mālatīmādhava (Bombay) 1.2.

5) (Fig.) Matured, refined; कलाकलापालोचनकठोरमतिभिः (kalākalāpālocanakaṭhoramatibhiḥ) K.7; °रीभूतः दिवसः (rībhūtaḥ divasaḥ) Uttararāmacarita 2 it is noon-time.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṭhora (कठोर).—mfn.

(-raḥ-rā-raṃ) 1. Hard, solid. 2. Severe, cruel. 3. Full, complete, full-grown. 4. Full, (as the moon.) E. kaṭh to be distressed, &c. āran Unadi affix; also kaṭhola.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṭhora (कठोर).—i. e. probably kaṣṭa + var (for van) + a (cf. kaṭhina), adj. 1. Hard, solid, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 3, 19, 15. 2. Full grown, [Mṛcchakaṭikā, (ed. Stenzler.)] 115, 13. 3. Sharp, [Bhāgavata-Purāṇa, (ed. Burnouf.)] 5, 13, 3. 4. Violent, [Pañcatantra] 93, 1. 5. Loud, [Pañcatantra] 248, 17. 6. Hard-hearted, [Pañcatantra] iv. [distich] 62.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṭhora (कठोर).—[adjective] hard, stiff; sharp, cruel; young, buxom.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Kaṭhora (कठोर):—[from kaṭh] mf(ā)n. ([Uṇādi-sūtra i, 65]) hard, solid, stiff, offering resistance, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Prabodha-candrodaya] etc.

2) [v.s. ...] sharp, piercing, [Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Pañcatantra] etc.

3) [v.s. ...] hard, severe, cruel, hard-hearted, [Pañcatantra; Sāhitya-darpaṇa]

4) [v.s. ...] full, complete, full-grown (as the moon) [commentator or commentary] on [Uṇādi-sūtra] [commentator or commentary] on [Śiśupāla-vadha]

5) [v.s. ...] luxuriant, rank, [Mṛcchakaṭikā]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kaṭhora (कठोर):—[(raḥ-rā-raṃ) a.] Hard; full grown.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Kaṭhora (कठोर) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit word: Kaḍhora.

[Sanskrit to German]

Kathora in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Hindi dictionary

[«previous next»] — Kathora in Hindi glossary
Source: DDSA: A practical Hindi-English dictionary

Kaṭhora (कठोर) [Also spelled kathor]:—(a) hard; severe, stern, stringent; rough; cruel; rigid, rigorous; ~[] hardness; stringency; cruelty; severity, rigidity, rigour/rigorousness; •[vāda] rigourism; ~[hṛdaya] heartless, hard-hearted, cruel; hence ~[hṛdayatā] (nf).

context information


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Kannada-English dictionary

Source: Alar: Kannada-English corpus

Kaṭhōra (ಕಠೋರ):—[adjective] hard a) not easily dented, pierced, cut or crushed; resistant to pressure; firm and unyielding to the touch; rigid; solid and compact; b) demanding great physical or mental effort or labor; fatiguing; difficult; esp. difficult to do, difficult to understand, explain or answer, difficult to deal with; not easily managed or controlled; c) not easily moved; unfeeling; callous; unfriendly; hostile; d) harsh; severe; stern.

context information

Kannada is a Dravidian language (as opposed to the Indo-European language family) mainly spoken in the southwestern region of India.

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