Karpura, aka: Karpūra; 14 Definition(s)

Introduction

Karpura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasashastra (chemistry and alchemy)

Karpūra (कर्पूर) is a sanskrit technical term translating to “Camphor”, which is a white or transparant organic chemical. It is used throughout Rasaśāstra literature, such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.

Source: Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasashastra book cover
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Rasashastra (रसशास्त्र, rasaśāstra) is an important branch of Ayurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasashastra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

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Ayurveda (science of life)

Karpūra (कर्पूर) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Camphor tree”, a species of large tree from the Lauraceae (laurel) family of flowering plants.. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Cinnamomum camphora and is commonly referred to in English as the “camphorwood” or “camphor laurel” among others. It is an evergreen tree, growing up to 30m in height. It is native in India, China and Formosa. It has leathery aromatic simple leaves with yellowish white flowers in axillary panicles. It has ovoid or globose dark green fruits.

This plant (Karpūra) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known by the name Hima.

Source: Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Karpūra (कर्पूर).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug.—Karpūra (camphor) is also known as Śaśī or Candra (moon) because of its cold property. It is pungent, bitter, fragrant, and eliminates fould smell and burning sensation. Moreover, it is cardiac stimulant, bulk-reducing and beneficial for eyes.

Source: Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

The Karpura fruit has a bitter pungent taste, subdues thirst and Kapha, is light in digestion, and removes bad odours from the mouth and cleanses it of all impurities. The Karpura has a slightly bitter taste, is aromatic, cooling in its potency, and light in digestion. It is possessed of liquefacient properties and is specially recommended in dryness of the mouth and fetid breath.

Source: archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Ayurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

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Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Karpura (camphor). An aromatic white crystalline solid derived from the wood of camphor trees (or prepared synthetically from pinene), prized as fuel in temple āratī lamps. See: āratī, pūjā.

Source: Himalayan Academy: Dancing with Siva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

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Katha (narrative stories)

Karpura in Katha glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Karpūra (कर्पूर) or Karpūradvīpa is the name of an island (dvīpa) according to the Kathāsaritsāgara, chapter 56. Accordingly, “... when the Brāhman [Candrasvāmin] heard that, he went in a ship with the merchant Dānavarman to this island of Kaṭāha. There he heard that the merchant Kanakavarman had gone from that island to an island named Karpūra”.

The Kathāsaritsāgara (‘ocean of streams of story’), mentioning Karpūra, is a famous Sanskrit epic story revolving around prince Naravāhanadatta and his quest to become the emperor of the vidyādharas (celestial beings). The work is said to have been an adaptation of Guṇāḍhya’s Bṛhatkathā consisting of 100,000 verses, which in turn is part of a larger work containing 700,000 verses.

Source: Wisdom Library: Kathāsaritsāgara

Karpūra (कर्पूर):—The name of an island mentioned in Book IX of the Kathāsaritsāgara. The story relates the island being visited by a Brāhman named Chandrasvāmin, who followed the footsteps of the merchant named Kanakavarman.

Source: archive.org: The ocean of story. vol. 4

Karpūra is, of course, camphor, and is mentioned in our text quite distinct from the “five fruits.” An alternative Sanskrit name is chandra-bhasma, a term which refers to its moonlike coolness. The form karpūra, and the vernacular kāpūr, kappīn, etc., in all probability have their origin in the name of the Sumatran camphor-tree, gābū or gāmbū, whence the Indian supplies were derived.

Source: archive.org: The ocean of story. vol. 8
Katha book cover
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Katha (कथा, kathā) refers to narrative Sanskrit literature often inspired from epic legendry (itihasa) and poetry (mahākāvya). Some Kathas reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of important historical event and exploits of the Gods, Heroes and Sages.

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Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Karpūra (कर्पूर) is the name of a tree found in maṇidvīpa (Śakti’s abode), according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 12.10. Accordingly, these trees always bear flowers, fruits and new leaves, and the sweet fragrance of their scent is spread across all the quarters in this place. The trees (eg. Karpūra) attract bees and birds of various species and rivers are seen flowing through their forests carrying many juicy liquids. Maṇidvīpa is defined as the home of Devī, built according to her will. It is compared with Sarvaloka, as it is superior to all other lokas.

The Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa, or Śrīmad-devī-bhāgavatam, is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, a type of Sanskrit literature containing cultural information on ancient India, religious/spiritual prescriptions and a range of topics concerning the various arts and sciences. The whole text is composed of 18,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 6th century.

Source: Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Karpura in Purana glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

Karpūra (कर्पूर) refers to “camphor”, the powder thereof forms a preferable constituent for a great offering, according to the Śivapurāṇa 1.16. Accordingly, “[...] the great offering of eatables shall be made to Śiva especially in the month of Dhanus. The constituent parts of the great offering are as follows:—[...] camphor (karpūra) powder (cūrṇa) [...] This great offering of eatables made to the deities shall be distributed among devotees m the order of their castes”.

Source: archive.org: Siva Purana - English Translation
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

Karpura in Marathi glossary... « previous · [K] · next »

karpūra (कर्पूर).—m (S) Camphor.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

karpūra (कर्पूर).—m Camphor.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karpūra (कर्पूर).—[Un.4.9.] Camphor.

Derivable forms: karpūraḥ (कर्पूरः), karpūram (कर्पूरम्).

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karpūra (कर्पूर).—mn.

(-raḥ-raṃ) Camphor. E. kṛp to be able, ūra Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 37 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Karpuramani
Karpūramaṇi (कर्पूरमणि).—m. (-ṇiḥ) A white mineral used medicinally. E. karpūra, and maṇi a gem...
Karpuradvipa
Karpūradvīpa (कर्पूरद्वीप) or Karpūra is the name of an island (dvīpa) according to the Kathāsa...
Karpurataila
Karpūrataila (कर्पूरतैल).—n. (-laṃ) Camphor-liniment. E. karpūra, and taila oil.
Karpuranalika
Karpūranālikā (कर्पूरनालिका).—f. (-kā) Rice dressed with spices, camphor and ghee.
Bhimaseni-karpura
Bhīmaseni-karpūra.—(SII 13), a kind of camphor. Note: bhīmaseni-karpūra is defined in the “Indi...
Karpura-mulya
Karpūra-mūlya.—cf. kappūra-vilai (SITI), the sale-price paid for temple lands; the price paid f...
Rasakarpura
Rasakarpūra (रसकर्पूर).—sublimate of mercury. Derivable forms: rasakarpūram (रसकर्पूरम्).Rasaka...
Karpurakhanda
Karpūrakhaṇḍa (कर्पूरखण्ड).—1) a field of camphor. 2) a piece of camphor. Derivable forms: karp...
Karpurakeli
Karpūrakeli (कर्पूरकेलि).—Name of a flamingo; H. Derivable forms: karpūrakeliḥ (कर्पूरकेलिः).Ka...
Karpurashman
Karpūrāśman (कर्पूराश्मन्).—Crystal. Karpūrāśman is a Sanskrit compound consisting of the terms...
Cinakarpura
Cīnakarpūra (चीनकर्पूर).—a kind of camphor. Derivable forms: cīnakarpūraḥ (चीनकर्पूरः).Cīnakarp...
Dvipakarpura
Dvīpakarpūra (द्वीपकर्पूर).—camphor from China. Derivable forms: dvīpakarpūraḥ (द्वीपकर्पूरः).D...
Varikarpura
Vārikarpūra (वारिकर्पूर).—a kind of fish (ilīśa). Derivable forms: vārikarpūraḥ (वारिकर्पूरः).V...
Karpurastava
Karpūrastava (कर्पूरस्तव).—a reputed panegyric in तन्त्रशास्त्र (tantraśāstra).Derivable forms:...
Karpurarasa
Karpūrarasa (कर्पूररस).—Quicksilver. Derivable forms: karpūrarasaḥ (कर्पूररसः).Karpūrarasa is a...

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