Karpura, aka: Karpūra; 10 Definition(s)

Introduction

Karpura means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Rasaśāstra (chemistry and alchemy)

Karpūra (कर्पूर) is a sanskrit technical term translating to “Camphor”, which is a white or transparant organic chemical. It is used throughout Rasaśāstra literature, such as the Rasaprakāśasudhākara.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Rasa-śāstra
Rasaśāstra book cover
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Rasaśāstra (रसशास्त्र, rasa-shastra) is an important branch of Āyurveda, specialising in chemical interactions with herbs, metals and minerals. Some texts combine yogic and tantric practices with various alchemical operations. The ultimate goal of Rasaśāstra is not only to preserve and prolong life, but also to bestow wealth upon humankind.

Āyurveda (science of life)

Karpūra (कर्पूर) is a Sanskrit word referring to the “Camphor tree”, a species of large tree from the Lauraceae (laurel) family of flowering plants.. It is used throughout Āyurvedic literature such as the Caraka-saṃhitā and the Suśruta-saṃhitā. The official botanical name is Cinnamomum camphora and is commonly referred to in English as the “camphorwood” or “camphor laurel” among others. It is an evergreen tree, growing up to 30m in height. It is native in India, China and Formosa. It has leathery aromatic simple leaves with yellowish white flowers in axillary panicles. It has ovoid or globose dark green fruits.

This plant (Karpūra) is also mentioned as a medicine used for the treatment of all major fevers, as described in the Jvaracikitsā (or “the treatment of fever”) which forms the first chapter of the Sanskrit work called Mādhavacikitsā. In this work, the plant is also known by the name Hima.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Āyurveda and botany

Karpūra (कर्पूर).—The Sanskrit name for an important Āyurvedic drug.—Karpūra (camphor) is also known as Śaśī or Candra (moon) because of its cold property. It is pungent, bitter, fragrant, and eliminates fould smell and burning sensation. Moreover, it is cardiac stimulant, bulk-reducing and beneficial for eyes.

(Source): Google Books: Essentials of Ayurveda

The Karpura fruit has a bitter pungent taste, subdues thirst and Kapha, is light in digestion, and removes bad odours from the mouth and cleanses it of all impurities. The Karpura has a slightly bitter taste, is aromatic, cooling in its potency, and light in digestion. It is possessed of liquefacient properties and is specially recommended in dryness of the mouth and fetid breath.

(Source): archive.org: Sushruta samhita, Volume I
Āyurveda book cover
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Āyurveda (आयुर्वेद, ayurveda) is a branch of Indian science dealing with medicine, herbalism, taxology, anatomy, surgery, alchemy and related topics. Traditional practice of Āyurveda in ancient India dates back to at least the first millenium BC. Literature is commonly written in Sanskrit using various poetic metres.

Shaivism (Shaiva philosophy)

Karpura (camphor). An aromatic white crystalline solid derived from the wood of camphor trees (or prepared synthetically from pinene), prized as fuel in temple āratī lamps. See: āratī, pūjā.

(Source): Himalayan Academy: Dancing with Siva
Shaivism book cover
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Shaiva (शैव, śaiva) or Shaivism (śaivism) represents a tradition of Hinduism worshiping Shiva as the supreme being. Closely related to Shaktism, Shaiva literature includes a range of scriptures, including Tantras, while the root of this tradition may be traced back to the ancient Vedas.

Kathā (narrative stories)

Karpūra (कर्पूर):—The name of an island mentioned in Book IX of the Kathāsaritsāgara. The story relates the island being visited by a Brāhman named Chandrasvāmin, who followed the footsteps of the merchant named Kanakavarman.

(Source): archive.org: The ocean of story. vol. 4

Karpūra is, of course, camphor, and is mentioned in our text quite distinct from the “five fruits.” An alternative Sanskrit name is chandra-bhasma, a term which refers to its moonlike coolness. The form karpūra, and the vernacular kāpūr, kappīn, etc., in all probability have their origin in the name of the Sumatran camphor-tree, gābū or gāmbū, whence the Indian supplies were derived.

(Source): archive.org: The ocean of story. vol. 8
Kathā book cover
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Kathās (कथा) are special kind of Sanskrit literature: they are a kind of a mix between Itihāsa (historical legends) and Mahākāvya (epic poetry). Some Kathās reflect socio-political instructions for the King while others remind the reader of the historical deeds of the Gods, sages and heroes.

Śāktism (Śākta philosophy)

Karpūra (कर्पूर) is the name of a tree found in maṇidvīpa (Śakti’s abode), according to the Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa 12.10. Accordingly, these trees always bear flowers, fruits and new leaves, and the sweet fragrance of their scent is spread across all the quarters in this place. The trees (eg. Karpūra) attract bees and birds of various species and rivers are seen flowing through their forests carrying many juicy liquids. Maṇidvīpa is defined as the home of Devī, built according to her will. It is compared with Sarvaloka, as it is superior to all other lokas.

The Devī-bhāgavata-purāṇa, or Śrīmad-devī-bhāgavatam, is categorised as a Mahāpurāṇa, a type of Sanskrit literature containing cultural information on ancient India, religious/spiritual prescriptions and a range of topics concerning the various arts and sciences. The whole text is composed of 18,000 metrical verses, possibly originating from before the 6th century.

(Source): Wisdom Library: Śrīmad Devī Bhāgavatam
Śāktism book cover
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Śākta (शाक्त, shakta) or Śāktism (shaktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devī) is revered and worshipped. Śākta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

karpūra (कर्पूर).—m (S) Camphor.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

Relevant definitions

Search found 10 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

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Kapura
kāpūra (कापूर).—m Camphor.
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