Karika, Kārikā, Karikā: 14 definitions

Introduction

Introduction:

Karika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: archive.org: Natya Shastra

Kārikā (कारिका, “memorial verse”).—When a rule (lit. meaning) is explained (lit. uttered) briefly in a with a minimum (lit. small) number of words, it is called the Memorial Verse (kārikā) which shows the meaning of the rule clearly.

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

Source: Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar

Kārikā (कारिका).—A verse or a line or lines in metrical form giving the gist of the explanation of a topic; cf. संक्षिप्तसूत्रबह्वर्थसूचकः श्लोकः कारिका (saṃkṣiptasūtrabahvarthasūcakaḥ ślokaḥ kārikā) Padavyavasthāsūtrakārikā of Udayakīrti.

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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

Source: Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names

A grammatical work in Pall, written by the Elder Dhammasenapati at the Ananda vihara in Pagan. A tika on the work is ascribed to the same author. Gv. p.63, 73; Bode, op. cit., 16 and n.1.

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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

Source: Abhayagiri: General Essay's

The Karika is a verse commentary on the Upanishad. It falls into four sections:

  1. Agama Prakarana
  2. Illusion
  3. Advaita
  4. Extinguishing the torch.

1. The first section is a brief systematic exposition of the Upanishadic text, following its distinction of the four states of consciousness. Several of the most important Indian commentators treat the 29 slokas (verses) of the Agama Prakarana as part of the scriptural text of Mandukya Upanishad..

2. The second section moves beyond the text of the Upanishad to establish the unreality of the things experienced in dreams and, by analogy, the things experienced in the waking state. 

3. The Advaita section of the Karika presents a clear, positive statement of the Non-Dualist position: Atman/Brahman alone is real, all else is illusion. Gaudapada teaches the AJATA doctrine: the doctrine of NO-BECOMING.

4. The fourth section of the Karika expounds the means of removing the illusion of duality. Essentially this is the ASPARSHA YOGA mentioned in section three.

India history and geogprahy

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Indian Epigraphical Glossary

Karika.—(Ep. Ind., Vol XIII, p. 119, text line 8), official designation; probably a mistake for Tarika. Note: karika is defined in the “Indian epigraphical glossary” as it can be found on ancient inscriptions commonly written in Sanskrit, Prakrit or Dravidian languages.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

kārikā : (f.) a commentary.

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kārikā, see kāraka. (Page 210)

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kārikā (कारिका).—f S An expository stanza.

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kārīka (कारीक).—a R (kāra) Prepared or wrought with manure.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English

kārikā (कारिका).—f An expository stanza.

context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karikā (करिका).—Scratching, a wound caused by a fingernail. 'दिग्दष्टे वर्तुलाकारे करिका नखरेखिका (digdaṣṭe vartulākāre karikā nakharekhikā)' इति वैजयन्ती (iti vaijayantī); Śi.4.29.

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Kārikā (कारिका).—

1) A female dancer.

2) A business, or trade

3) A memorial verse, or a collection of such verses, on grammatical, philosophical, or scientific subjects, e. g. Bhattojī Dīkṣita's Kārikās on grammar; called वैयाकरणसिद्धान्तकारिका (vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntakārikā); सांख्यकारिका (sāṃkhyakārikā).

4) Torment, torture.

5) Interest.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Edgerton Buddhist Hybrid Sanskrit Dictionary

Kārika (कारिक).—(-kārika), adj. (= Sanskrit kālika; compare 2 kāra), ifc., belonging to a…time: Lalitavistara 40.11 (prose) nānāpuṣpaphalavṛkṣā nānar- tukārikās (only one inferior ms. °kālikās),…trees belonging to the time of various seasons, or to various seasons and times.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Kārikā (कारिका).—f.

(-kā) 1. An actress, a dancing woman. 2. Action, agency. 3. Comment, gloss. 4. An art, a profession. 5. Sharp pain, 6. Interest at any stipulated rate. E. kṛñ to do, and vun affix, fem. termination ṭāp and i substituted for the penultimate vowel.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Aufrecht Catalogus Catalogorum

1) Kārikā (कारिका) as mentioned in Aufrecht’s Catalogus Catalogorum:—[grammatical] W. p. 222.
—by Bhaṭṭoji. B. 3, 4.
—by Bhartṛhari. Oppert. 4267. Quoted by Viṭṭhala Oxf. 161^b. See Vākyapadīya.

2) Kārikā (कारिका):—vaid. Āśvalāyana. B. 1, 152. 154. Sb. 16.
—Gobhila. B. 1, 174.
—Śākala. K. 196.
—Śaunaka. K. 198. B. 1, 192. 194.
—by Reṇukācārya. B. 1, 164. See Āśvalāyanagṛhyakārikā, Kapardikārikā, Śākalācāryakārikā, Śaunakakārikā.

3) Kārikā (कारिका):—[dharma] by Anantadeva. B. 3, 66.

4) Kārikā (कारिका):—[nyāya] Rice. 98.

5) Kārikā (कारिका):—kārikāḥ vedānta, by Harirāya. Peters. 3, 392.
—[commentary] by Gokulabhaṭṭa. Peters. 3, 392.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karikā (करिका):—[from karaka > kara] a f. (ikā) a wound caused by a finger-nail, [Śiśupāla-vadha iv, 29.]

2) Karika (करिक):—[from kara] m. ifc. (= karin) an elephant, [Śiśupāla-vadha iv, 29]

3) Karikā (करिका):—[from karika > kara] b f. See 1. karaka

4) Kārikā (कारिका):—[from kāra] f. (f. of kāraka), a female dancer, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] a business, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

6) [v.s. ...] trade, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

7) [v.s. ...] concise statement in verse of ([especially] philos. and gramm.) doctrines, [Mahābhārata ii, 453 etc.]

8) [v.s. ...] torment, torture, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

9) [v.s. ...] interest, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

10) [v.s. ...] Name of a plant, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

11) [v.s. ...] f. [plural] or more commonly hari-kārikās, the Kārikās of Bhartṛ-hari id est. the verses contained in his gramm. work Vākya-padīya (q.v.)

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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