Karika, aka: Kārikā, Karikā; 9 Definition(s)

Introduction

Karika means something in Buddhism, Pali, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

[Karika in Natyashastra glossaries]

Kārikā (कारिका, “memorial verse”).—When a rule (lit. meaning) is explained (lit. uttered) briefly in a with a minimum (lit. small) number of words, it is called the Memorial Verse (kārikā) which shows the meaning of the rule clearly.

(Source): archive.org: Natya Shastra
Natyashastra book cover
context information

Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (śāstra) of performing arts, (nāṭya, e.g., theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing dramatic plays (nataka) and poetic works (kavya).

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Vyakarana (Sanskrit grammar)

[Karika in Vyakarana glossaries]

Kārikā (कारिका).—A verse or a line or lines in metrical form giving the gist of the explanation of a topic; cf. संक्षिप्तसूत्रबह्वर्थसूचकः श्लोकः कारिका (saṃkṣiptasūtrabahvarthasūcakaḥ ślokaḥ kārikā) Padavyavasthāsūtrakārikā of Udayakīrti.

(Source): Wikisource: A dictionary of Sanskrit grammar
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Vyakarana (व्याकरण, vyākaraṇa) refers to Sanskrit grammar and represents one of the six additional sciences (vedanga) to be studied along with the Vedas. Vyakarana concerns itself with the rules of Sanskrit grammar and linguistic analysis in order to establish the correct context of words and sentences.

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In Buddhism

Theravada (major branch of Buddhism)

[Karika in Theravada glossaries]

A grammatical work in Pall, written by the Elder Dhammasenapati at the Ananda vihara in Pagan. A tika on the work is ascribed to the same author. Gv. p.63, 73; Bode, op. cit., 16 and n.1.

(Source): Pali Kanon: Pali Proper Names
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Theravāda is a major branch of Buddhism having the the Pali canon (tipitaka) as their canonical literature, which includes the vinaya-pitaka (monastic rules), the sutta-pitaka (Buddhist sermons) and the abhidhamma-pitaka (philosophy and psychology).

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General definition (in Buddhism)

[Karika in Buddhism glossaries]

The Karika is a verse commentary on the Upanishad. It falls into four sections:

  1. Agama Prakarana
  2. Illusion
  3. Advaita
  4. Extinguishing the torch.

1. The first section is a brief systematic exposition of the Upanishadic text, following its distinction of the four states of consciousness. Several of the most important Indian commentators treat the 29 slokas (verses) of the Agama Prakarana as part of the scriptural text of Mandukya Upanishad..

2. The second section moves beyond the text of the Upanishad to establish the unreality of the things experienced in dreams and, by analogy, the things experienced in the waking state. 

3. The Advaita section of the Karika presents a clear, positive statement of the Non-Dualist position: Atman/Brahman alone is real, all else is illusion. Gaudapada teaches the AJATA doctrine: the doctrine of NO-BECOMING.

4. The fourth section of the Karika expounds the means of removing the illusion of duality. Essentially this is the ASPARSHA YOGA mentioned in section three.

(Source): Abhayagiri: General Essay's

Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

[Karika in Pali glossaries]

kārikā : (f.) a commentary.

(Source): BuddhaSasana: Concise Pali-English Dictionary

Kārikā, see kāraka. (Page 210)

(Source): Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary
Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Marathi-English dictionary

[Karika in Marathi glossaries]

kārikā (कारिका).—f S An expository stanza.

--- OR ---

kārīka (कारीक).—a R (kāra) Prepared or wrought with manure.

(Source): DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

kārikā (कारिका).—f An expository stanza.

(Source): DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
context information

Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

[Karika in Sanskrit glossaries]

Karikā (करिका).—Scratching, a wound caused by a fingernail. 'दिग्दष्टे वर्तुलाकारे करिका नखरेखिका (digdaṣṭe vartulākāre karikā nakharekhikā)' इति वैजयन्ती (iti vaijayantī); Śi.4.29.

--- OR ---

Kārikā (कारिका).—

1) A female dancer.

2) A business, or trade

3) A memorial verse, or a collection of such verses, on grammatical, philosophical, or scientific subjects, e. g. Bhattojī Dīkṣita's Kārikās on grammar; called वैयाकरणसिद्धान्तकारिका (vaiyākaraṇasiddhāntakārikā); सांख्यकारिका (sāṃkhyakārikā).

4) Torment, torture.

5) Interest.

(Source): DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary
context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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Relevant definitions

Search found 72 related definition(s) that might help you understand this better. Below you will find the 15 most relevant articles:

Samkhyakarika
Sāṃkhyakārikā (सांख्यकारिका).—Name of a collection of 72 verses by Īśvara-Kriṣṇa. Sāṃkhyakārikā...
Madhukarika
Madhukarikā (मधुकरिका) is the name of a meter belonging to the Uṣṇik class of Dhruvā (songs) de...
Mandukya Karika
Work by Gauḍapāda (8th century), the Māṇḍukya Kārikā is a commentary in verse form on the Ma...
Janghakarika
Jaṅghākarika (जङ्घाकरिक) or Jaṅghākārika (जङ्घाकारिक).—a runner, courier, an express. Kau. A.2....
Cirakarika
Cirakārika (चिरकारिक).—a. acting slowly, delaying, tarrying, dilatory. Cirakārika is a Sanskrit...
Shilpakarika
Śilpakārikā (शिल्पकारिका, “crafts-women ”) or Śilpakāriṇī refers to one of the classes of “wome...
Utsrishtikarika
Utsṛṣṭikārika (उत्सृष्टिकारिक).—A drama in a single act.Derivable forms: utsṛṣṭikārikaḥ (उत्सृष...
Anjalikarika
Añjalikārikā (अञ्जलिकारिका).—1) an earthen doll making the अञ्जलि (añjali) (?). 2) Name of a pl...
Navakarika
Navakārikā (नवकारिका).—1) a woman newly married. 2) a woman in whom menstruation has recently c...
Dikkarika
Dikkarikā (दिक्करिका).—a young girl or woman. Dikkarikā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of th...
Agnikarika
Agnikārikā (अग्निकारिका).—[agniṃ karoti ādhatte karaṇe kartṛtvopacārāt kartari ṇvul] 1) the mea...
Nishvasakarika
Niśvāsakārikā (निश्वासकारिका) or Niśvāsakārikāgama refers to one of upāgamas (supplementary scr...
Kutakarika
Kuṭakārikā (कुटकारिका).—a female servant, Hch.Kuṭakārikā is a Sanskrit compound consisting of t...
Gandhakarika
Gandhakārikā (गन्धकारिका).—1) a female servant whose business is to prepare perfumes. 2) a fema...
Vrittalakshanakarika
Vṛttalakṣaṇakārikā (वृत्तलक्षणकारिका) is the name of a work ascribed to a disciple of Nārāyaṇa ...

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