Karikala, Karikāla: 3 definitions


Karikala means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, the history of ancient India. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Natyashastra (theatrics and dramaturgy)

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (natya)

Karikala Chola (Peruvalatan Thirumavalan) is the name of an ancient Chola king, as mentioned in the Araṅkeṟṟukāṭai which is a chapter of the Cilappatikāram: an ancient epic authored by Ilango Adigal representing an important piece of Tamil literature.—Pukārkkāṇṭam, the third canto of Araṅkeṟṟukāṭai (the debut), speaks of dance and depicts the dance performance of Madavi and the due recognition given by Karikala Peruvalatan, the Chola king, by the presentation of an herbal garland, Kovalan buying the garland for one thousand and eight gold coins to acquire Madavi and the life led by them. The Chola King Karikala Peruvalatan, after witnessing and enjoying the dance of Madavi, without deviating from the norms of the royal ways, gave the green garland and bestowed the honoured title Talaikkōl on Madavi. Since that was the araṅkeṟṟam for Madavi, as per the rules, she was presented with one thousand and eight pon kalañcu (gold coins).

Natyashastra book cover
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Natyashastra (नाट्यशास्त्र, nāṭyaśāstra) refers to both the ancient Indian tradition (shastra) of performing arts, (natya—theatrics, drama, dance, music), as well as the name of a Sanskrit work dealing with these subjects. It also teaches the rules for composing Dramatic plays (nataka), construction and performance of Theater, and Poetic works (kavya).

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India history and geography

Source: Wikipedia: India History

Karikala was a Tamil Chola king who ruled southern India. He is credited with the conquest of the whole of India up to the Himalayas and the construction of the flood banks of the river Kaveri. He is recognised as the greatest of the Early Cholas. Many rulers and petty chiefs who came after Karikala claimed him as their ancestor and decorated themselves as belonging to the solar race of Karikala and of the Kashyapa gotra. According to the Poruṇarāṟṟuppaṭai, Karikala Chola fought a great Battle of Venni in which both Pandyan and Cheran kings[who?] suffered a defeat.

According to Nilakanta Sastri Karikala reigned in (c. A.D 90). V. R. Ramachandra Dikshitar states that the Karikala mentioned in Silappadikaram and Sangam literature are two different kings and the Karikala mentioned in Silappadikaram has nothing to do with Trilocana Pallava and nothing prevents another Karikala having flourished in Puhar a few centuries later.

Source: Shodhganga: The significance of the mūla-beras (history)

Karikāla was a king of the Chola kingdom who practised the art of dance.—Caṅkam literature informs that Ātimanti, daughter of King Karikāla and a noteworthy queen in the Chola kingdom; Āṭṭanatti, a chieftain of Chera dynasty and Āṭukōṭpāṭṭu Ceralātan, a king, were experts in the art of dance. Caṅkam literature provides the information that the members of the royal family, along with the poets, practised the art of dancing.

India history book cover
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The history of India traces the identification of countries, villages, towns and other regions of India, as well as mythology, zoology, royal dynasties, rulers, tribes, local festivities and traditions and regional languages. Ancient India enjoyed religious freedom and encourages the path of Dharma, a concept common to Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism.

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