Karin, Kārin: 7 definitions

Introduction

Karin means something in Jainism, Prakrit, Hinduism, Sanskrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Karin (करिन्) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Karin] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
context information

Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kārin, (-°) (adj.) doing: yathāvādī tathākārī “as he says so he does” D. III, 135, Sn. 357; see for examples the various cpds. as kamma°, kibbisa°, khaṇḍa°, chidda°, dukkaṭa°, dvaya°, paccakkha°, pubba°, sakkacca°, sampajāna°, etc. (Page 210)

— or —

Karin, (adj.) (fr. kara) “one who has a hand, ” an elephant (cp. hatthin) Mhvs 24, 34; 25, 68; Dāvs. IV, 2. In cpds. kari.

Pali book cover
context information

Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karin (करिन्).—m. [kara-ini]

1) An elephant.

2) The number '8' (in Math.)

--- OR ---

Kārin (कारिन्).—a. Making, doing, causing, bringing about (at the end of comp.). -m. A mechanic, artist preparer न कारिसोमं प्रपपौ अग्ने (na kārisomaṃ prapapau agne) Mahābhārata on III.2.115.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karin (करिन्).—m. (-rī) An elephant. E. kara the proboscis of this animal, and ini aff.

--- OR ---

Kārin (कारिन्).—mfn. (-rī-riṇī-ri) An actor, acting, doing. E. kṛ to do, ṇini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karin (करिन्):—[from kara] mfn. doing, effecting etc., [Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 2-3, 70]

2) [v.s. ...] m. ‘having a trunk’, an elephant, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Pañcatantra etc.]

3) Kārin (कारिन्):—[from kāra] 1. kārin mfn. ([Pāṇini 5-2, 72]) doing, making, effecting, producing, acting, an actor, [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc. (mostly ifc. [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti] etc.)

4) [v.s. ...] m. a mechanic, tradesman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] 1. ([according to] to some in [Ṛg-veda] also, kārin, ‘conquering, victorious’).

6) [from kāra] 2. kārin mfn. rejoicing, praising, [Ṛg-veda]

7) [from kṝ] 3. kārin 3 mfn. ([from] √kṝ) scattering, destroying, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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