Karin, Kārin: 13 definitions

Introduction:

Karin means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Buddhism, Pali. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Shaktism (Shakta philosophy)

Source: Google Books: Manthanabhairavatantram

Kārin (कारिन्) refers to “one who generates”, according to the Manthānabhairavatantra.—Accordingly, “From the root (of all things) Śāmbhavīśakti is Bhairavī the energy that is full (bharitā) (of all the energies). [...] She generates the energy of eternal bliss [i.e., nityānanda-kalā-kārin] and has merged into the Bliss of Stillness (nirānanda—i.e. Śiva). Blissful and delighted, she is satisfied and her form is blissful. She is the supreme Command and her form is the Void (śūnya). She pierces through the moving and immobile (universe). Her nature is the Void (vyomarūpā) and she resides within the secret (guhya) Void (vyoman). The energy that utters itself, she abides as 100,000 repetitions of mantra. She is Kāmeśvarī who, as the power of the will (kāmaśakti), has comes forth from the centre of the Point”.

Shaktism book cover
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Shakta (शाक्त, śākta) or Shaktism (śāktism) represents a tradition of Hinduism where the Goddess (Devi) is revered and worshipped. Shakta literature includes a range of scriptures, including various Agamas and Tantras, although its roots may be traced back to the Vedas.

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Jyotisha (astronomy and astrology)

Source: Wisdom Library: Brihat Samhita by Varahamihira

Karin (करिन्) refers to “elephants”, according to the Bṛhatsaṃhitā (chapter 2), an encyclopedic Sanskrit work written by Varāhamihira mainly focusing on the science of ancient Indian astronomy astronomy (Jyotiṣa).—Accordingly, “[...] He, who well knows the Horā, the Gaṇita and the Saṃhitā śāstras, ought to be respected by the prince who loves victory and admitted into his court. That service, which a single Jyotiṣaka, having a knowledge of place and time can render to a prince, cannot be rendered to him by a thousand elephants [i.e., karin] or by four thousand horses”

Jyotisha book cover
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Jyotisha (ज्योतिष, jyotiṣa or jyotish) refers to ‘astronomy’ or “Vedic astrology” and represents the fifth of the six Vedangas (additional sciences to be studied along with the Vedas). Jyotisha concerns itself with the study and prediction of the movements of celestial bodies, in order to calculate the auspicious time for rituals and ceremonies.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

Source: archive.org: Een Kritische Studie Van Svayambhūdeva’s Paümacariu

Karin (करिन्) participated in the war between Rāma and Rāvaṇa, on the side of the latter, as mentioned in Svayambhūdeva’s Paumacariu (Padmacarita, Paumacariya or Rāmāyaṇapurāṇa) chapter 57ff. Svayambhū or Svayambhūdeva (8th or 9th century) was a Jain householder who probably lived in Karnataka. His work recounts the popular Rāma story as known from the older work Rāmāyaṇa (written by Vālmīki). Various chapters [mentioning Karin] are dedicated to the humongous battle whose armies (known as akṣauhiṇīs) consisted of millions of soldiers, horses and elephants, etc.

General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Pali-English dictionary

Source: Sutta: The Pali Text Society's Pali-English Dictionary

Kārin, (-°) (adj.) doing: yathāvādī tathākārī “as he says so he does” D. III, 135, Sn. 357; see for examples the various cpds. as kamma°, kibbisa°, khaṇḍa°, chidda°, dukkaṭa°, dvaya°, paccakkha°, pubba°, sakkacca°, sampajāna°, etc. (Page 210)

— or —

Karin, (adj.) (fr. kara) “one who has a hand, ” an elephant (cp. hatthin) Mhvs 24, 34; 25, 68; Dāvs. IV, 2. In cpds. kari.

Pali book cover
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Pali is the language of the Tipiṭaka, which is the sacred canon of Theravāda Buddhism and contains much of the Buddha’s speech. Closeley related to Sanskrit, both languages are used interchangeably between religions.

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Sanskrit dictionary

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karin (करिन्).—m. [kara-ini]

1) An elephant.

2) The number '8' (in Math.)

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Kārin (कारिन्).—a. Making, doing, causing, bringing about (at the end of comp.). -m. A mechanic, artist preparer न कारिसोमं प्रपपौ अग्ने (na kārisomaṃ prapapau agne) Mahābhārata on III.2.115.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karin (करिन्).—m. (-rī) An elephant. E. kara the proboscis of this animal, and ini aff.

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Kārin (कारिन्).—mfn. (-rī-riṇī-ri) An actor, acting, doing. E. kṛ to do, ṇini aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Benfey Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karin (करिन्).—i. e. kara + in, I. m. An elephant, [Kirātārjunīya] 5, 7. Ii. f. iṇī, A female elephant, [Bhartṛhari, (ed. Bohlen.)] 3, 82.

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Kārin (कारिन्).—i. e. kri + in, adj., f. iṇī, An agent, [Rāmāyaṇa] 2, 78, 8; Mahābhārata 13, 4804; acting, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 7, 26.

— It is generally the latter part of a comp. adj., e. g. a-kārya-, adj. 1. One who does a wrong action, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 11, 239. 2. One who does not what ought to be done, i. e. who neglects his duty, Man, 5, 107. a-kliṣṭa-, adj. Indefatigable, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 31, 1. āpta-, adj. Acting properly, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 12 (in a trustworthy manner). keśa-, m. f. iṇī, A hair-dresser, Mahābhārata 4, 412. kṣipra-, adj. Clever, [Rāmāyaṇa] 3, 36, 10. gṛha-, m. A kind of wasp. [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 12, 66. tatkarmakārin, i. e. tad -karman-, adj. Doing the same, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 9, 261. dṛḍha-, adj. Persevering in good actions, [Mānavadharmaśāstra] 4, 246. vighna-, adj. 1. Obstructing. 2. Fearful.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Cappeller Sanskrit-English Dictionary

Karin (करिन्).—[masculine] ṇī [feminine] an elephant (lit. having a trunk).

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Kārin (कारिन्).—1. [adjective] doing, making, causing, acting ([with] [genetive], [adverb], or —°).

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Kārin (कारिन्).—2. [adjective] praising, exulting; [masculine] singer, poet.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Monier-Williams Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karin (करिन्):—[from kara] mfn. doing, effecting etc., [Kāśikā-vṛtti on Pāṇini 2-3, 70]

2) [v.s. ...] m. ‘having a trunk’, an elephant, [Mahābhārata; Bhāgavata-purāṇa; Pañcatantra etc.]

3) Kārin (कारिन्):—[from kāra] 1. kārin mfn. ([Pāṇini 5-2, 72]) doing, making, effecting, producing, acting, an actor, [Yājñavalkya; Mahābhārata] etc. (mostly ifc. [Śatapatha-brāhmaṇa; Manu-smṛti] etc.)

4) [v.s. ...] m. a mechanic, tradesman, [cf. Lexicographers, esp. such as amarasiṃha, halāyudha, hemacandra, etc.]

5) [v.s. ...] 1. ([according to] to some in [Ṛg-veda] also, kārin, ‘conquering, victorious’).

6) [from kāra] 2. kārin mfn. rejoicing, praising, [Ṛg-veda]

7) [from kṝ] 3. kārin 3 mfn. ([from] √kṝ) scattering, destroying, [Śiśupāla-vadha]

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Yates Sanskrit-English Dictionary

1) Karin (करिन्):—(rī) 5. m. An elephant.

2) Kārin (कारिन्):—[(rī-riṇī-ri) a.] Doing.

Source: DDSA: Paia-sadda-mahannavo; a comprehensive Prakrit Hindi dictionary (S)

Karin (करिन्) in the Sanskrit language is related to the Prakrit words: Kari, Kariṇa, Kāri.

[Sanskrit to German]

Karin in German

context information

Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family (even English!). Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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