Karka; 6 Definition(s)

Introduction

Karka means something in Hinduism, Sanskrit, Jainism, Prakrit, Marathi. If you want to know the exact meaning, history, etymology or English translation of this term then check out the descriptions on this page. Add your comment or reference to a book if you want to contribute to this summary article.

In Hinduism

Purana and Itihasa (epic history)

Karka (कर्क).—A ṛtvik at the sacrifice of Brahmā.*

  • * Vāyu-purāṇa 106. 37.
Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: The Purana Index
Purana book cover
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The Purana (पुराण, purāṇas) refers to Sanskrit literature preserving ancient India’s vast cultural history, including historical legends, religious ceremonies, various arts and sciences. The eighteen mahapuranas total over 400,000 shlokas (metrical couplets) and date to at least several centuries BCE.

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In Jainism

General definition (in Jainism)

In 972AD, the 20th ruler of Rāṣṭrakūṭa dynasty, Karka (or Amogha Varṣa-II) was defeated by King Harṣa Siyāla of Dhārā. With this defeat and loss of their capital Mānyakheṭa, the Rāṣṭrakūṭa dynasty, which was the profound propagator and protector of Jainism, became almost extinct.

Source: HereNow4U: Period Of Rule Of Kadamba Dynasty
General definition book cover
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Jainism is an Indian religion of Dharma whose doctrine revolves around harmlessness (ahimsa) towards every living being. The two major branches (Digambara and Svetambara) of Jainism stimulate self-control (or, shramana, ‘self-reliance’) and spiritual development through a path of peace for the soul to progess to the ultimate goal.

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Languages of India and abroad

Marathi-English dictionary

karka (कर्क).—m (S) A crab. 2 The sign Cancer.

Source: DDSA: The Molesworth Marathi and English Dictionary

karka (कर्क).—m A crab. The sign Cancer. karkavṛttaṃ- rēkhā n Tropic of Cancer.

Source: DDSA: The Aryabhusan school dictionary, Marathi-English
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Marathi is an Indo-European language having over 70 million native speakers people in (predominantly) Maharashtra India. Marathi, like many other Indo-Aryan languages, evolved from early forms of Prakrit, which itself is a subset of Sanskrit, one of the most ancient languages of the world.

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Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karka (कर्क).—a. [kṛ-ka Uṇ.3.4]

1) White; गौः श्वेत इति भवति, अश्वः कर्क इति (gauḥ śveta iti bhavati, aśvaḥ karka iti) Mbh. on P.I.2.71. कर्कीं वत्सामिह रक्ष वाजिन् (karkīṃ vatsāmiha rakṣa vājin) Av.4.38.6.

2) Good, excellent.

-rkaḥ 1 A crab.

2) Cancer, the fourth sign of the zodiac.

3) Fire.

4) A water-jar.

5) A mirror.

6) A white horse. Mb.7.132.3.

7) A kind of gem.

8) A vessel made out of a cocoanut shell.

9) A niggard. cf. ... कर्कस्तु मल्लके । घटभेदाग्निमुकुरसिताश्वकृपणेष्वपि (karkastu mallake | ghaṭabhedāgnimukurasitāśvakṛpaṇeṣvapi) | Nm.

-rkā A white mare; Ks.121.278. [cf. Pers. kark; L. cancer; Gr. korkinos].

Source: DDSA: The practical Sanskrit-English dictionary

Karka (कर्क).—mfn.

(-rkaḥ-rkā-rkaṃ) 1. White. 2. Good, excellent. m.

(-rkaḥ) 1. A white horse. 2. A mirror. 3. A water jar. 4. A crab. 5. A sign of the zodiac, (Cancer.) 6. A fire. 7. A long gourd. 8. Beauty. E. kṛ to do, &c. ka Unadi aff.

Source: Cologne Digital Sanskrit Dictionaries: Shabda-Sagara Sanskrit-English Dictionary
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Sanskrit, also spelled संस्कृतम् (saṃskṛtam), is an ancient language of India commonly seen as the grandmother of the Indo-European language family. Closely allied with Prakrit and Pali, Sanskrit is more exhaustive in both grammar and terms and has the most extensive collection of literature in the world, greatly surpassing its sister-languages Greek and Latin.

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